1st Edition

Nature-Based Wastewater Treatment Systems Emerging Approaches with Potential Resource Recovery Options

Edited By Adarsh Kumar, Saroj Kumar, Sheel Ratna Copyright 2025
    552 Pages 135 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Giving an account of successfully applied and recently developed green remediation technologies for water pollution control, this book describes the scope and applications of nature-based wastewater treatment technologies for environmental sustainability. Major focus is on associated eco-environmental concerns, recent technological developments, field studies, lessons learned, sustainability concerns, and future challenges. It also deals with the development of valuable bioresources together with wastewater treatment for the circular economy.

    This book:

    • Covers Nature-Based Wastewater Treatment Systems for the efficient management of wastewater for the protection of precious water resources.                                   
    • Includes development and utilization of useful bioresources, bioenergy, and value-added products together with wastewater treatment for the circular economy.     
    • Discusses technological aspects such as design, operation, and maintenance, eco-friendliness, effectiveness, and sustainability concerns.                         
    • Highlights technological advancements, field experiences, research gaps, recent developments, challenges, and future directions for further improvements.
    • Reviews field studies and challenges between pollution sources, exposure pathways, and impacts on environmental quality and human health.     

    This book is aimed at graduate students and researchers in environmental engineering and sciences, environmental microbiology, and biotechnology.

    Chapter 1.  Water present and future: Prospects for overcoming scarcity

    R. Jayashree, S. Nikil, A. Bharani, P.A. Shahidha and R. Sunitha


    Chapter 2. Nature-Based Wastewater Treatment Technologies: Concept, Understanding, Opportunities and Future Prospectus

    Saroj Kumar, Priyanka, Pawan Kumar Bhargawa, Subhash Chandra, Venkatesh Dutta and Prashant


    Chapter 3. Constructed Wetlands as an emerging and effective wastewater treatment technology for decentralized locations

    Jayaraman Sethuraman Sudarsan and Subramanian Nithiyanantham


    Chapter 4. Use of nature-based technologies for the treatment of wastewater from municipal slaughterhouse

    Jesus Castellanos Rivera, Florentina Zurita, Luis Carlos Sandoval Herazo


    Chapter 5. Use of plant-based coagulants for wastewater treatment in underdeveloped communities: sources, processes, effectiveness and associated mechanism

    Priya Agarwal and Gaurav Saini


    Chapter 6. Phytoremediation of organic and inorganic contaminants from industrial wastewater

    S.S. Rakesh, A. Nivetha, J. Ezra John, M. Prasanthrajan and C. Sakthivel


    Chapter 7. Activity and role of different extracellular enzymes for deterioration of pollutant within the root zone of macrophytes

    A.Bharani, R.Jayashree, P.A.Shahidha and R.Sunitha


    Chapter 8. Integration of nature-based wastewater treatment technologies with other available technologies as a tertiary treatment unit

    Mohamed Ali Wahab, Yasmine Cherni, and Gareth Griffiths


    Chapter 9. Reuse of treated water for agricultural activities: Situation, opportunities and environmental risks and associated health problems

    Humberto Raymundo Gonzalez Moreno, Lidia Elena Requena Hernández, Alan Antonio Rico Barragan, Georgina Martínez-Reséndiz


    Chapter 10.  PGPR of assisted phytoremediation of Industrial Wastewater for Environmental Sustainability

    Sheel Ratna, Monika Singh, Adarsh Kumar and Rajesh Kumar


    Chapter 11. Role of biosurfactant in wastewater treatment: Current research and future

    Talita Corrêa Nazareth Zanutto, Conrado Planas Zanutto, Danielle Maass


    Chapter 12. Microbial Adsorbent for heavy metal removal from wastewater for environmental safety

    Athar Hussain and Richa Madan


    Chapter 13. Microbial-assisted phytoremediation of industrial wastewater recycling and reuses for overcoming water scarcity

    Anupriya Verma, and Gaurav Saini


    Chapter 14. Wastewater treatment through exopolysaccharides-producing microbes

    Priyanka, S.K. Dwivedi and Pavan Kumar


    Chapter 15. Agro-industrial waste-based adsorbent for wastewater treatment: current pilot and industrial-scale applications

    E. Parameswari, J.Dharani, T.lakiya, V.Davamani, P.Kalaiselvi and S. Paul Sebastian


    Chapter 16. Bacterial ligninolytic enzymes as green and versatile agents for wastewater treatment

    Adarsh Kumar, Pawan Kumar Bhargawa, and Subhash Chandra


    Chapter 17. Application of water hyacinth in toxic metal phytoremediation with special reference to arsenic

    Kelvin Mutugi Kithaka, Kumar Abhishek, Nidhi Mourya, Sayan Bhattacharya


    Chapter 18. Wastewater remediation via Actinomycetes: Current trends and future prospects

    C. Poornachandhra, T. Gokul Kannan, M. Saratha, J. Ezra John, and K. Angappan


    Chapter 19. Integration of natural coagulants with heterogeneous photo-Fenton processes for an agro-industrial wastewater treatment

    Nuno Jorge, Ana R. Teixeira, José A. Peres, Marco S. Lucas


    Chapter 20. Transitioning existing wastewater treatment systems toward a circular economy by increasing resource circularity

    Ganesan Karthikeyan, Thangaraj Gokul Kannan, Raveendra Gnana Keerthi Sahasa, Ramesh Poornima, Sundarajayanthan Ramakrishnan and Periyasamy Dhevagi


    Chapter 21. Bioconversion of lignocellulosic waste: chemicals and biofuels biorefinery concept

    Bhoomika Yadav, Anusha Atmakuri, Shraddha Chavan, R.D. Tyagi, Patrick Drogui


    Chapter 22. Agro-residue wastes as a key to unlocking future bio-energy potentials

    Aditi Roy, Priya Dubey, Ekta Gupta, Anju Patel, Suchi Srivastava and Pankaj Kumar Srivastava


    Chapter 23. Circular Economy and Sustainability: The Role of Technology, Producers, Consumers and Policies to Achieve Sustainable Development Goals

    Nabarupa Dhar, Suchismita Das and Parag Shil


    Chapter 24. Constructed Wetlands Coupled with Microbial Fuel Cells for Bioelectricity Generation: Possible Applications and Challenges

    Manoj Kumar, Naveen Chand, and Sanjeev Kumar Prajapati


    Chapter 25. Nature Based Solutions: Circularity assessment through LCA approach

    Hema Diwan, Binil Kumar, Gautam Yadav


    Chapter 26. Biorefinery: Algal-based valorisation of wastewater for nutrients recovery and energy production

    Supratim Ghosh


    Chapter 27. Bioconversion of lignocellulose: Current trends in biofuels, platform chemicals for biorefinery concept

    Sampurna Nand, Anju Patel, Siddharth Shukla


    Chapter 28. Macrophytes as a potential source of food and fodders for humans and animals due to their high biochemical composition

    Vartika Gupta, Namita Gupta, Pankaj Kumar Srivastava, Anju Patel


    Chapter 29. Valorization of Bio-Based Waste through Research and Community Service in University towards Circular Economy Transition and Future Sustainability: Case Study in Indonesia

    Ratna Dewi Kusumaningtyas, Dwi Widjanarko, Haniif Prasetiawan, Sucihatiningsih Dian Wisika Prajanti, Amin Retnoningsih, M Margunani


    Adarsh Kumar is engaged in understanding the role and mechanism of bacterial ligninolytic enzymes (Laccase, Lignin peroxidase, and Manganese peroxidase) in the degradation and detoxification of residual organic and inorganic pollutants from industrial wastewater and value-added product recovery. He has qualified National Eligibility Test (NET) for lectureship in 2016. Currently, he is working with the District Environment Committee, Pilibhit, UP, framed by the Department of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of Uttar Pradesh, India and awarded as a certified Miyawaki Plantation Professional. He has published many scientific original research papers, book chapters, and proceedings magazines, as popular science articles in several peer-reviewed international and national journals. He has presented some papers at national and international conferences in his field. He has also served as a potential reviewer for various scientific journals in his research areas. He is a life member of the Association of Microbiologists of India (AMI), Indian Science Congress Association (ISCA), and International Society of Environmental Relationship and Sustainability (ISERS), India. 

    Saroj Kumar is currently working on nature-based wastewater treatment technologies for sustainable wastewater management and resource recovery for the circular economy. The major research focus of Dr. Kumar is on the management of water resources, especially through constructed wetlands technology. He has qualified National Eligibility Test (NET) for lectureship and Junior Research Fellowship in the years 2015 and 2016 in Environmental Science, conducted by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR, India) and University Grants Commission (UGC, India) respectively. He has published several articles in high-impact, peer-reviewed international journals, chapters with international publishers, and popular science articles in magazines. He has also presented several papers at national and international conferences, events, and training programs in India. He is an editorial member of the Journal of Plant published by Science Publishing Group, USA, and acts as a reviewer in several international journals. He is an active member of the Indian Science Congress Association (ISCA) and the Institute of Scholars (InSc), India. Dr. Kumar also received the Research Excellence Award from the Institute of Scholars India. Currently, he is working with the District Environment Committee, Lakhimpur Kheri, under the administrative supervision of the Department of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of Uttar Pradesh, India. He is recognized as a certified Miyawaki Plantation Professional in India.

    Sheel Ratna is currently working on wastewater treatment through bacterial-assisted constructed wetlands, adsorbent columns, and the production of value-added products utilizing wastewater as a substrate. He has qualified for several national-level exams such as ICAR-NET (2016) in Environmental Science, ICAR-NET (2017) in Agricultural Microbiology, UGC-NET/JRF (2017) in Environmental Science and GATE-(2019) in Life Science. He has published several research articles in peer-reviewed international journals with high repute, and chapters with international publishers. He has also presented several papers at national and international conferences, and events in India. He is an active member of the Indian Science Congress Association (ISCA) and the Association of Microbiologists (AMI) of India.