1st Edition

Nature Law and Policy in Europe

Edited By Andrew L. R. Jackson Copyright 2023
    276 Pages 1 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    276 Pages 1 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This volume considers current and future challenges for nature law and policy in Europe.

    Following the Fitness Check evaluation of the Birds and Habitats Directives, in 2017 the EU adopted an Action Plan for nature, people and the economy to rapidly improve the Directives’ implementation and accelerate progress towards the EU's biodiversity targets for 2020. More recently, the EU has adopted a Biodiversity Strategy for 2030 and proposed an EU Nature Restoration Law. This book makes a timely contribution by examining the current state of play in light of recent and historical developments, as well as the post-2020 nature law and policy landscape. While evidence suggests that Natura 2000 and the Habitats and Birds Directives have delivered conservation benefits for wildlife in Europe, biodiversity loss continues apace. The book reviews the requirements for an effective international nature conservation system, with reference to the Birds and Habitats Directives. It examines regulatory regimes, current legal issues in the fields of site protection and species protection, the protection of areas outside Natura 2000, recent developments in the EU and the UK, including the implications of Brexit, agriculture and nature conservation, litigation, science and access to justice. Written by leading experts in the field, from a range of stakeholder groups, the volume draws on diverse experiences as well as providing interdisciplinary perspectives.

    This volume will be essential reading for students, scholars, practitioners, NGOs and policy-makers interested in European environmental policy and law, including for example lawyers, ecologists, environmental scientists, political scientists, natural resource managers, planners and civil servants.

    Chapter 1: Introduction

    Andrew L. R. Jackson

    Chapter 2: Recent developments in the implementation of EU nature legislation

    Micheál Ó Briain

    Chapter 3: The requirements for an effective international nature conservation system, and the EU Birds and Habitats Directives

    John Temple Lang

    Chapter 4: Ensuring compliance: regulatory regimes under the EU Nature Directives

    Liam Cashman

    Chapter 5: The margin of appreciation when applying Article 6(3) and (4) of the Habitats Directive

    Christoph Sobotta

    Chapter 6: The trigger for Article 6(3) appropriate assessment: the gateway revisited

    Gregory Jones KC, BL

    Chapter 7: Supporting nature conservation through an ecosystem services policy

    Ian Hodge

    Chapter 8: Judicial Review and nature cases in the UK: current challenges and future opportunities

    Carol Day

    Chapter 9: Science and the interpretation of the EU Habitats Directive by the Court of Justice of the EU: 2+2=5?

    Hendrik Schoukens

    Chapter 10: Strict protection of species in the EU: controversies and trends

    Yaffa Epstein, José Vicente López-Bao and Guillaume Chapron

    Chapter 11: Conservation of areas outside the Natura 2000 network: an historical perspective with an eye to the future

    Andrew L.R. Jackson


    Andrew L. R. Jackson is an Assistant Professor in Environmental and Planning Law in the UCD Sutherland School of Law at University College Dublin, Ireland. He previously worked for the international law firm Slaughter and May in London and Paris; for the UK government's legal service, in the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra); and with NGOs Friends of the Irish Environment and An Taisce, the National Trust for Ireland, where he was Natural Environment Officer and in-house Solicitor. He is the author of Conserving Europe’s Wildlife: Law and Policy of the Natura 2000 Network of Protected Areas (Routledge, 2018).