Negotiating religious diversity, as well as negotiating different forms and degrees of commitment to religious belief and identity, constitutes a major challenge for all societies. Recent developments such as the ‘de-secularisation’ of the world, the transformation and globalisation of religion and the attacks of September 11 have made religious claims and religious actors much more visible in the public sphere. This volume provides multiple perspectives on the processes through which religious communities create or defend their place in a given society, both in history and in our world today.
Offering a critical, cross-disciplinary investigation into processes of negotiating religion and religious diversity, the contributors present new insights on the meaning and substance of negotiation itself. This volume draws on diverse historical, sociological, geographic, legal and political theoretical approaches to take a close look at the religious and political agents involved in such processes as well as the political, social and cultural context in which they take place. Its focus on the European experiences that have shaped not only the history of ‘negotiating religion’ in this region but also around the world, provides new perspectives for critical inquiries into the way in which contemporary societies engage with religion.
This study will be of interest to academics, lawyers and scholars in law and religion, sociology, politics and religious history.
1. Regulating Religious Diversity in Liberal Societies
2. Negotiating Religion: Historical Trajectories
3. Negotiating Religious Difference in Early Modern Europe: Ecclesiastical, Political and Social Processes
Benjamin J. Kaplan
4. Negotiating under Duress: The Expulsion of Salzburg Protestants (1732) and the Jews of Prague (1744)
5. Negotiating Religion in Constitutional Politics and Political Philosophy
6. Can there be a Public Reason of the Heart?
7. The Ethics of Establishment: Fairness and Human Rights as Different Standards of Neutrality
8. Alternative Futures for Formal Church Establishment: Two Case Studies from the UK
Robert M. Morris
9. Everyday Negotiations: Religion in Urban Life
10. Creating Religious Homes in London: Sacralising Space in a Deeply Globalised City
11. Community Organising, Democratic Citizenship and Interfaith Relations
12. Negotiating with Religion from a Legal Perspective
13. Believing in Negotiation: Reflection on Law’s Regulation of Religious Symbols in State Schools
14. New Issues for Negotiation: Schools and Religious Freedom