Negotiation, Collaboration and Conflict in Ancient and Medieval Communities
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Focusing on forms of interaction and methods of negotiation in multicultural, multi-ethnic and multilingual contexts during Antiquity and the Middle Ages, this volume examines questions of social and cultural interaction within and between diverse ethnic communities. Toleration and coexistence were essential in all late antique and medieval societies and their communities. However, power struggles and prejudices could give rise to suspicion, conflict and violence. All of these had a central influence on social dynamics, negotiations of collective or individual identity, definitions of ethnicity, and the shaping of legal rules. What was the function of multicultural and multilingual interaction: did it create and increase conflicts, or was it rather a prerequisite for survival and prosperity? The focus of this book is society and the history of everyday life, examining gender, status and ethnicity, and the various forms of interaction and negotiation.
Table of Contents
Segregation and Integration
1 Difference and Essentialism: The Polemics of Physiognomy in the Later Roman Empire
2 Facing the Barbarian. Vessels in the Form of the Ethnic ‘Other’ in Roman Ostia, and Beyond
3 Cultural borrowing, appropriation, or forgery in a multicultural context – Ostian artefacts with an Egyptian touch
4 The Persecution of Illicit Talk in Thirteenth- and Early Fourteenth-Century Languedoc
Power and Social Competition
5 The Negotiation and Display of Imperial and Provincial Identities in Cos: the Case of Gaius Stertinius Xenophon.
Ghislaine van der Ploeg
6 Roman-Persian Wars in Roman Historiography, from Livy to Procopius: Expressions of Orientalism?
Jaakkojuhani Peltonen and Jussi Rantala
7 Names and identities of Greek elites with Roman citizenship
Urpo Kantola and Tuomo Nuorluoto
8 Neighbours and Strangers? Ostrogoths and Italians during the Gothic War
9 Jewish Inhabitants in Ancient Ostia
10 Differing Displays of Dacian Identity
11 From Byzantine Gentile to Florentine Jew: The Transformation of an Exemplar Conversion
12 ‘At the end of the world and in the throats of our enemies’ – Latin Europeans in Late Medieval Asia
13 Reflections on ‘Neighbors or Strangers’
Christian Krötzl is Professor of Medieval History at the Tampere University, Finland. His research and publications have focused on everyday life, communication, parent-child relations, pilgrimages, miracles, missionary politics and student networks. He has edited, with Katariina Mustakallio, On Old Age. Approaching Death in Antiquity and the Middle Ages (2011), as well as De Amicitia. Friendship and Social Networks in Antiquity and the Middle Ages (2010).
Katariina Mustakallio is Senior Lecturer of History in the Department of History, Philosophy and Literary Studies at the Tampere University, Finland. She is also Adjunct Professor of Ancient History at the universities of Tampere and Turku. She has been Director of the Institutum Romanum Finlandiae in Rome (2009–2013). Her research interests range from the early historiography of Rome to life course studies and from the lived religion to the material life and resilience in Ancient port city of Rome, Ostia. For recent publications, see https://researchportal.tuni.fi/en/publications/
Miikka Tamminen is a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Tampere University, Finland, where he obtained his PhD in 2013. His current research interests include the crusades, the crusade ideology and sermons, as well as the ‘just war’ tradition, and the monstrous races of the Middle Ages. His publications include Crusade Preaching and the Ideal Crusader (2018), and the co-edited book, with Christian Krötzl, Changing Minds. Communication and Influence in the High and Later Middle Ages (2013).