1st Edition

Neoliberalism, Globalization, and Inequalities Consequences for Health and Quality of Life

By Vicente Navarro Copyright 2007
    514 Pages
    by Routledge

    518 Pages
    by Routledge

    Since U.S. President Reagan and U.K. Prime Minister Thatcher, a major ideology (under the name of economic science) has been expanded worldwide that claims that the best policies to stimulate human development are those that reduce the role of the state in economic and social lives: privatizing public services and public enterprises, deregulating the mobility of capital and labor, eliminating protectionism, and reducing public social protection. This ideology, called 'neoliberalism,' has guided the globalization of economic activity and become the conventional wisdom in international agencies and institutions (such as the IMF, World Bank, World Trade Organization, and the technical agencies of the United Nations, including the WHO). Reproduced in the 'Washington consensus' in the United States and the 'Brussels consensus' in the European Union, this ideology has guided policies widely accepted as the only ones possible and advisable.This book assembles a series of articles that challenge that ideology. Written by well-known scholars, these articles question each of the tenets of neoliberal doctrine, showing how the policies guided by this ideology have adversely affected human development in the countries where they have been implemented.

    PART I What Is Neoliberalism?
     Neoliberalism as a Class Ideology; Or, the Political Causes of the Growth of Inequalities Vicente Navarro

    PART II Neoliberalism, Globalization, and the Welfare State Is Globalization Undermining the Welfare State? The Evolution of the Welfare State in Developed Capitalist Countries during the 1990's Vicente Navarro, John Schmitt, and Javier Astudillo

     The Future of the Welfare State: Crisis Myths and Crisis Realities Francis G. Castles

    PART III The Growth of Inequalities
     Should We Worry about Inequality? Robert Hunter Wade

     The Causes of Increasing World Poverty and Inequality; Or, Why the Matthew Effect Prevails Robert Hunter Wade

     Is Globalization Reducing Poverty and Inequality? Robert Hunter Wade

    PART IV Consequences of Neoliberalism and Globalization for Health and Quality of Life
     The Scorecard on Development: 25 Years of Diminished Progress Mark Weisbrot, Dean Baker, and David Rosnick

     The World Health Situation Vicente Navarro

    PART V European Integration and Its Consequences for Health and Quality of Life
     Economic Efficiency versus Social Equality? The U.S. Liberal Model versus the European Social Model Vicente Navarro and John Schmitt

     Is the United States a Good Model for Reducing Social Exclusion in Europe? John Schmitt and Ben Zipperer

    PART VI The Liberal Model in the United States and Its Social Consequences
     Labor Markets and Economic Inequality in the United States Since the End of the 1970s John Schmitt

     The Politics of Health Inequalities Research in the United States Vicente Navarro

    PART VII The Situation in Latin America: Alternatives to Neoliberalism
     An Alternative to the Neoliberal Model in Health: The Case of Venezuela  Oscar Feo and Carlos Eduardo Siqueira

     Venezuela's Barrio Adentro: An Alternative to Neoliberalism in Health Care  Carles Muntaner, RenĂ© M. Guerra Salazar, Joan Benach, and Francisco Armada

    PART VIII The Consequences of Neoliberalism in Africa
     The Dispossession of African Wealth at the Cost of Africa's Health Patrick Bond

     Uneven Health Outcomes and Political Resistance under Residual Neoliberalism in Africa Patrick Bond and George Dor

     The International Monetary Fund and World Bank in Africa: A "Disastrous" Record Demba Moussa Dembele

    PART IX Analysis of Proposed Solutions to Current Health and Social Problems
     A. Critiques of WHO Commissions
     The Sachs Report: Investing in Health for Economic Development-Or Increasing the Size of the Crumbs from the Rich Man's Table? Alison Katz

     Report of the WHO Commission on Macroeconomics and Health: A Critique Debabar Banerji

     Assessment of the World Health Report 2000 Vicente Navarro

     Serious Crisis in the Practice of International Health by the World Health Organization: The Commission on Social Determinants of Health Debabar Banerji

     B. Critique of Neoliberal Solutions to World Poverty
     A Critique of Jeffrey D. Sachs's The End of Poverty Doug Henwood

    Meet the Contributors



    Vicente Navarro is professor of health and public policy, sociology, and policy studies at the Johns Hopkins university, USA, and professor of political and social sciences at the pompeu fabra university, Spain. He has also been professor of economics at Barcelona university, Spain. Dr. Navarro has served as consultant to the united nations and to many of its agencies, such as the who and unicef, and been a member of many international commissions dealing with human development areas. He has written extensively on political economy, public policy, and human development, and his books have been translated into many different languages. his most recent volumes include the political economy o f social inequalities: consequences for health and quality o f life and the politics of health policy.