In the 1970s and following on from the deposition of Salvador Allende, the Chilean dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet installed a radical political and economic system by force which lent heavy privilege to free market capitalism, reduced the power of the state to its minimum and actively suppressed civil society. Chicago economist Milton Friedman was heavily involved in developing this model, and it would be hard to think of a clearer case where ideology has shaped a country over such a long period. That ideology is still very much with us today and has come to be defined as neoliberalism.
This book charts the process as it developed in the Chilean capital Santiago and involves a series of case studies and reflections on the city as a neoliberal construct. The variegated, technocratic and post-authoritarian aspects of the neoliberal turn in Chile serve as a cultural and political milieu. Through the work of urban scholars, architects, activists and artists, a cacophony of voices assemble to illustrate the existing neoliberal urbanism of Santiago and its irreducible tension between polis and civitas in the specific context of omnipresent neoliberalism. Chapters explore multiple aspects of the neoliberal delirium of Santiago: observing the antagonists of this scheme; reviewing the insurgent emergence of alternative and contested practices; and suggesting ways forward in a potential post-neoliberal city.
Refusing an essentialist call, Neoliberalism and Urban Development in Latin America offers an alternative understanding of the urban conditions of Santiago. It will be essential reading to students of urban development, neoliberalism and urban theory, and well as architects, urban planners, geographers, anthropologists, economists, philosophers and sociologists.
List of figures
List of contributors
Forewords Neoliberalims and Santiago between Fabula and Delirium
Camillo Boano and Francisco Vergara Perucich
Chapter 1 Foucault and Agamben in Santiago: governmentality, dispositive and space
Chapter 2 The neoliberal urban utopia of Milton Friedman: Santiago de Chile as its realisation
Francisco Vergara Perucich
Chapter 3 Space production and social exclusion in Greater Santiago under
dictatorship and democracy
Chapter 4 The politico-economic sides of Santiago gentrification
Chapter 5 Urban Universalism: the housing debt in the context of targeted policies
Chapter 6 The mobility regime in Santiago and possibilities of change
Nicolás Valenzuela Levi
Chapter 7 Retail urbanism: the neoliberalization of urban society by consumption in Santiago de Chile
Rosa Liliana De Simone
Chapter 8 Under the politics of deactivation: Culture’s social function in neoliberal Santiago
Francisco J. Díaz
Chapter 9 Transparent processes of urban production in Chile: a case in Pedro Aguirre Cerda District
José Abásolo, Nicolás Verdejo, Félix Reigada (ariztiaLAB)
Chapter 10 Artists self-organization on the context of unregulated transformations in territories, and communities
Chapter 11 Building the Democratic city: a challenge for social movements
Valentina Saavedra, Karen Pradenas, Patricia Kelly, Pascal Volker
Chapter 12 ESPECULOPOLIS, a play in Seven acts. A Story of Celebrations, Displacements, Schizophrenia, Utopias, Colonization and Hangover
Eduardo Pérez, Ignacio Saavedra, Ignacio Rivas, Mathias Klenner, Leandro Cappetto (Grupo TOMA).