This collection brings together essays to address the crisis of Higher Education today, focusing on its neoliberalization. Higher Education has been under assault for several decades as neoliberalism’s preference for market-based reforms sweeps across the US political economy. The recent push for neoliberalizing the academy comes at a time when it is ripe for change, especially as it continues to confront growing financial pressure, particularly in the public sector. The resulting cutbacks in public funding, especially to state universities, led to a variety of debilitating changes: increases in tuition, growing student debt, more students combining working and schooling, declining graduation rates for minorities and low-income students, increased reliance on adjuncts and temporary faculty, and most recently growing interest in mass processing of students via online instruction. While many serious questions arise once we begin to examine what is happening in higher education today, one particularly critical question concerns the implications of these changes on the relationship of education to as yet still unrealized democratic ideals. The 12 essays collected in this volume create important resources for students, faculty, citizens and policymakers who want to find ways to address contemporary threats to the higher education-democracy connection. This book was originally published as a special issue of New Political Science.
Table of Contents
Introduction: The Future of Higher Education and American Democracy Sanford F. Schram
1. Realpolitik in the American University: Charles A. Beard and the Problem of Academic Repression Clyde W. Barrow
2. From E Pluribus Unum to Caveat Emptor: How Neoliberal Policies are Capturing and Dismantling the Liberal University Steven C. Ward
3. Academic Governance and Democratic Processes: The Entrepreneurial Model and Its Discontents Tracy L.R. Lightcap
4. Ideology and the Reform of Public Higher Education Jacob Segal
5. Resisting the Exploitation of Contingent Faculty Labor in the Neoliberal University: The Challenge of Building Solidarity between Tenured and Non-Tenured Faculty Joseph M. Schwartz
6. Contingent Academic Labor Against Neoliberalism Vincent Tirelli
7. The Web We Weave: Online Education and Democratic Prospects Seaton Patrick Tarrant and Leslie Paul Thiele
8. The Changing Democratic Functions of Historically Black Colleges and Universities Clyde Wilcox, JoVita Wells, Georges Haddad and Judith K. Wilcox
9. Open Admission and the Imposition of Tuition at the City University of New York, 1969 – 1976: A Political Economic Case Study for Understanding the Current Crisis in Higher Education Douglas A. Medina
10. Lowering the Basement Floor: From Community Colleges to the For-Profit Revolution Brian Caterino
11. Academic Conservatives and the Future of Higher Education George Ehrhardt
12. Transforming the Game: Democratizing the Publicness of Higher Education and Commonwealth in Neoliberal Times Romand Coles
Sanford F. Schram is Professor of Political Science and Faculty Associate at the Roosevelt House Public Policy Institute at Hunter College, City University of New York, USA. His latest book is The Return to Ordinary Capitalism: Neoliberalism, Precarity, Occupy (2015). Schram is the 2012 recipient of the Charles McCoy Career Achievement Award from the Caucus for a New Political Science.