330 pages | 84 B/W Illus.
‘Sustainable’ urban planning, policy and design professes to solve sustainability problems, but often depletes and degrades ever more resources and ecosystems and concentrates wealth and concretize social disparities. Positive Development theory holds that development could create more net ecological and social gains than no construction at all. It explains how existing conceptual, physical and institutional structures are inherently biased against the preservation and expansion of social and natural life-support systems, and proposes explicit reforms to planning, design and decision making that would enable development to increase future options and social and natural life-support systems - in absolute terms.
Net-Positive Design and Sustainable Urban Development is aimed at students, academics, professionals and sustainability advocates who wonder why existing approaches have been ineffective. It explains how to reform the anti-ecological biases in our current frameworks of environmental governance, planning, decision making and design - and suggests how to make these changes. Cities can increase both the ‘public estate’ (reduce social stratification, inequity and other causes of conflict, increase environmental quality, wellbeing and access to basic needs, etc.); and the ‘ecological base’ (sequester more carbon and produce more energy than used during construction and operation, increase ecological space to support ecological carrying capacity, ecosystem functions and services, restore the bioregions and wilderness, etc.). No small task, this new book provides academic theory and professional tools for saving the planet.
PART I: DESIGN AND ANALYSIS Section A. Introduction to Positive Development Chapter 1. Overview of Net-positive Development Chapter 2. Centrality of the Built Environment in Sustainability Section B. Sustainability Revisited Chapter 3. Sustainability Paradigms in Historical Context Chapter 4. Sustainability and Positive Development Theory Section C. Built Environment Solutions Chapter 5. Eco-positive Retrofitting Chapter 6. Design for Nature Exemplified Section D. Systems Mapping Themes (SMT) Analyses Chapter 7. SMT Analyses for Physical Design Chapter 8. SMT Analyses for Institutional Designs PART II: DECISION MAKING AND ASSESSMENT Section E. Development Governance Chapter 9. Governance and Futures Planning Chapter 10. Development Control and Assessment Section F. Rating Tools Critiqued Chapter 11. Rating Tools and Procedures Chapter 12. Rating Tools and Substance Section G. Eco-positive Design Review (a qualitative tool) Chapter 13. The Eco-positive Design Review (social issues) Chapter 14. The Eco-positive Design Review (ecological issues) Section H. STARfish (a quantitative tool) Chapter 15. The STARfish Tool Described Chapter 16. The STARfish Tool Benchmarks