Neurochemistry of the Vestibular System: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Neurochemistry of the Vestibular System

1st Edition

Edited by Alvin J. Beitz, John H. Anderson

CRC Press

432 pages

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Hardback: 9780849376795
pub: 1999-12-28
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Description

The ability to quantify the sensory stimuli and resulting behavioral responses has enabled researchers over the past thirty years to gain an in-depth understanding of the physiological processes and neural pathways involved in the control of eye and head movements and posture. However, the molecular mechanisms and neurochemical processes that underlie neurotransmission of the vestibular and oculomotor pathways have begun to be defined only during the past decade.

The first book available on this topic, Neurochemistry of the Vestibular System covers the proliferation of new information stemming from the technical advances in the areas of molecular biology and neurochemistry. It analyzes the recent developments in areas that relate to the neurochemical organization of the hair cells in the inner ear, the vestibular nerve, the vestibular nuclear complex, and central afferent and efferent vestibular projections. The book also identifies future directions for research in the areas of neurotransmitters, second messengers, transcription factors, and molecular mechanisms involved with both normal vestibular function and compensation.

Features

Table of Contents

PERSPECTIVES

Overview of the Vestibular System: Anatomy

PERIPHERAL VESTIBULAR TRANSMISSION

Vestibular Hair Cell-Afferent Transmission

Synaptic Transmission by Vestibular Nerve Afferent Fibers

Efferent Vestibular System: Anatomy, Physiology, and Neurochemistry

NEUROCHEMISTRY OF THE VESTIBULAR NUCLEAR COMPLEX

Excitatory Amino Acids and Nitric Oxide in the Vestibular Nuclei

Glutamatergic Transmission in the Medial Vestibular Nucleus

Inhibitory Amino Acid Transmitters in the Vestibular Nuclei

Modulatory Effects of Monoamines on Central Vestibular Neurons: Possible Functional Implications

Neuropeptides Associated with the Vestibular Nuclei

NEUROCHEMICAL MECHANISMS UNDERLYING VESTIBULAR CONTROL OF MOVEMENT and POSTURE

Neuropharmacological Aspects of the Vestibulo-Ocular Reflex

Control of Vestibulo-Spinal and Vestibulor-Ocular Reflexes by Noradrenergic and ACh Systems

Cholinergic Pathways and Functions Related to the Vestibulo-Cerebellum

Physiology and Ultrastructure of Unipolar Brush Cells in the Vestibulocerebellum

NEUROCHEMICAL ORGANIZATION OF SENSORY INPUTS TO THE VESTIBULAR SYSTEM

Neuronal Circuitry and Neurotransmitters in the Pretectal and Accessory Optic Systems

Somatosensory Influences on the Vestibular System

Chemical Comparisons between Central Vestibular and Auditory Systems

NEUROCHEMICAL BASIS OF PLASTICITY AND ADAPTATION

Immediate Early Gene Expression in the Vestibular System

The Contributions of Excitatory and Inhibitory Amino Acid Neurotransmitters to Vestibular Plasticity

SUMMARY

General Concepts and Principles

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
MED005000
MEDICAL / Anatomy
SCI089000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Neuroscience