Neurotechnology in National Security and Defense: Practical Considerations, Neuroethical Concerns is the second volume in the Advances in Neurotechnology series. It specifically addresses the neuroethical, legal, and social issues arising from the use of neurotechnology in national security and defense agendas and applications. Of particular concern are the use of various neurotechnologies in military and intelligence operations training, acquisition of neurobiological and cognitive data for intelligence and security, military medical operations, warfighter performance augmentation, and weaponization of neuroscience and neurotechnology. The contributors discuss the neuroethical questions and problems that these applications generate as well as potential solutions that may be required and developed.
The book examines how developments in neurotechnology in national security and defense agendas are impacted by and affect ethical values and constructs, legal considerations, and overall conduct of the social sphere. Presenting an integrative perspective, leading international experts lay the scientific groundwork and establish the premises necessary to appreciate the ethical aspects of neurotechnology in national security and defense.
It is not a question of "if" neurotechnology will be used in such ways, but when, how, and to what extent. Therefore, it is imperative to foster a deeper understanding of neurotechnology, the problems and debates arising from its use in national security and defense, and how such issues can and should be addressed. In doing so, we can guide and govern the use of these innovative neurotechnologies in ways that uphold ethical accountability.
Table of Contents
Neurotechnology, Global Relations, and National Security: Shifting Contexts and Neuroethical Demands; James Giordano
Transitioning Brain Research: From Bench to Battlefield; Steve Murray and Matthew A. Yanagi
Neural Systems in Intelligence and Training Applications; Kay M. Stanney, Kelly S. Hale, Sven Fuchs, Angela (Baskin) Carpenter, and Chris Berka
Neurocognitive Engineering for Systems’ Development; Kelvin S. Oie and Kaleb McDowell
Neural Mechanisms as Putative Targets for Warfighter Resilience and Optimal Performance; Martin P. Paulus, Lori Haase, Douglas C. Johnson, Alan N.Simmons, Eric G. Potterat, Karl Van Orden, and Judith L. Swain
Neurotechnology and Operational Medicine; Carey D. Balaban
"NEURINT" and Neuroweapons: Neurotechnologies in National Intelligence and Defense; Rachel Wurzman and James Giordano
Brain Brinksmanship: Devising Neuroweapons Looking at Battlespace, Doctrine, and Strategy; Robert McCreight
Issues of Law Raised by Developments and Use of Neuroscience and Neurotechnology in National Security
and Defense; James P. Farwell
Neuroscience, National Security, and the Reverse Dual-Use Dilemma; Gary E. Marchant and Lyn M. Gaudet
Neuroskepticism: Rethinking the Ethics of Neuroscience
and National Security; Jonathan H. Marks and Edmond J. Safra
Prison Camp or "Prison Clinic?": Biopolitics, Neuroethics, and National Security; Kyle Thomsen
Between Neuroskepticism and Neurogullibility: The Key Role of Neuroethics in the Regulation and Mitigation
of Neurotechnology in National Security and Defense; Paolo Benanti
Why Neuroscientists Should Take the Pledge: A Collective Approach to the Misuse of Neuroscience; Curtis Bell
Military Neuroenhancement and Risk Assessment; Keith Abney, Patrick Lin, and Maxwell Mehlman
Can (and Should) We Regulate Neurosecurity?: Lessons from History; James Tabery
Engaging Neuroethical Issues Generated by the Use of Neurotechnology in National Security and Defense:
Toward Process, Methods, and Paradigm; Rochelle E. Tractenberg, Kevin T. FitzGerald,
and James Giordano
Postscript: A Neuroscience and National Security Normative Framework for the Twenty-First Century; William D. Casebeer
James Giordano, PhD, is Chief of the Neuroethics Studies Program of the Edmund D. Pellegrino Center for Clinical Bioethics; is a professor on the faculties of the Division of Integrative Physiology/Department of Biochemistry, Interdisciplinary Program in Neuroscience, and Graduate Liberal Studies Program at Georgetown University, Washington, D.C.; and is a Senior Fellow of the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies, a Washington D.C. area think tank devoted to the analysis and guidance of emerging science and technology. He serves on the Neuroethics, Legal and Social Issues Advisory Panel for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), and is a Fellow of the Center for National Preparedness at the University of Pittsburgh, PA. His ongoing research addresses the neuroscience of pain, neuropsychiatric spectrum disorders, the neural bases of moral cognition and action, and the neuroethical issues arising in neuroscientific and neurotechnological research and its applications in medicine, public life, global relations, and national security. In recognition of his ongoing work, he was awarded Germany’s Klaus Reichert Prize in Medicine and Philosophy (with longtime collaborator Dr. Roland Benedikter); was named National Distinguished Lecturer of both Sigma Xi, the national research honor society, and IEEE; and was elected to the European Academy of Sciences and Arts.