This book sheds new light on the foreign policies, roles, and positions of neutral states and the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) in the global Cold War.
The volume places the neutral states and the NAM in the context of the Cold War and demonstrates the links between the East, the West, and the so-called Third World. In doing so, this collection provides readers an alternative way of exploring the evolution and impact of the Cold War on North-South connections that challenges traditional notions of the post-1945 history of international relations. The various contributions are framed against the backdrop of the evolution of the Cold War international system and the decolonization process in the Southern hemisphere. By juxtaposing the policies of European neutrals and countries of the NAM, this book offers new perspectives on the evolution of the Cold War. With the links between these two groups of countries receiving very little attention in Cold War scholarship, the volume thus offers a window into a hitherto neglected perspective on the Cold War. Via a series of case studies, the chapters here present new viewpoints on the evolution of the global Cold War through the exploration of the ensuing internal and (mainly) external policy choices of these nations.
This book will be of much interest to students of Cold War Studies, international history, foreign policy, security studies and IR in general.
Introduction, Marco Wyss, Jussi M. Hanhimäki, Sandra Bott, and Janick Marina Schaufelbuehl PART I: THE EVOLUTION OF NEUTRALITY AND NON-ALIGNMENT 1. Non-Aligned to What? European Neutrality and the Cold War, Jussi M. Hanhimäki 2. Roots of the Non-Aligned Movement in Neutralism Foreign Policies: Yugoslavia, Finland and the Soviet Political Border with Europe 1948-1961, Rinna Elina Kullaa 3. The Bandung Conference: Ideological Conflict and the Limitations of US Propaganda, Eric D. Pullin 4. "Companions in Misfortune": From Passive Neutralism to Active Un-commitment – the Critical Role of Yugoslavia, Svetozar Rajak 5. The Non-Alignment, 1961-1974, Lorenz M. Lüthi 6. "Third World Begins to Flex its Muscles": The Non-Aligned Movement and the North-South-Conflict during the 1970s, Jürgen Dinkel PART II: NEUTRALITY AND NEUTRALISM IN PRACTICE 7. An Austrian Mediation in Vietnam? The Superpowers, Neutrality, and Kurt Waldheim’s Good Offices, Wolfgang Mueller and Maximilian Graf 8. The Non-Aligned Movement, the Neutral European Countries, and the Issue of Namibian Independence, Chris Saunders 9. Neutrality Unbound: Sweden, Foreign Aid and the Rise of the Non-Aligned Third World, Nikolas Glover 10. Neutrality as a Business Strategy: Switzerland and Latin America in the Cold War, Ursina Bentele and Sacha Zala 11. Cubans in Angola. Internationalist Solidarity, Transfers and Interactions in the Global South 1975-1991, Christine Hatzky Conclusion: Neutrality and Nonalignment During and Beyond the Cold War, Jussi M. Hanhimäki