Reasoning research has long been associated with paper and pencil tasks in which peoples’ reasoning skills are judged against established normative conventions. However, there has been a recent revolution in the range of techniques, empirical methods and paradigms used to examine reasoning behaviour. New Approaches in Reasoning Research brings to the fore these new pioneering research methods and empirical findings.
Each chapter is written by a world-leading expert in the field and covers a variety of broad empirical techniques and new approaches to reasoning research. Maintaining a high level of integrity and rigor throughout, Editors De Neys and Osman have allowed the experts included here the space to think big about the general issues concerning their work, to point out potential implications and speculate on further developments. Such freedom can only help to stimulate discussion and spark creative thinking.
The use of these new methods and paradigms are already generating a new understanding of how we reason, as such this book should appeal to researchers and students of Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology, and Neuroscience along with Cognitive Scientists, and anyone interested in the latest developments in reasoning, rationality, bias, and thinking.
Table of Contents
1. Wim De Neys, New Approaches In Reasoning Research: An Introduction. 2. Melanie Stollstorff, Genes Of Rationality: Building Blocks For The Neurobiology Of Reasoning. 3. Bastien Trémolière & Jean-François Bonnefon, The Rationality Of Mortals: Thoughts Of Death Disrupt Analytic Processing. 4. Grégoire Borst, Sylvain Moutier, & Olivier Houdé, Negative Priming In Logicomathematical Reasoning: The Cost Of Blocking Your Intuition. 5. Linden Ball, Eye-Tracking and Reasoning: What Your Eyes Tell About Your Inferences. 6. Maria Augustinova, Self-Perception and Reasoning: How Perceiving Yourself as Rational Makes You Less Biased. 7. Vittorio Girotto, Probabilistic Reasoning: Rational Expectations in Young Children and Infants. 8. Magda Osman, Reasoning Research: Where Was It Going? Where Is It Now? Where Will It Be Going?
Wim De Neys earned his Ph.D. in Cognitive Psychology from the University of Leuven, Belgium, in May 2003. Before being recruited as a tenured CNRS research scientist in France he worked as a post-doc at the University of California Santa Barbara, York University Toronto, Canada and the University of Leuven, Belgium. He is currently serving as Associate Editor for Psychonomic Bulletin & Review and Consulting Editor for the journals Memory & Cognition and Thinking & Reasoning.
Magda Osman earned her Ph.D. in Psychology from Brunel University, London, 2001. She spent six years as a research fellow at University College London, where she continues to be an honorary research fellow. She now has a senior lectureship position at Queen Mary University of London. She is serving as Associate Editor for Experimental Psychology and consults on several national and international research council panels.