New Directions in Literary History
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First published in 1974, New Directions in Literary History is a comprehensive attempt to present approaches to literary studies that have developed from phenomenology, stylistics and linguistics, Marxist reconsiderations of literature, interdisciplinary studies and analysis of reader response. Written by an international group of scholars, the essays are taken from the pages of New Literary History. They range from the Middle Ages to contemporary literature.
European and American literary critics are here represented, together with an art critic, a philosopher and a novelist. Their essays deal with crucial problems in the study of literature: the relationship of the contemporary critic to works of the past; the place of method in literary study; how reading takes place; the role of the reader in different literary periods in providing a guide to interpretation; the language of literature and its relation to natural or ordinary language; the origin and decline of literary forms; and what constitutes literature, especially in the relation between fictional character and autobiography. Although the essays are essentially concerned with theoretical issues, they also examine the practical applications to literature. Students of English literature and literary theory will find this book particularly interesting.
Table of Contents
Notes on Contributors Introduction Ralph Cohen 1. Literary History as a Challenge to Literary Theory Hans Robert Jaus 2. Past Significance and Present Meaning in Literary History Robert Weimann 3. Some Observations on Method in Literary Studies D. W. Robertson, Jr 4. The Life and Death of Literary Forms Alastair Fowler 5. History-Writing as Answerable Style Geoffrey H. Hartman 6. History and Fiction as Modes of Comprehension Louis O. Mink 7. The Reading Process: A Phenomenological Approach Wolfgang Iser 8. The Stylistic Approach to Literary History Michael Riffaterre 9. Poetry as Fiction Barbara Herrnstein Smith 10. The Limits of Literature Henryk Markiewicz 11. Ut Pictura Noesis? Criticism in Literary Studies and Art History Svetlana and Paul Alpers 12. Notes for an Anatomy of Modern Autobiography Francis R. Hart 13. Dreaming with Adam: Notes on Imaginary History George Garrett