Questions about land control have invigorated thinkers in agrarian studies and economic history since the nineteenth century. ‘Exclusion’, ‘alienation’, ‘expropriation’, ‘dispossession’, and ‘violence’ animate histories of land use, property rights, and territories. More recently, agrarian environments have been transformed by processes of de-agrarianization, urbanization, migration, and new forms of primitive accumulation. Even the classic agrarian question of how the social relations of agriculture will be influenced by capitalism has been reformulated at critical historical moments, reviving or producing new debates around the importance of land control.
The authors in this volume focus on new frontiers of land control and their active creation. These frontiers are sites where established power relationships are challenged by new enclosures and property regimes, producing new social and environmental dynamics in their stead. Contributors examine labor and production processes engaged by new configurations of actors, new agrarian and environmental subjects and the networks connecting them, and new legal and violent means of challenging established or imminent land controls. Overall we find that land control still matters, though in changed degrees and manners. Land control will continue to inspire struggles for a long time.
This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Peasant Studies.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: New Frontiers of Land Control 2. Conservation Practice as Primitive Accumulation 3. Territorialization, Enclosure and Neoliberalism: Non-State Influence in Struggles over Madagascar’s Forests 4. Making Spaces, Making Subjects: Land, Enclosure and Islam in Colonial Malaya 5. Ceasefire Capitalism: Military-Private Partnerships, Resource Concessions, and Military-State Building in the Burma-China Borderlands 6. The Rifle and the Title: Paramilitary Violence, Land Grab and Land Control in Colombia 7. Privatizing the Tzuultaq'a? Private Property and Spiritual Reproduction in Post-War Guatemala 8. Emergent Forest and Private Land Regimes in Java 9. Land Grabs, Land Control, and Southeast Asian Crop Booms 10. Carbon Forestry and Agrarian Change: Access and Land Control in a Mexican Rainforest 11. Fragmented Sovereignty: Land Reform and Dispossession in Laos
Nancy Lee Peluso is Henry J. Vaux Distinguished Professor of Forest Policy and Professor of Society and Environment in the Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management at the University of California, USA. She is Co-Director of the Berkeley Workshop in Environmental Politics.Christian Lund is Professor of Development Studies at Roskilde University, Denmark and the Director of the Research Unit, ProCit (Property and Citizenship in Developing Societies).