1st Edition

New Histories of South Africa's Apartheid-Era Bantustans

Edited By Shireen Ally, Arianna Lissoni Copyright 2017
    236 Pages
    by Routledge

    236 Pages
    by Routledge

    The bantustans – or ‘homelands’ – were created by South Africa’s apartheid regime as ethnically-defined territories for Africans. Granted self-governing and ‘independent’ status by Pretoria, they aimed to deflect the demands for full political representation by black South Africans and were shunned by the anti-apartheid movement. In 1972, Steve Biko wrote that ‘politically, the bantustans are the greatest single fraud ever invented by white politicians’. With the end of apartheid and the first democratic elections of 1994, the bantustans formally ceased to exist, but their legacies remain inscribed in South Africa’s contemporary social, cultural, political, and economic landscape. While the older literature on the bantustans has tended to focus on their repressive role and political illegitimacy, this edited volume offers new approaches to the histories and afterlives of the former bantustans in South Africa by a new generation of scholars. This book was originally published as various special issues of the South African Historical Journal.

    Preface: ‘Let’s Talk About Bantustans’ Shireen Ally and Arianna Lissoni

    Introduction – Beyond ‘Homelands’: Some Ideas about the History of African Rural Areas in South Africa William Beinart

    1. ‘The Bandwagon of Golden Opportunities’? Healthcare in South Africa’s Bantustan Periphery Anne Digby

    2. The Renewal of Community Health under the KwaZulu ‘Homeland’ Government Elizabeth Hull

    3. Bantustan Education History: The ‘Progressivism’ of Bophutatswana’s Primary Education Upgrade Programme (PEUP), 1979-1988 Linda Chisholm

    4. Witchcraft and the South African Bantustans: Evidence from Bushbuckridge Isak Niehaus

    5. Ethnic Separatism or Cultural Preservation? Ndebele Radio under Apartheid, 1983-1994 Sekibakiba Peter Lekgoathi

    6. Rural Reggae: The Politics of Performance in the Former ‘Homeland’ of Venda Fraser G. McNeill

    7. Bophuthatswana and the North-West Province: From Pan-Tswanaism to Mineral-Based Ethnic Assertiveness Andrew Manson and Bernard Mbenga

    8. ‘If you are hungry, and a man promises you mealies, will you not follow him?’ South African Swazi Ethnic Nationalism, 1931-1986 Shireen Ally

    9. South Africa’s Bantustans and the Dynamics of ‘Decolonisation’: Reflections on Writing Histories of the Homelands Laura Evans


    10. Autobiography of an Underground Political Activist Vha-Musanda Vho-Shandukani Mudzunga (Manapule)

    11. KaNgwane: A Life in and Beyond Mabhuza Simeon Ginindza

    12. Bophuthatswana and the North-West Province: The Role of the Joint Administrators Tebogo Job Mokgoro


     Shireen Ally teaches in the Department of Sociology, and contributes research to the NRF Chair in Local Histories and Present Realities, at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

    Arianna Lissoni is a Researcher in the History Workshop at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. She is one of the editors of the South African Historical Journal. Her research interests are South African liberation struggle history and politics