New Immigration Destinations: Migrating to Rural and Peripheral Areas, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

New Immigration Destinations

Migrating to Rural and Peripheral Areas, 1st Edition

By Ruth McAreavey


216 pages | 8 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780415540056
pub: 2017-11-02
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pub: 2017-06-26
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Current population movements involve both established and new destinations, often encompassing marginal and rural communities and resulting in a whole new set of issues for these communities. New Immigration Destinations examines structural forces along with individual strategies and behaviour to highlight the opportunities and challenges for ‘new’ destination areas arising from new economic and cultural mobility.

Representing a 'second wave' in studies of in-migration, this volume examines patterns in 'non-traditional' rural and peripheral migration destinations, with a particular focus on Northern Ireland. By examining events in the host city, this book shows how processes of migrant incorporation are complex and rely on multifarious influences, including the state, community, individuals and families. Accordingly, the book scrutinises theories of migration and social integration within rural/peripheral destinations. This subsequently provides clarification of many of the contested concepts, including transnationalism; integration, acculturation and assimilation; ‘new’ destinations; and migrants and ethnic minorities.

Focusing on the local and the micro within a context of social and policy reality, this timely volume critically engages with original theories of migration, thus providing a much fuller conceptual and theoretical understanding for an emerging field of migration studies within a rapidly changing and uncertain world. This book’s interdisciplinary nature will appeal to policymakers, scholars and both undergraduate and postgraduate students in a range of disciplines, including Sociology (Race and Ethnic Studies), Human Geography (Migration, Demography), Political Economy and Community Development.


New Immigration Destinations is a timely book that provides a new epistemological framework and theoretical lens for understanding social exclusion among transnational migrants. Ruth McAreavey, the consummate ethnographer, refocuses our attention on rural and small town destinations as neglected settings for immigrant reception and incorporation. She highlights the lived experiences of immigrants in peripheral areas of Northern Ireland, but provides compelling lessons and a template for research across Europe and rural areas in North America and Oceania.

Daniel T. Lichter is the Ferris Family professor in the Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Professor of Sociology, and the Robert S. Harrison Director of Cornell's Institute for the Social Sciences, USA

This timely and engaging book is an invaluable resource for migration researchers. Its focus is migrant experiences in Northern Ireland, a New Immigrant Destination, but its significance is much broader. This is required reading for anyone interested in migration research that is theoretically insightful, rich in empirical detail, and ethically informed.

Mary Gilmartin, Professor of Geography, Maynooth University, Ireland

Northern Ireland, at the UK’s periphery, and a post-conflict society, is an intriguing, and unlikely destination for international migration. Based on seven years of intensive field work, McAreavy documents migration to Northern Ireland, and examines the localized ways in which migrant incorporation occurs and the challenges that arise for migrants themselves and their new communities. By focusing on migrants’ everyday experiences, the book examines various zones of inclusion and exclusion including the labor market, workplace, community, and civil society. This innovative case study is indispensable reading for scholars of migration in today’s globally integrated world.

David Brown, Professor of Development Sociology, Cornell University, USA

Table of Contents

Chapter One: introduction and overview *

Introduction *

New Immigration Destinations *

Northern Ireland as a NID *

Aims of the book *

Structure of the book *

Chapter Two: The migration kaleidoscope: patterns and processes *

Macro influences *

New political movements and migration *

Migration governance *

Global flows of migrants *

Migrants escaping severe hardships *

Moving for work *

New Immigration Destinations in a Global Context *

New arrivals, new geographies *

Unfolding relations in NIDs *

Migration strategies and decisions *

Balancing the ‘cost’ and benefits of being a migrant *

The benefits of migration: sending and receiving nations *

Conclusion *

Chapter 3 Conceptualising New Immigration Destinations *

Introduction *

Contemporary migration flows *

Terminology and language *

Defining migrants and migration/ migrants and legality *

Deploying labels and migration discourse *

Social construction of migrants *

Essentialising *

Second generation identities *

Conceptualising processes of incorporation *

Assimilation theories *

Alternative frameworks for migrant incorporation *

New concepts for understanding migration *

Superdiversity *

Tools for Analysing NIDs *

Towards a Typology for New Immigration Destinations *

Chapter Four: Ethical and methodological considerations *

Accountability in research *

A professional ethical approach *

How to (re)present migrants’ ‘real’ interests *

Migrants, power relations and society *

Relations with the research community: recruiting participants and gaining access *

The ethics of participation *

Ethics of payments *

Choosing to participate: external prompts and internal motivators *

Community motivations, mutual interests and cultural sensitivity *

Relying on Gatekeepers *

Gatekeeper negotiations *

Communication and rapport *

Nurturing relationships with the researched *

Positionality *

Language and interpretation *

Final comments *

Chapter Five: Northern Ireland: a context for immigration *

A snapshot of migration flows to Northern Ireland *

Northern Ireland: jurisdiction and political context *

Government in Northern Ireland *

Brexit *

Identifying the ‘community’ in Northern Ireland *

Migrants in Northern Ireland *

Contested territory; conflicting social relations *

Settlement patterns *

Housing patterns *

Longer term trends *

An ageing society? *

Emerging challenges for Northern Ireland *

Chapter Six Local boundaries: inclusionary or exclusionary? *

State action: integrating or impeding? *

Boundaries between social groups *

Migration boundaries *

The paradox of migration governance: USA and Canada *

The European Union and labour mobility *

EU Migrants *

Non-EU migrants in the UK *

Uncertain and shifting boundaries *

Conclusions *

Chapter Seven: The role of language in migrants’ integration *

Language as vehicle for migrant incorporation *

Language and culture *

Family relations *

Cultural sensitivity, languages and service provision in a new immigration destination *

Effectiveness of interpretation and interpreters *

Availability of interpretation *

Appropriate service delivery *

Service provision and cultural sensitivity *

Acquiring and using the new language *

Language as a gateway? *

Families, language and belonging *

Conclusions *

Chapter Eight: Migrants’ in the labour market: strategies to gain recognition *

Migrants and the economy *

Unraveling exclusion in the labour market *

Measuring inequalities *

Understanding migrant inequalities in the economy *

Local context: Northern Ireland, the economy and equality legislation *

The Northern Irish Economy *

Future developments *

Brexit *

Equality legislation and policy measures *

Racial equality and race relations *

Good (community) relations *

Irish migrants in global flows *

Shaping demand for migrant workers *

Migrants in the Northern Irish Economy *

Inequalities in the labour market *

Labour market segmentation *

Inclusion in the labour market *

Recognition in the labour market *

Conclusions *

Chapter Nine: Bolstering social income *

Social income in a NID *

Interconnecting inequalities *

State and welfare support *

Problems at the ‘front desk’ *

Beyond the workplace: blocking and boosting social income *

Structural challenges *

Third sector agencies *

Support from friends and family *

Conclusions *

Chapter Ten: Final thoughts *

About the Author


Ruth McAreavey is a senior lecturer in Sociology at Newcastle University, UK.

About the Series

Routledge Advances in Sociology

This series presents cutting-edge developments and debates within the field of sociology. It provides a broad range of case studies and the latest theoretical perspectives, while covering a variety of topics, theories and issues from around the world. It is not confined to any particular school of thought.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Emigration & Immigration
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Sociology / General
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Sociology / Rural