Current population movements involve both established and new destinations, often encompassing marginal and rural communities and resulting in a whole new set of issues for these communities. New Immigration Destinations examines structural forces along with individual strategies and behaviour to highlight the opportunities and challenges for ‘new’ destination areas arising from new economic and cultural mobility.
Representing a 'second wave' in studies of in-migration, this volume examines patterns in 'non-traditional' rural and peripheral migration destinations, with a particular focus on Northern Ireland. By examining events in the host city, this book shows how processes of migrant incorporation are complex and rely on multifarious influences, including the state, community, individuals and families. Accordingly, the book scrutinises theories of migration and social integration within rural/peripheral destinations. This subsequently provides clarification of many of the contested concepts, including transnationalism; integration, acculturation and assimilation; ‘new’ destinations; and migrants and ethnic minorities.
Focusing on the local and the micro within a context of social and policy reality, this timely volume critically engages with original theories of migration, thus providing a much fuller conceptual and theoretical understanding for an emerging field of migration studies within a rapidly changing and uncertain world. This book’s interdisciplinary nature will appeal to policymakers, scholars and both undergraduate and postgraduate students in a range of disciplines, including Sociology (Race and Ethnic Studies), Human Geography (Migration, Demography), Political Economy and Community Development.
Table of Contents
Chapter One: introduction and overview *
New Immigration Destinations *
Northern Ireland as a NID *
Aims of the book *
Structure of the book *
Chapter Two: The migration kaleidoscope: patterns and processes *
Macro influences *
New political movements and migration *
Migration governance *
Global flows of migrants *
Migrants escaping severe hardships *
Moving for work *
New Immigration Destinations in a Global Context *
New arrivals, new geographies *
Unfolding relations in NIDs *
Migration strategies and decisions *
Balancing the ‘cost’ and benefits of being a migrant *
The benefits of migration: sending and receiving nations *
Chapter 3 Conceptualising New Immigration Destinations *
Contemporary migration flows *
Terminology and language *
Defining migrants and migration/ migrants and legality *
Deploying labels and migration discourse *
Social construction of migrants *
Second generation identities *
Conceptualising processes of incorporation *
Assimilation theories *
Alternative frameworks for migrant incorporation *
New concepts for understanding migration *
Tools for Analysing NIDs *
Towards a Typology for New Immigration Destinations *
Chapter Four: Ethical and methodological considerations *
Accountability in research *
A professional ethical approach *
How to (re)present migrants’ ‘real’ interests *
Migrants, power relations and society *
Relations with the research community: recruiting participant
Ruth McAreavey is a senior lecturer in Sociology at Newcastle University, UK.
New Immigration Destinations is a timely book that provides a new epistemological framework and theoretical lens for understanding social exclusion among transnational migrants. Ruth McAreavey, the consummate ethnographer, refocuses our attention on rural and small town destinations as neglected settings for immigrant reception and incorporation. She highlights the lived experiences of immigrants in peripheral areas of Northern Ireland, but provides compelling lessons and a template for research across Europe and rural areas in North America and Oceania.
Daniel T. Lichter is the Ferris Family professor in the Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Professor of Sociology, and the Robert S. Harrison Director of Cornell's Institute for the Social Sciences, USA
This timely and engaging book is an invaluable resource for migration researchers. Its focus is migrant experiences in Northern Ireland, a New Immigrant Destination, but its significance is much broader. This is required reading for anyone interested in migration research that is theoretically insightful, rich in empirical detail, and ethically informed.
Mary Gilmartin, Professor of Geography, Maynooth University, Ireland
Northern Ireland, at the UK’s periphery, and a post-conflict society, is an intriguing, and unlikely destination for international migration. Based on seven years of intensive field work, McAreavy documents migration to Northern Ireland, and examines the localized ways in which migrant incorporation occurs and the challenges that arise for migrants themselves and their new communities. By focusing on migrants’ everyday experiences, the book examines various zones of inclusion and exclusion including the labor market, workplace, community, and civil society. This innovative case study is indispensable reading for scholars of migration in today’s globally integrated world.
David Brown, Professor of Development Sociology, Cornell U