Social policy in modern industrialised societies is increasingly challenged by new social risks. These include insecure employment resulting from ever more volatile labour markets, new family and gender relationships resulting from the growing participation of women in the labour market, and the many problems resulting from very much longer human life expectancy. Whereas once social policy had to be in step with a standardised, relatively stable and predictable life course, it now has to cope with non-standardised individual preferences, life courses and families, and the consequent increased risks and uncertainties. This book examines these new life courses and their impact on social policy across a range of East Asian societies. It shows how governments and social welfare institutions have been slow to respond to the new challenges. In response, we propose a life-course sensitised policy as an approach to manage these risks. Overall, the book provides many new insights which will assist advance social policy in East Asia.
Introduction PART 1: Changes in Transitions 2. Extended transitions to adulthood in Japan: Labour market flexibilization and the weakness of social security for young people Akihiko Higuchi 3. Social Policies Addressing the Transition from School to Work of Post-Secondary Graduates in Taiwan: A Social Investment Perspective Chih-lung Huang 4. Will Dreams Come True? The Transformation of Social Inequality Structures in Cambodia – Experiences of a New Generation of Youth Managing the Uncertainties of Their Life Course Chivoin Peou and Jens O. Zinn PART 2: Competing Demands 5. Reconciling Work and Family in Taiwan: Problems and Policies Pei-Yuen Tsai 6. The Double Responsibilities of Care in Japan: Emerging New Social Risks for Women Providing both Childcare and care for the Elderly Junko Yamashita and Naoko Soma 7. Migrant Workers in the New Eldercare Mix in South Korea Seong-gee Um PART 3: Alternative Ways of Living 8. Families at Risk: The Lived Experience of Lone Mothers in Hong Kong Kam Wah Chan and Ka Man Lo 9. The Material Contradictions of Proletarian Patriarchy under Condensed Capitalist Industrialization: The Instability in the Working Life Course of Male Breadwinners and Its Familial Ramifications Choi Sun-Young and Chang Kyung-Sup 10. Re-employment after Retirement: Activation Strategies for Older People in Taiwan Hsiu-Jen Yeh , Shu-Er Wei, and Jen-Der Lue 11. Female Individualization and Implications on Social Policy in Hong Kong Raymond K H Chan and Ran Duan 12. Life-course Sensitised Policy as Risk Management: Directions and Strategies in East Asia Raymond K H Chan, Jens O Zinn and Lih-Rong Wang