This book offers a detailed survey on major archaeological discoveries in the Near and Middle East. This classic account focuses on the findings in three great centers of ancient civilization: Egypt, Sumer, and the Indus valley.
Professor Childe discusses the excavation of the three cities of Mohenjo-daro and Chanhu-daro on the Indus and Harappa on the Ravi, and what these sites have revealed about Indian civilization in the third millennium B.C. He describes the findings at the numerous tells between Mesopotamia and the Indus basin, and in the three provinces of the Fertile Crescent; the succession of cultures in pre-dynastic Egypt and the rise of the Pharaohs; the findings at Ur and Kish and the development of an urban civilization in Mesopotamia. Throughout the text, the author sets forth the step-by-step gathering of precise archaeological evidence, relating these findings both to the context of their particular culture and to the larger context of the origins of European history.
Preface 1. From History to Prehistory 2. The Setting of the Stage 3. The Oldest Egyptian Farmers 4. Africans and Asiatics on the Nile 5. The Rise of the Pharaohs 6. The Colonization of Mesopotamia 7. The Urban Revolution in Mesopotamia 8. The Early Dynastic Period 9. Indian Civilization in the Third Millennium B.C. 10. From the Tigris to the Indus 11. Between the Horns of the Fertile Crescent 12. Proofs of Diffusion
Reissuing works originally published between 1930 and 1996, this set presents a rich selection of renowned and lesser-known scholarship across the subject. Classic previously out-of-print works are brought back into print here in this set of research, guidance and surveys. It includes works of theory and of practical research, ranging over a wide range of themes from archaeology and place-names to industrial archaeology to the rock art of Africa.