New Perspectives in Indian Science and Civilization: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

New Perspectives in Indian Science and Civilization

1st Edition

Edited by Makarand Paranjape

Routledge India

288 pages

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Hardback: 9781138342859
pub: 2019-04-30
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This book examines aspects of the history, philosophy and culture of science in India. It explores how these ideas may be encompassed in the idea of civilization. The interdisciplinary essays in the volume discuss a range of issues — including scientism and religious dogmas; dialectics of faith and knowledge; pursuit of science under colonial conditions; science and study of grammar; western science and Indian systems of logic, metaphysics and methodology; as also classical texts such as the Mahabharata — withinthe framework of the distinctiveness of Indian culture and its indigenous evolution.

With its diverse themes and original approach, this book will be of interest to scholars and researchers in the fields of science and religion, philosophy, history, cultural studies, India studies and South Asian studies.


"This is a much-needed volume that traces the links between science, spirituality, culture and society in the Indian context. How universal is science? Is the truth as sought by scientists absolute? What indeed is science itself? These and more questions are admirably probed by the several authors of this volume, which is ably edited by Makarand Paranjape."

Gautam R. Desiraju, Professor, Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru, India

"While the scientific method is universal, the domains of scientific inquiry, the embedding of scientific results and their philosophical framings are all civilization- and even culture-specific. The present volume is an admirable attempt to elucidate many of the critical links between the domains of Science and the Civilization of India. It is sure to catalyze substantial further inquiry."

Shailendra Raj Mehta, President, Director, and Distinguished Professor of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, MICA, Ahmedabad, India

Table of Contents



Sharad Deshpande

Prologue: Indian Psyche and Science

Swami Sarvabhutananda



1. Introduction

Makarand R. Paranjape


2. Science and Spirituality: Is There a Common Ground?

K. Ramakrishna Rao


3. Dialectics of Culture and Science

R. P. Singh


4. Culture and Science in Twenty-first Century India

V. V. Raman


5. Modern Science in India and the Emergence of a New Worldview: Challenges and Opportunities

Job Kozhamthadam


6. Science and Spirituality vs Science and Development

John Bosco Lourdusamy


7. Knowledge and Science in the Context of Indian Languages

Probal Dasgupta


8. Indian Deductive System: The Logical Basis for Indian Sciences

Nirmalya Guha


9. Motion Interpreted: A Bridge between Science and Spirituality

Madhumita Chattopadhyay


10. Indian Science and Semiotics: Some Reflections

Sreekala M. Nair


11. Integral Non-dualism and Modern Science: Some Reflections

Debabrata Sensharma


12. Principles of Plant Taxonomy: A Fresh Insight into the Ancient Indian Methodology and Philosophy of Naming and Classifying Medicinal Plants

Sampadananda Mishra


13. A Macro-Micro Systems Approach to Frame Holistic Studies on the Culture and Philosophy of Science in India

Joy Sen


14. Moral Responsibility Beyond Compatibilism: An Indian Appropriation of Libet’s Neuroscientific Findings 

Augustine Pamplany


15. Science and Spirituality from the Perspective of the Mahabharata

Sitanshu Chakravarty

16. Revisiting Concepts of Health and Disease: Evolution, Philosophy, and Integration

Bhushan Patwardhan


17. A Connecticut Yankee in Indira’s Court: A Brief Account of Modern Indian Science

Raman Srinivasan



About the Editor

Makarand R. Paranjape is Director, Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla, India. He was previously Professor of English at the Centre for English Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India. He was also the inaugural Eric Auerbach Visiting Chair in Global Literary Studies at the University of Tubingen, Germany, and served as the first ICCR Chair in Indian Studies at the National University of Singapore. He was educated at St. Stephen’s College, University of Delhi (BA Hons.) and received his postgraduate and doctoral degrees at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA. He is the author/editor of numerous books which include works of criticism, poetry and fiction, and has published over a hundred academic papers in books or journals. His latest works include Debating the 'Post' Condition in India: Critical Vernaculars, Unauthorized Modernities, Post-Colonial Contentions (2017), Cultural Politics in Modern India (2016), The Death and Afterlife of Mahatma Gandhi (2015), Making India: Colonialism, National Culture, and Indian English Literature (2015), and Acts of Faith: Journeys to Sacred India (2012).

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
RELIGION / Philosophy
RELIGION / Religion & Science