This book examines aspects of the history, philosophy and culture of science in India. It explores how these ideas may be encompassed in the idea of civilization. The interdisciplinary essays in the volume discuss a range of issues — including scientism and religious dogmas; dialectics of faith and knowledge; pursuit of science under colonial conditions; science and study of grammar; western science and Indian systems of logic, metaphysics and methodology; as also classical texts such as the Mahabharata — withinthe framework of the distinctiveness of Indian culture and its indigenous evolution.
With its diverse themes and original approach, this book will be of interest to scholars and researchers in the fields of science and religion, philosophy, history, cultural studies, India studies and South Asian studies.
"This is a much-needed volume that traces the links between science, spirituality, culture and society in the Indian context. How universal is science? Is the truth as sought by scientists absolute? What indeed is science itself? These and more questions are admirably probed by the several authors of this volume, which is ably edited by Makarand Paranjape."
Gautam R. Desiraju, Professor, Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru, India
"While the scientific method is universal, the domains of scientific inquiry, the embedding of scientific results and their philosophical framings are all civilization- and even culture-specific. The present volume is an admirable attempt to elucidate many of the critical links between the domains of Science and the Civilization of India. It is sure to catalyze substantial further inquiry."
Shailendra Raj Mehta, President, Director, and Distinguished Professor of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, MICA, Ahmedabad, India
Prologue: Indian Psyche and Science
Makarand R. Paranjape
2. Science and Spirituality: Is There a Common Ground?
K. Ramakrishna Rao
3. Dialectics of Culture and Science
R. P. Singh
4. Culture and Science in Twenty-first Century India
V. V. Raman
5. Modern Science in India and the Emergence of a New Worldview: Challenges and Opportunities
6. Science and Spirituality vs Science and Development
John Bosco Lourdusamy
7. Knowledge and Science in the Context of Indian Languages
8. Indian Deductive System: The Logical Basis for Indian Sciences
9. Motion Interpreted: A Bridge between Science and Spirituality
10. Indian Science and Semiotics: Some Reflections
Sreekala M. Nair
11. Integral Non-dualism and Modern Science: Some Reflections
12. Principles of Plant Taxonomy: A Fresh Insight into the Ancient Indian Methodology and Philosophy of Naming and Classifying Medicinal Plants
13. A Macro-Micro Systems Approach to Frame Holistic Studies on the Culture and Philosophy of Science in India
14. Moral Responsibility Beyond Compatibilism: An Indian Appropriation of Libet’s Neuroscientific Findings
15. Science and Spirituality from the Perspective of the Mahabharata
16. Revisiting Concepts of Health and Disease: Evolution, Philosophy, and Integration
17. A Connecticut Yankee in Indira’s Court: A Brief Account of Modern Indian Science