This collection of essays makes a significant contribution to the historiography of the end of the Cold War.
Research on the causes and consequences of the end of the Cold War is constantly growing. Initially, it was dominated by fairly simplistic, and often politically motivated, debates revolving around the role played by major "winners" and "losers". This volume addresses a number of diverse issues and seeks to challenge several "common wisdoms" about the end of the Cold War. Together, the contributions provide insights on the role of personalities as well as the impact of transnational movements and forces on the unexpected political transformations of the late 1980s and early 1990s. Geographically, the chapters largely focus on the United States, Europe, with special emphasis on Germany, and the Soviet Union. The individual chapters are drawn together by the overarching theme relating to a particular "common wisdom": were the transformations that occurred truly "unexpected"? This collection of essays will make an important contribution to the growing literature on the developments that produced the collapse of the Iron Curtain, the demise of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War.
This volume will be of much interest to students of Cold War Studies, International History, European Politics and International Relations in general.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Unexpected Transformations?, Jussi M. Hanhimäki 1. Threat or Opportunity? Kissinger, Brzezinski, and the Demise of the Soviet Union, Jussi M. Hanhimäki 2. The Nuclear and Space Talks, George Shultz, and the End of the Cold War, James Graham Wilson 3. Nuclear Weapons, "Nuclear Ideas", and Protests: Did They Matter?, Andrea Chiampan 4. Eduard Shevardnadze, Anatoly Chernyaev, and German Reunification: The Role of Secondary Political Actors in Ending the Cold War, Wolfgang Mueller 5. German Foreign Policy and the"‘German Problem" During and After the Cold War: Changes and Continuities, Bernhard Blumenau 6. Freer Movement in Return for Cash: Franz Josef Strauß, Alexander Schalck-Golodkowski, and the Milliardenkredit for the GDR, 1983–1984, Stephan Kieninger 7. The Opening of the Austrian–Hungarian Border Revisited: How European Détente Contributed to Overcoming the "Iron Curtain", Maximilian Graf 8. The Reagan Administration and the Promotion of Human Rights in Eastern Europe: The Case of Romanian emigration, 1981–1989, Sielke Beata Kelner 9. The Single European Act, European Political Cooperation, and the End of the Cold War, Maria Eleonora Guasconi 10. The Power of Omission: The IMF and the Democratic Transitions in Poland and Hungary, Fritz Bartel
Bernhard Blumenau is Lecturer in International Relations at the University of St Andrews, UK, and is author of The United Nations and Terrorism: Germany, Multilateralism, and Antiterrorism Efforts in the 1970s (2014).
Jussi Hanhimäki is Professor of International History at the Graduate Institute, Geneva. His books include Neutrality and Neutralism in the Global Cold War (co-editor, Routledge, 2015), The Rise and Fall of Détente: American Foreign Policy and the Transformation of the Cold War (2013) and The Cold War: A History in Documents and Eyewitness Accounts (2004, with Odd Arne Westad).
Barbara Zanchetta is Lecturer in Diplomacy and Foreign Policy in the Department of War Studies at King’s College London, UK. She is the author of The Transformation of American International Power in the 1970s (2014) and co-author of Transatlantic Relations since 1945 (Routledge, 2012).