New Speakers of Irish in the Global Context : New Revival? book cover
1st Edition

New Speakers of Irish in the Global Context
New Revival?





ISBN 9781032173634
Published September 30, 2021 by Routledge
212 Pages 2 B/W Illustrations

USD $48.95

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Book Description

This volume is the first full-length publication to systematically unpack and analyze the linguistic practices and ideologies of "new speakers" specifically in an Irish language context. The book introduces the theoretical foundations of the new speaker framework as it manifests itself in the Irish setting, describes its historical precedents, and traces its evolution to today. The book then draws upon a rich set of data and research methods, including participant observation and ethnographic fieldwork to examine the new speaker phenomenon in Irish in greater detail. Areas of analysis include new speakers’ language practices and usage and the ways in which they position their linguistic identities both within their respective communities and in juxtaposition with "native" speakers. While the book’s focus is on Irish, the volume will contribute to a greater understanding of new speaker practices and ideologies in minority language contexts more generally, making this key reading for students and scholars in sociolinguistics, applied linguistics, language policy and planning, anthropology, and Irish studies.



Table of Contents

Contents





Acknowledgements





Figure 1 Map illustrating Language Planning Process





Figure 2 Transcription protocol





Chapter 1: Re-thinking the Sociolinguistics of Irish





Introduction



Disrupting old ideas, creating new tensions



Giving a voice to new speakers



John’s story



Bernie’s story



Outline of book





Chapter 2: New speakers, new paradigms? Building a theoretical framework





Introduction



New speaker research: origins and developments



New speakers and broader debates around language and society



Native speaker ideologies in language revitalisation movements



New speakers, new paradigms?



New speakers of minority languages: questions of authenticity, authority, and legitimacy



Rethinking new labels and frameworks



Conclusion





Chapter 3: National, official and minoritised: the context and background of Irish





Introduction



Revival period and new speakers



Phases of language policy and new speakers



Gaeltacht



Legal and administrative status



Irish in the education system



Standardisation



Irish in Northern Ireland



Recent policy initiatives and Irish language networks



Conclusion





Chapter 4: Becoming a new speaker of Irish



Introduction



Fieldwork conducted by John



Clár



Karen



Roibeárd



Cian



Jason



Fieldwork conducted by Bernie



Máire



Joanne



Liam



Micheál



Jane



Conclusion





Chapter 5: New speakers of Irish and identities





Introduction



Irish speakers and identities



Primary Irish-speaking identity



Irish language identity linked to standard language or dialect



Ambiguous or mixed linguistic identity



Primary English-speaking identity



Intersection of linguistic and sexual identities



Conclusion





Chapter 6: Ciorcail chomhrá – ‘safe spaces’ for the cúpla focal



Introduction



The ciorcal comhrá phenomenon



Safe spaces and ‘breathing spaces’ for the language



New speakers at Cluain Lí



Tá cúpla focal agam – ‘I have the few words’



The ciorcal comhrá as a ‘safe place’ to use Irish



Expert speakers and the native speaker ideology



Beyond the ciorcal comhrá: the Gaeltacht as an authentic space



Conclusion





Chapter 7: Conclusions





New speaker stories



Theoretical insights from the study



Policy implications



New speakers and the Gaeltacht





References





Index





 

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Author(s)

Biography

Bernadette O’Rourke is Professor of Sociolinguistics and Hispanic Studies at the University of Glasgow. She is author of Irish and Galician in the European Context (Palgrave 2011) and co-author (with Gabrielle Hogan-Brun) of the Palgrave Handbook of Minority Languages and Communities (2019). She was Chair of COST Action on New Speakers in a Multilingual Europe (2013-17). She is a Fellow of the Smithsonian Institute for Folklife on the Sustaining Minoritized Languages in Europe (SMiLE) project (2018-present).





John Walsh is a Senior Lecturer in Irish in the School of Languages, Literatures and Cultures at the National University of Ireland, Galway. He is author of several publications in Irish and English about Irish language policy, Irish language media, Irish and socioeconomic development and new speakers of Irish. John was a leading member of the COST Action on New Speakers in a Multilingual Europe (2013-17) and jointly led two Working Groups (on new speakers and indigenous minority languages and on new speakers and subjectivities).