This is volume three in a four-volume edition of primary source materials that document the histories of design across the long nineteenth century. Each volume is arranged by appropriate sub-themes and it is the first set of primary sources to be gathered together in this comprehensive and accessible format.
Design refers to more than simply products and personalities or even cultural ideas, it involves consideration of ways of design thinking and applications as well as the philosophies and the other disciplines that impinge upon it. Here, the third volume considers the issues of design production and practices including debates about the role of machine and craft, the impact of new materials and technologies as well as issues of marketing and mediation.
The volumes will be of interest to a range of scholars and students, including those in art and design history, visual culture, and nineteenth-century material culture. They will also be of interest to a broad range of scholars working in areas including aesthetics, gender, politics and philosophy.
Table of Contents
Introduction - Production and Practices of Design
Part 1. Art Industries and Manufactures
1. Further Remarks on the Report of the Committee on the Arts and Principles of Design’, Mechanics’ Magazine, 26, 4 February 1837, pp. 323-329.
2. W. S. W. ‘Art Applied to Manufactures’, The Art-Union, 4:37, February 1842, pp. 23-25.
3. George Wallis, ‘Recent Progress in Design as Applied to Manufactures’, Journal of The Society of Arts, 4:173, 14 March 1856, pp. 291-301.
4. Denis O’Donovan, ‘The Uses of Art & Design in Manufacture’, Frederick McCoy, Lectures Delivered by Professor McCoy ... [Et Al.] in the Lecture Room of the Museum, During the Second Session of 1871 (Melbourne: Samuel Mullen, 1872), extract, pp. 79-83.
5. Jacob Falke, ‘The Vienna Exhibition in Connexion with Art-Industry. IX, Furniture’, The Workshop, 7, 4, 1874, pp. 49-51.
6. Tom Taylor, ‘The Study and Practice of Art’, The British Architect: A Journal of Architecture and the Accessory Arts, 1, February 1874, pp. 133-5.
Part 2. Decorative and Applied Arts
7. John Stewart, ‘Art Decoration, a Suitable Employment for Women’, Art Journal, 6, 1860, pp. 70-71.
8. Prof. [J. H.] Chamberlain ‘The Progress of Design’, Birmingham Daily Post, 28 May 1863.
9. Christopher Dresser, ‘Hindrances to the Progress of Applied Art’, Journal of The Society of Arts, 20, 12 April 1872, pp. 435-40.
10. Emma Lazarus, ‘A Day in Surrey With William Morris’, Century Magazine, 32, July 1886, pp. 388-294
11. Anon, ‘A Studio of Design: An Interview With Mr. Arthur Silver’, Studio, 3, 1894, pp.117–122.
Part 3. Drawing
12. Jacques-Eugène Armengaud, The Practical Draughtsman’s Book of Industrial Design: Forming A Complete Course of Mechanical, Engineering, and Architectural Drawing Translated From the French of Armengaud Ainé and Armengaud, Jeune and Amouroux; Rewritten and Arranged With Additional Matter and Plate Selections From and Examples of the Most Useful and Generally Employed Mechanism of the Day by William Johnson (London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, 1853), Preface, pp. III-V.
13. William Dyce, The Introduction to the Drawing Book of the School of Design, Published in the Years 1842-3, Under the Direction of W. Dyce (London: Chapman & Hall, 1854), pp. v-xxiv.
14. Lewis Foreman Day, ‘Of Designs and Working Drawings’, Arts and Crafts Exhibition Society, Catalogue of Second Exhibition, 1889, pp. 93-109.
Part 4. Design Principles
15. George Wallis, ‘The Principles of Fine Art as Applied to Industrial Purposes’, The People's Journal, 3, 1847, pp. 230-233.
16. [Anon] ‘Universal Infidelity in Principles of Design’, Journal of Design and Manufactures, V, August 1851, pp. 158-161.
17. ‘Examples of False Principles in Decoration’, A Catalogue of the Articles of Ornamental Art, in the Museum of the Department, for the Use of Students and Manufacturers, and the Consultation of the Public. With Appendices, Third Edition (London: Printed by George E. Eyre and William Spottiswoode for Her Majesty’s Stationary office, 1852), Appendix C, pp. 22-32.
18. [Anon] ‘Principles of Design Essential to the Construction of Artistic Furniture’, Furniture Gazette, 3 May, pp. 52-2, 17 May, pp. 84-6, 31 May, pp. 115-6, 7 June, pp. 132-3, 1873.
19. Lucas Baker, ‘Theory of Design’ A Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Design and the Methods of Instruction Suited to Teachers, Designers, and Art-Students, and a Text-Book for Schools (New York: Ivison, Blakeman, Taylor, and Co, 1883), pp. 5-13.
20. Walter Crane, ‘Design in Relation to Use and Material’, The Claims of Decorative Art (London: Lawrence and Bullen, 1892), pp. 90-105.
21. Selwyn Image, ‘Of Design and The Study of Nature’ in A. H. Mackmurdo (Ed.), Plain Handicrafts: Being Essays by Artists Setting Forth the Principles of Design and Established Methods of Workmanship; A Guide to Elementary Practice (London: Percival & Co., 1893), pp. 1-6.
Part 5. Elements of Design
22. John Gardner Wilkinson, On Colour and on the Necessity for a General Diffusion of Taste Among all Classes, with Remarks on Laying Out Dressed Geometrical Gardens. Examples of Good and Bad Taste Illustrated by Woodcuts and Coloured Plates in Contrast (London: J. Murray, 1858), pp. 1-4.
23. Lucy Crane, ‘Colour’, Art and the Formation of Taste (London: Macmillan 1882), pp. 97-101.
24. John G. Crace, ‘The Decorative Use of Colour’, Journal of The Society of Arts, 36:1851, 1888, pp. 696–704.
25. Roberts Beaumont, Colour in Woven Design, (London: Whittaker and Co., 1890), pp. 1-5.
26. Horatio Greenough, ‘American Architecture’, The United States Magazine and Democratic Review, New York, 13, August 1843, pp. 206-210.
27. David R. Hay, The Natural Principles and Analogy of the Harmony of Form, 3rd Edition (London: W. Blackwood and Sons, 1842), pp. 1-6.
28. Lucy Crane, Art and the Formation of Taste (London: Macmillan, 1882), pp. 61-68. Extract.
29. Henri Mayeux, A Manual of Decorative Composition for Designers, Decorators, Architects and Industrial Artists (London: J.S. Virtue and Co, 1889), pp. 1-4.
30. Hugh Stannus, ‘Some Principles of Form-Design in Applied Art’, Journal of The Society of Arts, 14 October 1898, pp. 885-9.
31. Emil Braun, ‘Electrotyping Applied to Art Manufactures’, Art Journal, 1 July 1850, pp. 205-207.
32. George Dodd, ‘Papier Mâché’, Curiosities of Industry (London: George Routledge and Co, 1858), pp. 17-22.
33. [Anon] ‘Design in Relation to Material’, Morning Post, 2 January 1869, p.3.
5.4 Manufacturing Methods
34. Adam Smith and Dugald Stewart, The Works of Adam Smith (London: Printed for T. Cadell, 1811-12), pp. 15-19.
35. William Cooke-Taylor ‘The Mutual Interests of Artists and Manufacturers’, Art-Union, 1 March 1848, pp. 69-70.
36. James Ward, The World in Its Workshops: A Practical Examination of British and Foreign Processes of Manufacture, With a Critical Comparison of the Fabrics, Machinery, and Works of Art Contained in the Great Exhibition (London: Williams S. Orr and Co., 1851), Introduction, p. 1-16.
37. Joseph Whitworth, and George Wallis. The Industry of The United States in Machinery, Manufactures, and Useful and Ornamental Arts: Compiled from the Official Reports of Messrs. Whitworth and Wallis (London: G. Routledge & Co., 1854), pp. iii-xi.
38. William Morris, "The Revival of Handicraft", Architecture, Industry & Wealth; Collected Papers (London: Longmans Green, 1902) pp. 214-227.
39. Frederick W. Taylor, The Principles of Scientific Management (New York: Harper & Bros., 1911), pp. 9-15.
5.5 Craft Machine and Design
40. Charles R. Ashbee, ‘Decorative from a Workshop Point of View’, A Paper Read At the Edinburgh Art Congress’, November 1889, pp. 1-11.
41. John Dando Sedding, ‘Design’, Arts and Crafts Essays (London: Rivington Percival, 1893), pp. 405-413.
42. Fred Miller, ‘Design and Craftsmanship’, The Training of A Craftsman (London: J.S. Virtue & Co Limited 1898), pp. 24-35.
43. Thorstein Veblen, ‘Pecuniary Canons of Taste’, The Theory of the Leisure Class: An Economic Study of Institutions (New York: The Macmillan Company, 1899), pp. 157-165.
44. Esther Wood, ‘Home Arts and Industries Exhibition’, The Studio, 17, 1899, pp. 99-109.
45. Oscar Lovell Triggs, ‘Rookwood: An Ideal Workshop’, Chapters in the History of the Arts and Crafts Movement (Chicago: The Bohemia Guild of the Industrial Art League, 1902), pp. 157-162.
46. J. Scarratt Rigby, ‘Remarks on Morris Work and Its Influence on British Decorative Arts Today’, The Art Workers’ Quarterly: A Portfolio of Practical Designs for Decorative and Applied Art, January and April 1902, pp. 2-5, 61-63.
Clive Edwards is Emeritus Professor of Design History at Loughborough University