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1st Edition

Nineteenth Century Design

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Book Description

This four-volume edition of primary source materials documents the histories of design across the long nineteenth-century. Each volume is arranged by appropriate sub-themes and it is the first set of primary sources to be gathered together in this comprehensive and accessible format.

Design refers to more than simply products and personalities or even cultural ideas, it involves consideration of ways of design thinking and applications as well as the philosophies and the other disciplines that impinge upon it. Here, the first volume discusses the theories and discourses that underpinned 19th century design, ranging from design reform to aesthetics, and from the question of ornament to design education. The second volume looks at the designed objects, images, and spaces that were created in the period. These include discussion of design in interiors, industry, fashion, graphics, and architecture amongst others. The third volume considers the issues of design production and practices including debates about the role of machine and craft, the impact of new materials and technologies as well as issues of marketing and mediation. The last volume looks at consumption and uses of design as a part of the wider cultures of the period. Taken together these sources, with their contextual introductions and headnotes, present a valuable overview of a broadly defined design culture during the long nineteenth century.

The volumes will be of interest to a range of scholars and students, including those in art and design history, visual culture, and nineteenth-century material culture. They will also be of interest to a broad range of scholars working in areas including aesthetics, gender, politics, and philosophy.

Table of Contents

Volume 1 – Theories and Discourses


General Introduction

Volume 1 Introduction

Part 1. Beauty and Aesthetics

1. Archibald Alison, ‘On the Influence of Design Upon the Beauty of Form’ Essays on the Nature and Principles of Taste, (1790), 4th Edition, II, Part One (Edinburgh: Bell 1815), extract, pp. 58-64.

2. Basil Barrett, ‘A Definition of Beauty’, Pretensions to A Final Analysis of the Nature and Origin of Sublimity, Style, Beauty, Genius, and Taste (London: John Murray, 1812), pp. 85-90.

3. John Ruskin, ‘The Nature of Gothic’, The Stones of Venice, Vol Ii, Ch. 6 (London: Smith, Elder, and Co., 1853), extract, pp. 165-167.

4. Patrick Geddes, ‘The Conditions of Design and Art Criticism’, Industrial Exhibitions and Modern Progress (Edinburgh: D. Douglas, 1887), pp. 42-48.

5. Alfred C. Haddon, ‘Application of Biological Deductions to Design’, Evolution in Art as Illustrated by the Life-Histories of Designs (London: W. Scott, 1895), pp. 308-318.

6. Walter Crane, ‘Of the Influence of Modern Social and Economic Conditions on the Sense of Beauty’, Ideals in Art: Papers Theoretical, Practical, Critical (London: Bell, 1905), pp. 76-87.

Part 2. Taste

7. Joseph Woods, An Essay on Modern Theories of Taste (London: The Architectural Society, 1808), extract, pp. 40-44.

8. George Wallis, ‘Art Education for the People’: ‘Improvement of Popular Taste in the Fine Arts, Through Their Application to Industrial Purposes,’ The People’s Journal, 3, 1847, pp. 9-11.

9. John Bascom, Lecture X, ‘Things That Mislead Taste’, Aesthetics, Or The Science of Beauty (Boston: Crosby and Nichols, 1862), extract, pp. 144-148.

10. J. J. Stevenson, ‘On the Recent Reaction of Taste in English Architecture’, Architect and Building News, 20 June 1874, pp. 9-11.

11. G. - L., [E. F. Gladstone-Lingham] ‘Common Sense’, The Science of Taste: Being A Treatise on its Principles by G. L. With Illustrations by the Author (London: Edward Stanford, 1879), extract, pp. 128-132.

Part 3. Ornament

12. [Anon], ‘on Ornament, Especially Referring to Woven Fabrics’ Journal of Design and Manufactures, I, (London: Chapman and Hall, 1849), pp. 56-58.

13. [Anon] ‘Which Direction Is Ornamental Art Likely to Take in the Country, Toward Elaboration Or Simplicity?’ Journal of Design and Manufactures, VI, (London: Chapman and Hall 1852), pp.135-137.

14. Ralph N. Wornum, Analysis of Ornament. The Characteristics of Styles. An Introduction to the Study of the History of Ornamental Art ... Forth Edition (London: Chapman & Hall, 1873), extract, pp. 1-5.

15. Christopher Dresser, Studies in Design for House Decorators, Designers, and Manufacturers (London: Cassell, Peter and Galpin, 1874), pp. 3-8.

16. Lewis Foreman Day, ‘The Use in Ornament’, Every-Day Art: Short Essays on the Arts Not Fine (London: B.T. Batsford, 1882), pp. 69-86.

17. Lewis Foreman Day, ‘What Ornament Is’, Nature and Ornament (London: Batsford, 1908), pp. 1-5.

Part 4. Design Reform

18. Henry Morley ‘A House Full of Horrors’ Household Words, VI, 4, December 1852, pp. 265-270.

19. Argus, [F.J. Prouting] A Mild Remonstrance Against the Taste-Censorship At Marlborough House, in Reference to Manufacturing Ornamentation and Decorative Design (London: Houlston & Stoneman, 1853) Part I, pp. 17-21

20. Richard Redgrave, On the Necessity of Principles in Teaching Design: Being An Address ... October 1853 (London: Chapman & Hall, 1853), extract, pp. 30-32.

21. William Burges, ‘Introduction’, Art Applied to Industry: A Series of Lectures (Oxford: John Henry and James Parker, London 1865), pp. 1-12.

22. [Anon], ‘Rustic Theory of Industrial Art’, The Architect, 14 April 1877, P. 239.

23. Edward John Poynter, Ten Lectures on Art (London: Chapman and Hall, 1880), extract, pp. 14-18.

24. William Tait Ross, The Fine Arts and Arts of Design, Their Origin, Nature and Influence: With An Essay on Recreations, Ancient and Modern, Public and Private (Glasgow: Maclehose & Sons, 1885), pp. 66-86

Part 5. Exoticism and Otherness

25. [Anon] ‘Indian Design and English Manufactures’, Birmingham Daily Post, Tuesday, 3 May 1870 .

26. Matthew Digby Wyatt, ‘Orientalism in European Industry’, Macmillan's Magazine, 21:126, 1870, pp. 551-556.

27. Christopher Dresser, ‘Eastern Art and Its Influence on European Manufactures and Taste’ Journal of The Society of Arts, 22:1107, 6 February 1874, pp. 211-221.

28. Jacob Falke, ‘Chinese and Japanese Art, and its Importance for Modern Art-Industry,’ The Workshop, 4:9, September 1871, pp. 129-32.

29. Rutherford Alcock, ‘The Range and Scope of Japanese Art, and Its Chief Characteristics’ Art and Art Industries of Japan (London: Virtue & Co. 1878), pp. 13-19.

30. Arthur Lasenby Liberty, ‘The Industrial Arts and Manufactures of Japan’, Journal of The Society of Arts, 38:1959 6 June 1890, pp. 673-684.

31. [Anon] ‘Defects in Indian Art Ware’, Journal of Indian Art (and Industry), 15: 117, Jan 1913, pp. 48-50.

32. Mabel Tuke Priestman, Handicrafts in the Home (Chicago, Mcclurg & Co; 1910) pp. 73-78.

Part 6. State Intervention- Fostering Design

33. [Anon] ‘State of the Arts in Reference to Manufactures’, Chambers’ Edinburgh Journal, 253, 3 December 1836, pp. 355-356, 386-87.

34. Anon [J. A. Hammersley] ‘The Commercial Value of the Arts of Design’, London Pioneer, 4 June 1846, I, 6, pp. 94-5, 109-102.

35. William Cooke-Taylor, ‘Notes on the Application of the Arts of Design on Manufacturing Industry in France’ Art Union, 9, 1847, pp. 41-44.

36. George Wallis, ‘National Policy in Relation to Art as Applied to Manufactures’, Magazine of Art, Jan 1878, pp. 173-176.

6.1 Invention/Copyright

37. Report From the Select Committee on Copyright of Designs: Together With the Minutes of Evidence Taken Before Them, and An Appendix, and Index (London: House of Commons, 1840), pp. 38-42.

38. W Cooke Taylor, ‘Copyright in Design’ The Art-Union, 3:27, April 1841, pp. 59-60.

39. James Emerson Tennent, ‘Case of the Embroiderers and Tambour Workers’, A Treatise on the Copyright of Designs for Printed Fabrics: With Considerations on the Necessity of Its Extension: and Copious Notices of the State of Calico Printing in Belgium, Germany, and the States of the Prussian Commercial League (London: Smith, Elder and Co., 1841), pp. 69-74.

40. [Anon] ‘Imitating A Registered Design’, The Sheffield & Rotherham Independent, Saturday, 24 March 1849; Issue 1518, P. 2.

41. [Anon] ‘Alleged Infringement of A Registered Design’, Birmingham Daily Post, 1 February 1861.

6.2 Education/Teaching

42. C. R. Cockerell, Evidence to the Report From The Select Committee on Arts and Their Connexion With Manufactures: With the Minutes of Evidence, Appendix and Index (London: House of Commons, 1836), pp.111-114.

43. ‘Society for Promoting Practical Design. An Account of the Inaugural Meeting of the Society for Promoting Practical Design and Diffusing A Knowledge and Love of the Arts Among the People, Held At Exeter Hall, January 11th, 1838’, Journal of The American Institute, 4:3, 1838, pp.143-149.

44. William Dyce, ‘Foreign Schools of Design’, Penny Magazine, 16 May 1840, pp. 190-91.

45. George Wallis, ‘Artists and Academies- Artisans and Schools of Design’, People's Journal, 3, 1847, pp. 115- 117.

46. [Richard H. Horne] ‘The Female School of Design in the Capital of the World’, Household Words /Conducted by Charles Dickens, 15 March 1851, pp. 577-580.

47. Thomas D Acland, ‘The Position of Arts in Education’, Some Account of the Origin and Objects of the New Oxford Examinations for the Title of Associate in Arts and Certificates: for the Year 1858. 2nd Edition (London: J. Ridgway, 1858), pp. 27-32.

48. William Morris, Evidence to Second Report of the Royal Commissioners on Technical Instruction (London: Printed by Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1884 pp. 150-

49. John Charles Lewis Sparkes, ‘Help and Hindrances’, Schools of Art: Their Origin, History, Work and Influence (London: Clowes, 1884), pp. 116-125.

50. F. C. Montague, and Bernhard Samuelson, Technical Education: A Summary of the Report of the Royal Commission Appointed to Inquire Into the State of Technical Education (London: Cassell, 1887), pp. 11-14.

Volume 2

Introduction - Objects Images and Spaces (Visual and Material Culture)

Part 1. Domestic Design

1. George Morant, Report From the Select Committee on Arts and Principles of Design and Their Connexion With Manufactures: With the Minutes of Evidence, Appendix and Index (London: H.M.S.O. 1836), Session 2, Q. 497- 579.

2. [Anon], ‘On Furnishing’, London Society, 7, 1865, pp. 500-505.

3. Walter Smith, ‘The Lessons of the Exhibition’, Examples of Household Taste, (New York: R. Worthington, 1877), extract, pp. 497-521.

4. Lewis Foreman Day, ‘The Woman’s Part in Domestic Decoration’, Magazine of Art, 1881, pp. 457-62.

5. Moncure Conway, Travels in South Kensington (London: Truber & Co. 1882), pp. 154-159.

6. Gleeson White, ‘The Epoch-Making House’, The Studio, 56, November 1897, pp. 102-112.

7. John H. Elder-Duncan, ‘A Short Summary of A Century of Applied Art’ The House Beautiful and Useful (London: Cassell, 1907), pp. 9-17.

8. Walter Crane, ‘William Morris and His Work’, William Morris to Whistler (London: G Bell & Sons Ltd, 1911), extract, pp. 16-21.

Part 2. Industrial Art/Industrial Design

9. [Anon], ‘Josiah Wedgwood’, The Architect, 1, 17 April 1869, pp. 197-199.

10. Charles Russell Hewlett, ‘Relation of Industrial Art to Manufactures’, Art and Progress, 4, 12, 1913, October pp. 1147–1150.

11. William Burton, Designing for Machine-Made Goods (Manchester, Municipal School of Technology, 1911), pp. 1-9.

2.1 Metal Work

12. Matthew Digby Wyatt, ‘Theory’, Metal-Work and Its Artistic Design (London: Day & Son, 1852), pp. xi-xix

13. [Anon] ‘Gothic Metalwork’, The Art Journal, N. S. 7, 1861, pp. 281-284, 333-336.

14. Auguste Willms, Industrial Art (Birmingham: Cornish Bros, 1890), extract, pp. 3-16.

15. [Anon] ‘Electric Light and the Metal Crafts’, Art Journal, 66, October 1904, pp. 321-328.

2.2 Jewellery

16. Charles Blanc, ‘On Design in the Composition of a Jewel’, Art in Ornament and Dress (London: Chapman and Hall, 1877), pp. 236-246

17. [Anon] ‘Vulgarities of English Jewellery Design’, The Builder, 61, September 1891, pp. 235-237.

18. Morris Hartmann, ‘the Art Industries of America: Xi. Designing and Making of Jewelry’, Brush and Pencil, 17:1, 1906, pp. 2–7.

19. Mrs Hadaway, ‘Development in the Art of Jewellery’, Journal of The Royal Society of Arts, 56:7, February 1908, pp. 287-297.

20. Roger Fry ‘A Modern Jeweller’, Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs, 17: 87, 1910, pp. 169–174.

2.3 Ceramic & Glass

21. Matthew Digby Wyatt, ‘On the Influence Exercised on Ceramic Manufactures by the Late Mr. Herbert Minton’, Journal of The Society of Arts, 6: 288, May 1858, pp. 441-52.

22. [Anon], ‘How Shall We Furnish Our Houses? China, Glass, and Silver Ware.’ The New Path, 2: 9, 1865, pp. 141–146.

2.4 Furniture

23. E. A. Poe, ‘Philosophy of Furniture’, Burton's Gentleman's Magazine and Monthly American Review, 6, 1840, pp. 243-45.

24. [Anon] ‘The Art-Furniture Fever’, Tinsley’s Magazine, 12, 1873, pp. 648-65

25. David Denning, Review of Development of Furniture’ The Art and Craft of Cabinet-Making (London: Whittaker & Co., 1891), extract, pp. 27-39.

26. Stephen Webb, ‘Furniture’, Arts and Crafts Essays by Members of the Arts and Crafts Exhibition Society With A Preface by William Morris (London: Rivington, Percival, & Co. 1893), pp. 89-98.

2.5 Textile Design

27. A Glasgow Printer, ‘Designers and Schools of Design’, The Art-Union, X, September 1848, pp. 266-267.

28. Matthew D. Wyatt, ‘On the Principles of Design Applicable to Textile Art’, The Art Treasures of the United Kingdom, Edited by J.B. Waring, Esq. (London: Day & Son, 1858), pp. 71-82.

29. Alexander Millar ‘Design in Modern Carpets’, Journal of The Society of Arts, 42: 2161, 20 April 1894, pp. 433-451.

2.6 Graphic and Visual Design

30. Philip Gilbert Hamerton, ‘The Distinction Between Useful and Aesthetic Drawing’, The Graphic Arts: A Treatise on the Varieties of Drawing, Painting, and Engraving in Comparison With Each Other and With Nature, (London: Seeley, Jackson, and Halliday, 1882), pp. 6-16.

31. William Morris, A Note by William Morris on His Aims in Founding the Kelmscott Press, and A Short Description of the Press by S. C. Cockerell, and An Annotated List of Books Printed Thereat (Hammersmith: Trustees of William Morris, 1898. Printer: Kelmscott Press), pp.1-6.

32. Marion Spielmann, ‘Posters and Poster-Designing in England’, Scribner's Magazine, 18, July 1895, pp. 34-47.

2.7 Wallpaper

33. Walter Crane, ‘Of Wallpaper’, Arts and Crafts Essays: by Members of the Arts and Crafts Exhibition Society (London: Rivington, Percival & Co,) 1893, pp. 52-61.

2.8 Dress & Fashion

34. Mary Merrifield, Dress as Fine Art (Boston: Jewell and Co, 1854), extract, pp. 10-19.

35. Caroline Stephen, ‘Thoughtfulness in Dress’, Cornhill Magazine, 18, 1868, pp. 281-293.

36. G-L. [Edward Gladstone-Lingham] ‘Male Attire’, The Science of Taste: Being A Treatise on Its Principles (London: Stanford, 1879), pp. 179-193.

37. Oscar Wilde, ‘The Philosophy of Dress’, New-York Daily Tribune, 19 April 1885, p. 9.

38. J. B. Firth, ‘Nottingham Lace and Fashion’, The Economic Journal, 3:12, December 1893, pp. 709-715.

39. Arthur L. Liberty, ‘On the Progress of Taste in Dress, in Relation to Manufacture’, Aglaia: The Journal of the Healthy and Artistic Dress Union, 3, 1894, pp. 27-31.

2.9 Engineering

40. Samuel Clegg, ‘Introduction’, Architecture of Machinery: An Essay on Propriety of Form and Proportion (London: Architectural Library, 1842), pp. 1-4.

41. [Anon] ‘Beauty of Design in Machinery’, Mechanics: A Weekly Journal of Engineering and Mechanical Progress, New York, 24 February 1883, pp. 135-136.

42. Frank O. Marvin, ‘The Artistic Element in Engineering’, Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, August 1896 (The Association: Salem, 1897), pp. 85-96.

43. [An Engineering Correspondent], ‘The Design of Aeroplanes’, The Times, 19 October 1910, p.13.

44. Arthur J. Davis, ‘The Architecture of the Liner’, Architectural Review, 35, 1914, pp. 87–110.

2.10 Urban Design (Inc. Architecture)

45. Ebenezer Trotman, ‘Some Remarks on Architectural Design, as Affecting the Inferior Arts Connected With Building’, Architectural Magazine, 2:11, January 1835, pp. 3-7.

46. A. W. N. Pugin, An Apology for the Revival of Christian Architecture in England (London: J. Weale, 1843), pp. 9-12.

47. [Anon] ‘Singular Origin of Mr. Paxton's Design for the Building in Hyde Park’, The Standard, 12 October 1850.

48. [Anon] ‘The Style of the New Foreign office’, Ecclesiologist, CXXXV, December 1859, pp. 366-370.

49. Edward S. Prior, ‘The Design of Gardens’, Hobby Horse, XXVI April 1892, pp. 41-51.


Volume 3

Introduction - Production and Practices of Design

Part 1. Art Industries and Manufactures

1. Further Remarks on the Report of the Committee on the Arts and Principles of Design’, Mechanics’ Magazine, 26, 4 February 1837, pp. 323-329.

2. W. S. W. ‘Art Applied to Manufactures’, The Art-Union, 4:37, February 1842, pp. 23-25.

3. George Wallis, ‘Recent Progress in Design as Applied to Manufactures’, Journal of The Society of Arts, 4:173, 14 March 1856, pp. 291-301.

4. Denis O’Donovan, ‘The Uses of Art & Design in Manufacture’, Frederick McCoy, Lectures Delivered by Professor McCoy ... [Et Al.] in the Lecture Room of the Museum, During the Second Session of 1871 (Melbourne: Samuel Mullen, 1872), extract, pp. 79-83.

5. Jacob Falke, ‘The Vienna Exhibition in Connexion with Art-Industry. IX, Furniture’, The Workshop, 7, 4, 1874, pp. 49-51.

6. Tom Taylor, ‘The Study and Practice of Art’, The British Architect: A Journal of Architecture and the Accessory Arts, 1, February 1874, pp. 133-5.

Part 2. Decorative and Applied Arts

7. John Stewart, ‘Art Decoration, a Suitable Employment for Women’, Art Journal, 6, 1860, pp. 70-71.

8. Prof. [J. H.] Chamberlain ‘The Progress of Design’, Birmingham Daily Post, 28 May 1863.

9. Christopher Dresser, ‘Hindrances to the Progress of Applied Art’, Journal of The Society of Arts, 20, 12 April 1872, pp. 435-40.

10. Emma Lazarus, ‘A Day in Surrey With William Morris’, Century Magazine, 32, July 1886, pp. 388-294

11. Anon, ‘A Studio of Design: An Interview With Mr. Arthur Silver’, Studio, 3, 1894, pp.117–122.

Part 3. Drawing

12. Jacques-Eugène Armengaud, The Practical Draughtsman’s Book of Industrial Design: Forming A Complete Course of Mechanical, Engineering, and Architectural Drawing Translated From the French of Armengaud Ainé and Armengaud, Jeune and Amouroux; Rewritten and Arranged With Additional Matter and Plate Selections From and Examples of the Most Useful and Generally Employed Mechanism of the Day by William Johnson (London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, 1853), Preface, pp. III-V.

13. William Dyce, The Introduction to the Drawing Book of the School of Design, Published in the Years 1842-3, Under the Direction of W. Dyce (London: Chapman & Hall, 1854), pp. v-xxiv.

14. Lewis Foreman Day, ‘Of Designs and Working Drawings’, Arts and Crafts Exhibition Society, Catalogue of Second Exhibition, 1889, pp. 93-109.

Part 4. Design Principles

15. George Wallis, ‘The Principles of Fine Art as Applied to Industrial Purposes’, The People's Journal, 3, 1847, pp. 230-233.

16. [Anon] ‘Universal Infidelity in Principles of Design’, Journal of Design and Manufactures, V, August 1851, pp. 158-161.

17. ‘Examples of False Principles in Decoration’, A Catalogue of the Articles of Ornamental Art, in the Museum of the Department, for the Use of Students and Manufacturers, and the Consultation of the Public. With Appendices, Third Edition (London: Printed by George E. Eyre and William Spottiswoode for Her Majesty’s Stationary office, 1852), Appendix C, pp. 22-32.

18. [Anon] ‘Principles of Design Essential to the Construction of Artistic Furniture’, Furniture Gazette, 3 May, pp. 52-2, 17 May, pp. 84-6, 31 May, pp. 115-6, 7 June, pp. 132-3, 1873.

19. Lucas Baker, ‘Theory of Design’ A Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Design and the Methods of Instruction Suited to Teachers, Designers, and Art-Students, and a Text-Book for Schools (New York: Ivison, Blakeman, Taylor, and Co, 1883), pp. 5-13.

20. Walter Crane, ‘Design in Relation to Use and Material’, The Claims of Decorative Art (London: Lawrence and Bullen, 1892), pp. 90-105.

21. Selwyn Image, ‘Of Design and The Study of Nature’ in A. H. Mackmurdo (Ed.), Plain Handicrafts: Being Essays by Artists Setting Forth the Principles of Design and Established Methods of Workmanship; A Guide to Elementary Practice (London: Percival & Co., 1893), pp. 1-6.

Part 5. Elements of Design

5.1 Colour

22. John Gardner Wilkinson, On Colour and on the Necessity for a General Diffusion of Taste Among all Classes, with Remarks on Laying Out Dressed Geometrical Gardens. Examples of Good and Bad Taste Illustrated by Woodcuts and Coloured Plates in Contrast (London: J. Murray, 1858), pp. 1-4.

23. Lucy Crane, ‘Colour’, Art and the Formation of Taste (London: Macmillan 1882), pp. 97-101.

24. John G. Crace, ‘The Decorative Use of Colour’, Journal of The Society of Arts, 36:1851, 1888, pp. 696–704.

25. Roberts Beaumont, Colour in Woven Design, (London: Whittaker and Co., 1890), pp. 1-5.

5.2 Form

26. Horatio Greenough, ‘American Architecture’, The United States Magazine and Democratic Review, New York, 13, August 1843, pp. 206-210.

27. David R. Hay, The Natural Principles and Analogy of the Harmony of Form, 3rd Edition (London: W. Blackwood and Sons, 1842), pp. 1-6.

28. Lucy Crane, Art and the Formation of Taste (London: Macmillan, 1882), pp. 61-68. Extract.

29. Henri Mayeux, A Manual of Decorative Composition for Designers, Decorators, Architects and Industrial Artists (London: J.S. Virtue and Co, 1889), pp. 1-4.

30. Hugh Stannus, ‘Some Principles of Form-Design in Applied Art’, Journal of The Society of Arts, 14 October 1898, pp. 885-9.

5.3 Materials

31. Emil Braun, ‘Electrotyping Applied to Art Manufactures’, Art Journal, 1 July 1850, pp. 205-207.

32. George Dodd, ‘Papier Mâché’, Curiosities of Industry (London: George Routledge and Co, 1858), pp. 17-22.

33. [Anon] ‘Design in Relation to Material’, Morning Post, 2 January 1869, p.3.

5.4 Manufacturing Methods

34. Adam Smith and Dugald Stewart, The Works of Adam Smith (London: Printed for T. Cadell, 1811-12), pp. 15-19.

35. William Cooke-Taylor ‘The Mutual Interests of Artists and Manufacturers’, Art-Union, 1 March 1848, pp. 69-70.

36. James Ward, The World in Its Workshops: A Practical Examination of British and Foreign Processes of Manufacture, With a Critical Comparison of the Fabrics, Machinery, and Works of Art Contained in the Great Exhibition (London: Williams S. Orr and Co., 1851), Introduction, p. 1-16.

37. Joseph Whitworth, and George Wallis. The Industry of The United States in Machinery, Manufactures, and Useful and Ornamental Arts: Compiled from the Official Reports of Messrs. Whitworth and Wallis (London: G. Routledge & Co., 1854), pp. iii-xi.

38. William Morris, "The Revival of Handicraft", Architecture, Industry & Wealth; Collected Papers (London: Longmans Green, 1902) pp. 214-227.

39. Frederick W. Taylor, The Principles of Scientific Management (New York: Harper & Bros., 1911), pp. 9-15.

5.5 Craft Machine and Design

40. Charles R. Ashbee, ‘Decorative from a Workshop Point of View’, A Paper Read At the Edinburgh Art Congress’, November 1889, pp. 1-11.

41. John Dando Sedding, ‘Design’, Arts and Crafts Essays (London: Rivington Percival, 1893), pp. 405-413.

42. Fred Miller, ‘Design and Craftsmanship’, The Training of A Craftsman (London: J.S. Virtue & Co Limited 1898), pp. 24-35.

43. Thorstein Veblen, ‘Pecuniary Canons of Taste’, The Theory of the Leisure Class: An Economic Study of Institutions (New York: The Macmillan Company, 1899), pp. 157-165.

44. Esther Wood, ‘Home Arts and Industries Exhibition’, The Studio, 17, 1899, pp. 99-109.

45. Oscar Lovell Triggs, ‘Rookwood: An Ideal Workshop’, Chapters in the History of the Arts and Crafts Movement (Chicago: The Bohemia Guild of the Industrial Art League, 1902), pp. 157-162.

46. J. Scarratt Rigby, ‘Remarks on Morris Work and Its Influence on British Decorative Arts Today’, The Art Workers’ Quarterly: A Portfolio of Practical Designs for Decorative and Applied Art, January and April 1902, pp. 2-5, 61-63.

Volume 4

Introduction - Actors, Mediators, and Design

Part 1. Design Movements

1. William Gershom Collingwood, ‘Present Day’, The Philosophy of Ornament: Eight Lectures, (George Allen: Orpington, 1883), pp. 200-216.

2. George C. Haité, ‘On the Design and Designers of the Victorian Reign (Part One)’ Architectural Review, 2, June 1897, pp. 81-89.

3. George C. Haité, ‘On the Design and Designers of the Victorian Reign (Part Two)’ Architectural Review, 2, June 1897, pp. 141-146

4. May Morris, ‘Decorative Art 1800-1885’, in H D. Traill (Ed.) Social England: A Record of the Progress of the People; in Religion, Laws, Learning, Arts, Industry, Commerce, Science, Literature and Manners, From the Earliest Times to the Present Day, Vol 6 (London: Cassell, 1897), pp. 526-40.

Part 2. Professional Mediators

5. W. Cooke-Taylor, Report of a Special Committee of the Council of the Government School of Design (London: Printed by William Clowes and Sons, for Her Majesty’s Stationery office, 1847), pp. 138-40.

6. [Anon] ‘The Architect Versus the Cabinet Maker and Others’, Fine Arts Journal, 13 February 1847, pp. 228-229

7. George Aitchison ‘The Relation of the Architect to the Decorator’, British Architect, 16 Feb- 6 April 1883, pp. 78-79.

8. Cases Argued and Determined Relating to the Poor Laws, to Points in Criminal Law, and Other Subjects Chiefly Connected With the Duties and offices of Magistrates, Forming Part of Law Journal Reports (London: E.B. Ince, 1844), pp. 73-4.

9. John D. Sedding, Art and Handicraft (London: Kegan, Paul, French, Trübner, 1893), extract, pp.126-132.

10. Fleeming Jenkin, ‘A Lecture on the Education of Civil and Mechanical Engineers in Great Britain and Abroad,’ The Education and Status of Civil Engineers, in the United Kingdom and in Foreign Countries, (London: Published by The Institution, 1870), pp. 225-231.

11. Robert Kerr, ‘The Treatment of Scientific Engineering Artistically’, Building News and Engineering Journal, 30, 10 March 1876, pp. 241-2.

12. [Anon] Textile Colourist, II, 9, September 1876. pp. 110-117.

Part 3. Mediators- Organisations

13. Exhibition at the Royal Academy Architecture Room’, Civil Engineer and Architect’s Journal, Number 1, October 1837, pp. 224-5, 254-5, 287-8

14. ‘Exhibition of British Manufactures and Decorative Arts’, Newton’s London Journal of Arts Sciences and Manufactures, 32, 1848, pp. 222-226.

15. ‘The Art Manufacture Association’, Macphail’s Edinburgh Ecclesiastical Journal, CXlIV, June 1858, pp. 367- 377.

16. Charles R. Ashbee, ‘The Arts and Crafts Movement & Its Ethical Purpose’, Craftsmanship in Competitive Industry; Being a Record of The Workshops of the Guild of Handicraft, and some Deductions From Their Twenty-One Years' Experience (Campden, Glostershire, Essex House Press, 1908) pp. 5-16.

17. ‘Bromsgrove Guild of Applied Arts’, The Craftsman, (Syracuse), 4:2, May 1903, pp. 101-106.

18. ‘Decorative Art Society’, The Art Journal, January 1847, P. 145.

19. Thomas James Cobden-Sanderson, The Arts and Crafts Movement (London: Hammersmith Publishing Society, 1905), pp. 3-8.

Part 4. Mediators - Retailer/Shops

20. Nathaniel Whittock, On the Construction and Decoration of the Shop Fronts of London, Illustrated With ... Coloured Representation ... by N. W. Forming An Appendix to the Decorative Painter and Glazier’s Guide, by The Same Author (London: Sherwood, Gilbert, and Piper 1840), pp. 1-4.

21. ‘Valuable Advice’ [Summerley’s Art Manufacture] in G. Cruikshank, Et Al. The Comic Almanack: An Ephemeris in Jest and Earnest, Containing Merry Tales, Humorous Poetry, Quips, and Oddities (London: John Camden Hotten, 1849), pp. 276-279.

22. Alice B. Haven, ‘A Morning at Stewarts’, Godey’s Lady Book and Magazine, May 1863, pp. 429-433.

23. Lewis F. Day, ‘Art of the Fashion-Monger’, Every-Day Art: Short Essays on the Arts Not Fine (London: B.T. Batsford, 1882) pp. 152-159.

Part 5. Mediators- Critics and Style Debates

24. [Anon] ‘Gothic Houses and Modern Requirements’, Gentleman’s Magazine: and Historical Review, Jan 1858, pp. 19-28.

25. Owen Jones, ‘Gleanings from the Great Exhibition of 1851’, Journal of Design and Manufactures, V, (1851), pp. 89-93.

26. Harriet Spofford, ‘The Moorish’, Art Decoration Applied to Furniture (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1878), pp. 141-46.

27. Harriet Spofford, ‘The Eastlake’, Art Decoration Applied to Furniture (New York: Harper & Bros, 1878), pp.147-153.

28. Walter Hamilton, The Aesthetic Movement in England, 2nd ed. (London: Reeves & Turner, 1882), pp. 124-127.

29. John Mckean Brydon, ‘A Few More Words About Queen Anne’, American Architect, 6 October 1877, pp. 320-22.

30. [Anon], ‘Pillory L’Art Nouveau At South Kensington’, Architectural Review, X, 1901, pp. 104-7.

31. F. Hamilton Jackson, ‘The New Art as Seen at the Paris Exhibition’, Magazine of Art, 23 December 1900, pp. 123-130.

Part 6. Mediators – Advice Books and Journals

32. John Stewart, ‘English Homes: as They are, and May be, in Furnishing and Decoration’, Art Journal, 56, August 1859, pp. 234-237.

33. [Anon] ‘Mrs. Loftie in Excelsis’, British Architect and Northern Engineer, 9, February 22, 1878, P. 83.

34. Eustace Balfour, ‘Domestic Art’, Good Words, 20, January 1879, pp. 658-662.

35. Cosmo Monkhouse, ‘The Decoration of a Home’, Magazine of Art, 5, (Jan 1882), pp. 259-264.

36. Miss Gertrude Jekyll, ‘House Decoration’, National Review, 24:142 (Dec 1894), pp. 519-529.

37. Mrs. Talbot Coke, ‘A Woman's Home’, Chambers’s Journal, 3:119 (10 March 1900), pp. 230-33.

38. Samuel Carter Hall, Retrospect of a Long Life (New York: Appleton, 1883), pp. 210-224.

Part 7. Mediators- Exhibitions

39. National Repository, ‘Catalogue for the 4th Exhibition’ (1831), Mechanics’ Magazine, XV, 395, 7 May 1831, pp. 158-9 & 14 May 1831, pp. 170-173.

40. Matthew Digby Wyatt, A Report on the Eleventh French Exposition of the Products of Industry (London: Chapman and Hall 1849), pp. 12-15.

41. [Anon] ‘A Warning on the French Exposition in London’, The Journal of Design and Manufactures, II, 1850, pp. 158-168.

42. Benjamin P. Johnson, Report of Benjamin P. Johnson, Agent of the State of New York, Appointed to Attend the Exhibition of the Industry of All Nations, Held in London, 1851 (Albany: C. Van Benthuysen, 1852), pp. 154-163.

43. William Burges, ‘The Japanese Court in the International Exhibition’, Gentleman’s Magazine and Historical Review, Sept 1862, pp. 243-54.

44. Society of Arts, London, Reports of Artisans Selected by a Committee ... Paris Universal Exhibition, 1867, (London, 1867), pp. 206-13.

45. Patrick Geddes, ‘Retrospect of Exhibitions’ Industrial Exhibitions and Modern Progress (Edinburgh: D. Douglas, 1887), pp. 1-9.

46. Walter Crane, ‘Introduction’, Arts and Crafts Exhibition Society, Catalogue of The First Exhibition: The New Gallery, 121 Regent St. (London: Chiswick Press, 1888), pp. 5-10.

47. Francis Henry Newbery, ‘The International Exhibition of Modern and Decorative Art at Turin, The English Section’, The Studio, 26, 1902, pp. 251–259.

Part 8. Mediators- Museums

48. Charles Toplis, ‘Preliminary Notice’ Museum of National Manufactures and of The Mechanical Arts, Catalogue of The Museum of National Manufactures and of The Mechanical Arts, No. 28, Leicester Square, Established in Continuation, With Extension of the Design, of the National Repository, Formerly in the King's Mews. 1833 (London: Printed by G. Eccles, 1833).

49. Edward Bradbury, ‘A Visit to Ruskin's Museum’, Magazine of Art, 2, 1879, pp. 57-60.



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Clive Edwards is Emeritus Professor of Design History at Loughborough University