1st Edition

Nineteenth-Century Interiors Volume II: Styles of Decoration and Design

Edited By Clive Edwards Copyright 2024

    This volume of primary source materials documents the nineteenth-century search for a representative style, and the alternating fashions for interiors that demonstrated the consumerism of the period. Although in some senses every interior is unique so that a style canon may seem to be meaningless, there have been important historical trends or styles that have influenced individual interiors, and these have formed the groundwork from which other styles and tastes have developed and changed. Accompanied by extensive editorial commentary, this collection will be of great interest to students and scholars of art history.

    Volume 2. Styles of Decoration and Design

    General Introduction

    Part 1. Cottages

    1. Edmund Bartell, Hints for Picturesque Improvements in Ornamented Cottages, and their Scenery: Including Some Observations on the Labourer and His Cottage. In three essays Illustrated by sketches (J. Taylor: London. 1804), pp. 46-54

    2. Esther Copley, Cottage Comforts, With Hints for Promoting Them, Gleaned From Experience: Enlivened With Authentic Anecdotes (London: Simpkin and Marshall, 1826), pp. 33-9

    3. A Sanitary Reformer, ‘Some Hints on Furnishing Cottages Cheaply’, Cottages, How to Arrange and Build Them to Ensure Comfort, Economy and Health: With Hints on Fittings and Furniture (London: Bemrose, 1878) 2nd Edition, pp. 150-6


    Part 2. Working-class spaces

    4. Samuel Bamford, Walks in South Lancashire and on its Borders: with letters, descriptions, narratives, and observations, current and incidental (Blackley, near Manchester: The author, 1844) pp. 32-3; 101-3; 274-6

    5. George Godwin, London Shadows: A Glance at the "Homes" of the Thousands (London: G. Routledge & Co. 1854), pp. 1-9

    6. John Plummer, ‘Working Men and Their Homes’, The Rose, the Shamrock, and the Thistle, 3, 7, 1863, pp. 77-8

    7. Samuel H. Parkes, Window Gardens for the People: and Clean and Tidy Rooms; Being an Experiment to Improve the Homes of the London Poor (London: S. W. Partridge, 1864), pp. 65-75

    8. John F. White, How Can Art be Best Introduced into the Houses of Persons of Limited Income? Being a paper read before the National Association for the Promotion of Social Science, at Aberdeen, 24th September 1877 (Aberdeen: Printed at the Free Press Office) pp. 738-751. Transactions of the National Association for the Promotion of Social Science. 1878), pp. 738-52

    9. Banister Fletcher, Model Houses for the Industrial Classes: Being a Review of the Defects of Existing Model Lodging-Houses (London: Batsford, 1877), pp. 62-6

    10. Paul de Rousiers, Trans. F.L.D. Herbertson, The Labour Question in Britain (London: Macmillan and Company, 1896), pp. 14-8

    Part 3. Middle-class homes

    11. James Elmes and Thomas H. Shepherd, Metropolitan Improvements; or London in the Nineteenth Century: Displayed in a series of Engravings (London: Jones and Co., 1828), pp. 52-7

    12. John H Walsh, A Manual of Domestic Economy, suited to families spending from £100to £1000 a year ... Second edition (London: Routledge, 1857), pp. 212-4

    13. Robert Edis, Decoration and Furnishing of Town Houses (London: Kegan Paul, 1881), pp. 16-25

    14. Mackay H. Baillie Scott, ‘The Decoration of the Suburban House’, The Studio, 1895, pp.15-21

    15. Reginald Blomfield, ‘Artistic Homes’, The Magazine of Art, January 1892, pp. 124-9

    16. Richard Norman Shaw R. A. ‘The Home and its Dwelling Rooms’, in W. S. Sparrow, The British Home of To-Day. a Book of Modern Domestic Architecture & the Applied Arts (London: Hodder and Stoughton 1904), pp. ci-cvi

    17. Warings, ‘How to Furnish a Flat’, in W. S., Sparrow, Verity, F. T., & Hall, E. T. Flats, urban houses and cottage homes: A companion volume to "The British home of to-day" (London: Hodder and Stoughton 1907)


    Part 4. Mansions and the Aristocracy

    18. Court Journal, … Residences of the English Nobility (London: Printed for Henry Colbourn. 1833) pp. 561-2, 593-4, 609-10

    19. Florence Caddy, Lares and Penates or the Background of Life (London: Chatto and Windus, 1881), pp. 33-51

    20. Mrs. Haweis, Beautiful Houses: Being a Description of Certain Well-Known Artistic Houses (London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington. 1882), pp. 90-8

    21. [Anon], ‘Eaton Hall’, The Chester Guide and Handbook to Eaton Hall, (London: Groombridge 1860), pp. 70-4

    22. Lewis G. Tewksbury, ‘A Typical American Interior’, The Decorator and Furnisher, 20, 4, (1892), pp.140-3

    23. Member of the Royal Household, The Private Life of the Queen (New York: D. Appleton and Co. 1897), pp. 195-207

    Part 5. Greek Revival

    24. Thomas Hope and Thomas Ustick Walter, Household Furniture and Interior Decoration, (London: Printed by T. Bensley for Longman Hurst Rees and Orme. 1807) pp. 1-18

    25. Richard Brown, The Rudiments of Drawing Cabinet and Upholstery Furniture Comprising Instructions for Designing and Delineating the Different Articles of Those Branches Geometrically and Perspectively .... (London: M. Taylor, 1835), pp. ix-xvi

    26. Peter W. Clayden, The Early Life of Samuel Rogers (London: Smith, Elder, & Company, 1887), pp. 448-51

    Part 6. Regency

    27. William Mitford, ‘Modern Furnishing’. Principles of Design in Architecture Traced in Observations On Buildings ... In A Series of Letters to a Friend (London: Luke Hansard & Sons 1809), pp. 249-56

    28. William Henry Pyne, The History of the Royal Residences of Windsor Castle, St. James's Palace, Carlton House, Kensington Palace, Hampton Court, Buckingham House (London: Printed for A. Dry. 1819), Vol 3. Extract pp. 13- 25

    29. John Britton, The Union of Architecture, Sculpture, and Painting: Exemplified In a Series of Illustrations, with Descriptive Accounts of the House and Galleries of John Soane (London: printed for the author, sold by Longman and Co., J. Taylor; and J. and A. Arch 1827), pp. 24-30

    Part 7. Gothic Revival

    30. John Rutter, Delineations of Fonthill and its Abbey: [an Illustrated History and Description of Fonthill Abbey] (London: Knight, 1823), pp. 19-23, 61-5

    31. John Claudius Loudon, An Encyclopaedia of Cottage, Farm, and Villa Architecture and Furniture: Containing Numerous Designs for Dwellings, Each Design Accompanied by Analytical and Critical Remarks (London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green, & Longman,1846 edition), pp. 1088-98

    32. Harriett Spofford, ‘The Gothic Style’, in Art Decoration Applied to Furniture (New York: Harpers 1878), pp. 81-7


    Part 8. Antiquarian/ Old English

    33. [Anon], ‘Ancient Domestic Furniture’, Gentleman’s Magazine, January 1842, pp.19-23

    34. Rev. T.D. Fosbroke, ‘Goodrich Court’, The Wye Tour, Containing an Account of Ross, Extracts Concerning the Wye, from the "Tour Of A German Prince." and an Account of Goodrich Court, the Seat of Sir Samuel Rush Meyrick, K. H. Forming an Appendix to the Author’s Prior Publication of "Gilpin On The Wye", or "Wye Tour" Fifth Edition (Ross: W. Farror, 1837), pp. 54-63

    35. [Anon], ‘Abbotsford’, Chambers Edinburgh Journal, 10 October,1840, pp. 301-2

    36. John H. Elder-Duncan, ‘Old Furniture’, The House Beautiful and Useful: Being Practical Suggestions on Furnishing and Decoration, (London: Cassel. 1907), pp. 101-23

    37. Henry Percival Shapland and H. Pringeur Benn, Style Schemes in Antique Furnishing: Interiors and their Treatment (London: Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent, 1909), pp. 9-10, 16-17

    38. Basil Oxenden, ‘How to Choose Old Furniture’, in Lawrence Weaver, The House and its Equipment, (Country Life and George Newnes: London; New York: Charles Scribner's Sons 1913), pp. 67-72

    Part 9. Arts and Crafts

    39. [Anon], ‘Medieval Court International Exhibition’, Building News 9, 1862, p. 99

    40. Elbert Hubbard, ‘William Morris’, The Philistine, September 1899, pp. 97-106

    41. ‘The Smaller Middle Class House’, in Barry Parker and Raymond Unwin, The Art of Building a Home: a Collection of Lectures and Illustrations (London: Longman, 1901), pp. 1-10

    42. Mackay H. Baillie Scott, ‘What is and Could Be’, Houses and gardens, (London: G. Newnes. 1906), pp. 5-13

    43. Martha Cutler, Periods of Household Decoration, ‘Arts and Crafts’, Harper’s Bazaar, New York, 40, 2, February (1906), pp. 162-6

    44. Gustav Stickley, ‘A Word About Craftsman Architecture’, More Craftsman Homes (New York City: The Craftsman Publishing Company, 1912), pp 1-4

    Part 10. Art Furnishings

    45. [Anon], ‘Cimabue and Coal-scuttles’, The Cornhill Magazine, 42, 247, July (1880) pp. 61-76

    46. Florence Caddy, ‘The Fashion of Today’, Lares and Penates, Or, The Background of Life (London: Chatto and Windus, 1881), pp.162-79

    47. ‘Mr. Louis C. Tiffany’s Rooms’, Artistic Houses: Being a Series of Interior Views of a Number of the Most Beautiful and Celebrated Homes in The United States: With a Description of the Art Treasures Contained Therein (New York: Printed for the subscribers by D. Appleton and Company, 1883-1884), pp.1-6

    48. [Anon], ‘Art-Furnishing for Modern Houses’, The Cabinet Maker 1 October 1880, pp, 61-2

    49. Lewis F. Day, ‘A Kensington Interior’, The Art Journal, 1893, p.142

    Part 11. Orientalism/Exoticism

    50. W. L. D. O’Grady, ‘Influence of Oriental Art on Modern American Decoration’, The Decorator and Furnisher 4, 6, 1884, pp. 211-12

    51. C. W. Clark, ‘An Occidental Interior’, The Decorator and Furnisher, 13, 2 November, 1888, pp. 53-4

    52. Harriet E. P. Spofford, Art Decoration Applied to Furniture (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1878), pp. 161-6

    53. [Anon], ‘A Room Decorated in the Moorish style’, Painting and Decorating: A Journal Treating of House, Sign, Fresco, Car, and Carriage Painting and of Wallpaper and Decoration, New York, (1894), pp. 639-42

    Part 12. Japonisme

    54. M. E. James, How to Decorate our Ceilings, Walls and Floors ... with Diagrams and Coloured Illustrations, etc. (London: Bell & Sons, 1883), p. 71-4

    55. Fred Miller, ‘Japanese Art as Applied to English Decoration’, Interior Decoration. A Practical Treatise on Surface Decoration. with Notes on Colour, Stencilling, and Panel Painting (London: Menken 1885), 2nd edition, pp. 81-9

    56. Miss M. Nicolle, ‘Japanese Art Wares", in O. Wilde, (ed) The Woman's World, (London: Cassell and Co. 1888), pp. 94-6

    57. [Anon], ‘Famous Mansion For Sale: Mr. Mortimer Menpes' Wonderful House: A Piece of Japan’, The Observer, 7 November, 1909), p. 16

    Part 13. Rococo Revival (Tous les Louis)

    58. Theodore Child, ‘An Artists House’, The Decorator and Furnisher, 4, 3 June 1884, pp. 98-100

    59. J. Moyr Smith, Ornamental Interiors Ancient & Modern (London: Crosby Lockwood and Company 1887), pp. 88-93

    Part 14. "Queen Anne"

    60. John James Stevenson, ‘On the Recent Reaction of Taste in English Architecture’, Building News, 26 June 1874, pp. 689-90

    61. Robert Kerr, ‘English Architecture Thirty Years Hence’, Proceedings of the Conference of Architects, The Architect, 17 May 1884, pp. 324-5

    62. Henry Hudson Holly, ‘The Queen Anne Style’, Modern Dwellings in Town and Country Adapted to American Wants and Climate with a Treatise on Furniture and Decoration (New York: Harper & Brothers, Publishers. 1878), pp. 17-21

    63. [Anon], ‘Household Furniture: The Queen Anne Style’, Harper’s Bazar, 9, 21 October, 1876, pp. 674-5


    Part 15. Art Nouveau

    64. Helen Churchill Candee, Decorative Styles and Periods in the Home (London: Hodder and Stoughton. 1900), pp. 281-90

    65. Henry J. Jennings, Our Homes and how to Beautify them (London: Harrison & Sons, 1902), pp. 57-61




    Clive Edwards is Professor Emeritus of Design History at Loughborough University.