1st Edition

Nineteenth-Century Interiors Volume IV: Products and Processes

Edited By Clive Edwards Copyright 2024

    This volume of primary source materials documents the essential practical aspects of making a home, decorating it and then furnishing it. The crucial constitutive parts that make up an interior from floor to ceiling are considered here in detail. The role of advice books and articles that attempted to direct homemakers in particular directions are examined, as are the more practical how-to publications that demonstrated the processes of interior decoration. Accompanied by extensive editorial commentary, this collection will be of great interest to students and scholars of art history.

    Volume 4. Products and Processes

    Part 1. Flooring, Carpets and Rugs

    1. Eliza Leslie, ‘Carpets’, in The House Book or a Manual of Domestic Economy (Philadelphia; Carey and Hart. 1840), pp. 173-80

    2. Clarence Cook, ‘The Living Room’, in The House Beautiful, Essays on Beds, Tables, Stools and Candlesticks (New York: Scribner Armstrong, 1878), pp. 49-56

    3. George Wagstaffe Yapp, ‘No. 9 – Carpets and Rugs’, in Art Industry, Furniture, Upholstery, and House Decoration (London: J. S. Virtue & Co., 1879), pp. 53-5

    4. Jacob von Falke, Art in the House: Historical, Critical, and Æsthetical Studies on the Decoration and Furnishing of the Dwelling (Boston: L. Prang & Co., 1879), pp. 186-98

    5. Robert W. Edis, ‘Floors and Floorcoverings’, in Shirley Foster Murphy, (ed.), Our Homes and How to Make them Healthy. [Papers on sanitary subjects] (London: Cassell & Co., 1883), pp. 325-32

    6. [Anon], ‘American Parquetry’, The Decorator and Furnisher, 17, 1, October 1890, p. 5

    7. George Leland Hunter, Home Furnishing; Facts and Figures About Furniture Carpets and Rugs, Lamps and Lighting, Fixtures, Wall Papers, Window Shades and Draperies Tapestries Etc. (New York: John Lane 1913), pp. 81-9


    Part 2. Walls and Wallpaper

    8. David Hay, ‘On the Comparative Advantages of Painting and Papering the Walls of Apartments in Dwelling-Houses’, Architectural Magazine, and Journal of Improvement in Architecture, Building, and Furnishing, and in the various Arts and Trades Connected Therewith, 2, 18, 1835, pp. 362-5

    9. Charles Knight, The Pictorial Gallery of Arts: Useful Arts (London: Chas Knight, 1847), Vol 1. pp. 178-82

    10. Christopher Dresser, ‘Treatment of Walls’, in Principles of Decorative Design (London: Cassell, 1873), pp. 83-92

    11. [Anon], ‘Selecting Wall-Papers’, The Decorator and Furnisher 17, 2, 1890, p. 60

    12. Arthur S. Jennings, Practical Paper Hanging, A Handbook on Decoration in Paper and other Materials (New York: Comstock, 1892), pp. 94-8

    13. Louis H Gibson, Beautiful Houses; A Study in House-Building. Foreign Examples in Domestic Architecture; A Collection of American House Plans; Materials and Details for the Artistic House-Builder; the Architect (New York: T.Y. Crowell & Co. 1895), pp. 302-9

    Part 3. Ceilings

    14. John Claudius Loudon, ‘Ceilings’, in An Encyclopaedia of Cottage, Farm, and Villa Architecture and Furniture: Containing numerous designs for dwellings, each design accompanied by analytical and critical remarks (London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green, & Longman, 1835), pp. 939-41

    15. Richard Brown, ‘On Decorations of Ceilings’, in Domestic Architecture: Containing a History of the Science and the Principles of Designing Public Edifices Private Dwelling-Houses Country Mansions and Suburban Villas (London: G. Virtue. 1841-2), pp. 200-3

    16. [Anon], ‘The Decoration of Ceilings’, The Workshop 2, 7, 1869, pp. 97-100

    17. Guy C. Rothery, ‘Present day Practice’, in Ceilings and their Decoration: Art and Archaeology, present day practice (London: T.W. Laurie, 1911), pp. 252-64

    Part 4. Woodwork, Fixtures and Fittings

    18. Eversfield & Horne, Catalogue of the Materials and Interior Fittings of one House, Being No. 83, Great Russell Street ... which will be sold by auction ... October 5th1843, etc. (London: Hayes, 1843)

    19. Cutting and Delaney, Our Doors and Windows: How to Decorate Them (Buffalo NY., Cutting and Delaney 1889), pp. 14-16, 68, 84-5

    20. [Anon], ‘Fitments: II. The Dining-Room’, The Decorator and Furnisher, 21, 3, Dec. 1892, pp. 92-4

    21. [Anon], ‘Nos, 1 TO 3—Furniture, Fitments and Decorations of Cosy Corners, for Smoking-Rooms, &c., &c.’, The Young Ladies Journal ,1 April 1892, p. 208

    22. Aymer Vallance, ‘The Furnishing and Decoration of the House: Part. 2: Walls, Windows and Stairs’, Art Journal, 54, 1892, pp. 44-9

    23. Charles H. B. Quennell, ‘Architectural Furniture’, in Lawrence Weaver, The House and its Equipment (Country Life and George Newnes: London; New York: Charles Scribner's Sons 1912), pp. 16-22

    Part 5. Paintwork

    24. William M. Higgins, ‘Common Errors in House Painting’, in The House Painter; or Decorator’s Companion: ... To which is added, a history of the art in all ages (London: Thomas Kelly 1841), pp. 38-47

    25. Paul Hasluck, Practical Graining and Marbling: with numerous engravings and diagrams (London: Cassell, 1902) pp. 10-11

    Part 6. Plasterwork/Paper Mâché

    26. Charles Frederick Bielefeld, On the Use of the Improved Papier Mâcheì in Furniture, in the Interior Decoration of Buildings, And in Works of Art (London: Papier Mâché Works, no. 15, Wellington Street North, Strand, 1850), pp. 3-11

    27. Laurence Arthur Turner, ‘Modern British Plasterwork -I: A General Review’, The Architectural Review 23, 137, 1908, pp. 222-26

    Part 7. Colour Schemes

    28. David R. Hay, The Laws of Harmonious Colouring, Adapted to Interior Decorations, &C: to which is now Added an Attempt to Define Æsthetical Taste (London: W.S. Orr. 1836), pp. 25-8

    29. Michel-Eugène Chevreul, The Principles of Harmony and Contrast of Colours, and Their Applications to the Arts Including Painting, Interior Decoration, Tapestries, Carpets, Mosaics, Coloured Glazing, Paper-staining, Calico-printing, Letterpress Printing, Map-colouring, Dress, Landscape and Flower Gardening, Etc. Translated from the French by Charles Martel. Third Edition (London: Bohn 1860), pp. 228-30

    30. William White, ‘Hygienic Value of Colour in the Dwelling’, in International Health Exhibition Conferences, Volume 7: The Sanitary Construction of Houses, (London: William Clowes and Sons, 1884), pp. 287-94

    31. Christopher H. Dresser, ‘The Decoration of Our Homes’, The Art Amateur, 12, 4, 1885, pp. 14-15, 17

    32. Charles H. Aide, ‘Colour in Domesticity and Dress’, Fortnightly Review, 45 269, 1889, pp. 684-92

    33. Edward J. Duveen, Colour in the Home: with notes on Architecture, Sculpture, Painting, and upon Decoration and Good Taste (London: Allen. 1911), pp. 141-58

    34. John D. Crace, ‘The Scheme of Colour’, The Art of Colour Decoration (London: Batsford, 1912), pp. 9-13

    Part 8. Furniture and Furnishings

    35. [Anon], ‘New and Fashionable Articles of Furniture’, The Lady's Monthly Museum, vol. VI, 1 April 1801, pp. 288-92

    36. [Anon], ‘New Fashionable Furniture’, La Belle Assemblée, or Bell’s Court and Fashionable Magazine Addressed Particularly to the Ladies, 1 Dec. 1806, pp. 53-4 Supplement

    37. [Anon], ‘Furniture Bad and Good’, All the Year Round, 8, 182, 25 May 1872, pp. 42-4

    38. [Anon], ‘On Furniture’, Englishwoman’s Domestic Magazine, vol. XX, no. 133, 1 January 1876, pp.90-1

    39. M. G. H., ‘How She furnished her House out of the Garret’, Harper’s Bazar, 23, April, 19, 1890, pp. 300-1

    40. Edward Howell, ‘The Artistic Tendency in House Decoration’, Furniture Gazette, 16 March 1881, pp. 196-8

    41. Mrs William Chance, ‘Some Notes on Old and New Furniture and on Furnishing at the Present Day’, The Artist, 31, July 1901, pp. 197-204

    Part 9. Textiles and Drapery

    42. Thomas Webster and the late Mrs. Parkes, ‘Window Curtains’, in An Encyclopaedia of Domestic Economy… (London: Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans, 1844), pp. 220-5

    43. [Anon], ‘Drapery Curtains and Blinds’, in How to Furnish a House and Make it a Home. The Economic Library, vol 5 (London: Groombridge & Sons, 1855), pp.118-25

    44. [Anon], ‘Hints on Upholstery’, in The Economical Housewife. and Complete Practical Guide to Domestic Management (London: Ward Lock, 1880), pp. 67-72

    45. [Anon], ‘Mantel-Valances, Scarfs and Lambrequins’, Home Decoration. 1, 3, New York, 6 February 1886, pp. 29-30

    46. Lewis F. Day, ‘Upholstery in Decoration’, The Decorator and Furnisher, 20, 4, 1892, pp.134-6

    Part 10. Fireplaces and Mantelpieces

    47. Frederick Edwards, Our Domestic Fireplaces (London: Robert Hardwicke. 1865), pp. 63-6

    48. [Anon], ‘The Modern Mantelpiece. A New and Artistic Feature in Home Decoration’, The Decorator and Furnisher, 29, 3, 1896, pp. 74-5

    49. Guy C. Rothery, Chimneypieces and Ingle Nooks, Their Design and Ornamentation (London: T. Werner Laurie. 1912). pp. 139-49

    Part 11. Lighting

    50. John Obadiah Newell Rutter, Advantages of Gas in Private Houses (London: Virtue, 1836), pp. 50-7

    51. Robert Hammond, The Electric Light in our Homes (London: Frederick Warne. 1884), pp. 98-109

    52. Mrs J. E. H. Gordon, ‘The Library’, in Decorative Electricity (London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington, 1891), pp. 63-73

    53. Victor Zingler, ‘Illumination of Rooms’, in Lawrence Weaver, The House and its Equipment (Country Life and George Newnes: London; New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1912), pp. 116-18


    Part 12. Plumbing, Sanitation and Water Supply

    54. Benjamin W. Richardson, M. D., ‘Health at Home, Part I’, Appleton’s Journal: A Magazine of General Literature 8, 4, April 1880, pp. 313-19

    55. Robert. W. Edis, ‘On Sanitation in Decoration’, Transactions of the Brighton Health Congress, 1881, (London: E. Marlborough and Co.,1881), pp. 318-28

    56. Benjamin W. Richardson, ‘Health in the Home’, in Shirley Forster Murphy and Robert Brudenell Carter, Our Homes and How to Make them Healthy (London: Cassell,1883), pp. 27-32

    Part 13. Ventilation and Heating

    57. Charles Sylvester, The Philosophy of Domestic Economy (London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme and Brown, 1819), pp. 1-11

    58. Ernest Henry Jacob, ‘The Ventilation of Houses’, Notes on the Ventilation and Warming of Houses, Churches, Schools, (London: SPCK, 1894), pp.70-7


    Part 14. Home Management

    59 Stephen R. Fiske, English Photographs (London: Tinsley Brothers. 1869), pp. 192-8

    60. Anna Leach, ‘Science in the Model Kitchen’, in Marion Harland, Home Making, (Boston: Hall and Locke Company, 1911), pp. 176-87

    61. Christine Frederick, ‘The New Housekeeping’, Ladies Home Journal 29, 9 September 1912, p. 12+

    62. R. Randal Phillips, ‘Housework on a System’, in The Servantless House, (London: Country Life Ltd., 1920), pp. 150-6

    Part 15. Pets and Animals (Live and stuffed)

    63 Dante G. Rossetti, and W. M. Rossetti, Dante Gabriel Rossetti: His Family-letters, (London: Ellis and Elvey, 1895), pp. 252-5

    64. William G. Fitzgerald, ‘Animal Furniture’, The Strand Magazine, 12, 1896, pp. 273-80

    Part 16. DIY and Home Crafts

    65. Constance C. Harrison, ‘Decoration of the Mantel-Shelf’, in Woman’s Handiwork in Modern Homes (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1881), pp. 169-75

    66. Almon. C. Varney, Our Homes and their Adornments: How to build, finish, furnish & adorn a home ... designed to make happy homes for happy people, (Detroit: J.C. Chilton Pub. Co. 1885), pp. 266-71

    67. Florence Caddy, ‘How to Furnish a Drawing Room for 18 Guineas’, Girl’s Own Paper, 1891, pp. 228-31




    Clive Edwards is Professor Emeritus of Design History at Loughborough University.