1st Edition

Nineteenth-Century Religion, Literature and Society Mission and Reform

Edited By Angharad Eyre Copyright 2021
    364 Pages
    by Routledge

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    This four-volume historical resource provides new opportunities for investigating the relationship between religion, literature and society in Britain and its imperial territories by making accessible a diverse selection of harder-to-find primary sources. These include religious fiction, poetry, essays, memoirs, sermons, travel writing, religious ephemera, unpublished notebooks and pamphlet literature. Spanning the long nineteenth century (c.1789–1914), the resource departs from older models of ‘the Victorian crisis of faith’ in order to open up new ways of conceptualising religion. This second volume is called ‘Mission and Reform’ and it considers the social and political importance of religious faith and practice as expressed through foreign and domestic mission and philanthropic and political movements at home and abroad.



    Volume 2: Mission and Reform

    Ed. Angharad Eyre



    Part 1. The Foreign Mission Movement

    1.1 Gaining support

    1. Anon., Dialogue between A Minister and a Parishioner concerning the Church Missionary Society ([London]: Church Missionary Society, c. 1830–9), pp. 1-12.

    1.2 Children

    2. E. M. I, ‘Lessons from Heathen Lands’, in Missionary Stories (London: John Snow, 1843–4), pp. 3-8.

    3. John Campbell, Worlds Displayed for the Benefit of Young People by a Familiar History of Some of their Inhabitants, in The Juvenile Cabinet of Travels and Narratives for the Amusement and Instruction of Young Persons (London: Francis Westley, 1825), pp. 101-2, 105-7, 124, 126-29, 137. [abridged]

    1.3 Women and authority in the mission field

    4. Anon., Memoirs of Female Labourers in the Missionary Cause (Bath: [n.p.], 1839), Introduction by Richard Knill, pp. v–vii, 1–9.

    5. Editorial, Female Missionary Intelligencer, 1 [1853] (Dublin: SPFEE, 1854), pp. 1–4, 15–17.

    6. Pandita Ramabai, ‘Report’, Report of the Annual Meeting of the Ramabai Association (Boston: Geo. H. Ellis, 1892), pp. 21–7.

    1.4 Masculinity and leadership

    7. Anon., Soldiership and Christianity: Being a Review of the Memoirs of the Late Hedley Vicars (London: Ward and Co., 1856), pp. 3-16. [abridged]

    8. Anon., review of ‘Vikings of Today’, London Hospital Gazette (1895), pp. 52–3.

    9. A. F. Childe, Good out of Evil; or, the History of Adjai the African Slave-Boy (London: Wertheim and Macintosh, 1850), pp. 80–97, 100-1, 108–10, 114–21. [abridged]

    1.5 Ethnography and anthropology

    10. Robert Moffat, Missionary Labours and Scenes in Southern Africa (London: John Snow, 1843), pp. 1–15. [abridged]

    11. George Taplin [and James Ngunaitponi], The Narrinyeri in Woods (ed.), The Native Tribes of South Australia (Adelaide: Wigg and Son, 1879), p. 1-2, 34–6, 48–51, 128–9. [abridged]

    1.6 Biblical history, geography and travel writing

    12. Charlotte Elizabeth Tonna, ‘Palestine’, in Osric: A Missionary Tale, with The Garden and Other Poems [1826] (Dublin: Curry, [n.d.]), pp. 43–8.

    13. Anon., ‘Lebanon and its Cedars’, Sunday at Home, 1 (May 1854), pp. 6–7.

    14. Constance Maynard, ‘A Few Pages from a Diary’, Hermes, 12 (1898), Queen Mary Archives, WFD/23/3, pp. 8–10.

    15. Constance Maynard, ‘A Few Pages from a Diary (Continued)’, Hermes, 13 (1899), Queen Mary Archives, WFD/23/3, pp. 13–15.

    16. Constance Maynard, ‘Letter from the Mistress’, Hermes, 17 (1900), Queen Mary Archives, WFD/23/3, pp. 10–12.

    Part 2. Home Missions

    2.1 Unitarian Home Missionary Board

    17. ‘Unitarian Home Missionary Board’, privately circulated, 1853, University of Manchester Library, Unitarian College Collection, UCC 1/6/2/3.

    2.2 University settlements

    18. Frederick Rogers, The New Movement at the Universities and What May Come of it, by a Whitechapel Man ([n.p.]: [n.p.], [1886]).

    19. ‘The Women’s University Settlement’, Old Students’ Association Newsletter (Oxford: Lady Margaret Hall, 1894), pp. 10–13, ‘Opening of the Lady Margaret Hall New Buildings’ and ‘Proposed LMH Settlement’, Old Students’ Association Newsletter (Oxford: Lady Margaret Hall, 1896), pp. 12–18, 19–23, ‘The Settlement’, Old Students’ Association Newsletter (Oxford: Lady Margaret Hall, 1897), pp. 10–11.

    2.3 Revivalism

    20. Phoebe Palmer, Four Years in the Old World: Comprising the Travels, Incidents, and Evangelical Labors of Dr and Mrs Palmer in England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales (New York: [n.p], 1866), p. v, 84–85, 90-98, 106-7, 110-12. [abridged]

    21. Maurice Davies, ‘The "Twelve Days’ Mission"’, in Orthodox London: Or Phases of Religious Life in the Church of England, 2nd edn (London: Tinsley Brothers, 1874), pp. 267, 269-71, 274-78, 279–82. [abridged]

    22. Society of St John the Evangelist (the Holy Cross), ‘What is a Mission?’ and ‘Confession’, in The Book of the Mission (London: [n.p.], [1870]), pp. iv–v, 17–19.

    2.4 The Salvation Army

    23. William Booth, ‘The Free-and-Easy’, in Orders and Regulations for Field Officers (London: Salvation Army: 1886), pp. 322–3.

    24. ‘"Quenched": Rescue Report for 1895’, The War Cry, 23 November 1895, p. 4.

    25. ‘Married Women Warriors’, The War Cry, 26 January 1895, p. 7.

    26. ‘Married Women Warriors,’ The War Cry, 13 April 1895, p. 13.

    27. ‘Women Warriors’, The War Cry, 11 April 1896, p. 5.

    2.5 The Mission to the Jews

    28. London Society for Promoting Christianity Amongst the Jews, ‘Abstract of the 27th Report’, supplement to Jewish Intelligence, 1835, pp. 6-8, 15-16. [abridged]

    29. ‘A Visit to the Chapel of the Hebrew Christian Brethren in London by a Converted Israelite’, The Christian Lady’s Friend and Family Repository, May 1832, pp. 421–3.

    30. Osborn W. Trenery Heighway, Leila Ada: The Jewish Convert, an Authentic Memoir [1852] (London: Partridge, Oakey and Co., 1854), pp. vii–xiii, 88-96. [abridged]


    Part 3. Reforming Private Life

    3.1 Temperance

    31. William Gaskell, ‘Dread Memories’, ‘A Mother’s Death-Song for her Child’, ‘Parting Words’ and ‘Heaven to Thee!’, in Temperance Rhymes (London: Simpkin, Marshall and Co., 1839), pp. 15–17, 23, 67–9, 70–1. [abridged]

    32. The Importance of Sobriety Illustrated by the Evils of Intemperance (London: RTS, c. 1850), pp. 1-7.

    3.2 Sabbatarianism

    33. Sabbath Occupations (London: Religious Tract Society, c. 1820), pp. 1-8.

    34. Edward Capern, ‘The Rural Postman’, in Poems (London: W. Kent and Co., 1859), pp. 9–13.

    3.3 Fidelity in the upper classes

    35. ‘Letter to a Friend in the Higher Circles of Society’, Christian Lady’s Friend and Family Repository, November 1831, pp. 101–5.

    36. Arthur Selous, The Young Governess: A Tale for Girls (London: Griffith, Farran, Okeden and Welsh, c. 1870–9), p. 17-18, 26, 28-9, 39, 106–14. [abridged]

    3.4 Education

    37. Dinah Craik, Bread upon the Waters, in Bread upon the Waters; A Family in Love; A Low Marriage; The Double House [Governesses’ Benevolent Institution, 1852] (Leipzig: Bernhard Tauchnitz, 1865), pp. 50-59, 70-72. [abridged]

    38. G. F. B., Charlie Brame: or what came of loitering (London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1870), pp. 5-15. [abridged]

    39. Mary B. G. Slade, ‘The Missionary Meeting’, in For Week Evening Entertainment (London: Sunday School Union, 1887), pp. 1–4.

    Part 4. Social and Political Reform

    4.1 Abolitionism

    40. Susanna Watts and Elizabeth Heyrick, ‘Remarks on the Descent of the Africans from Ham’, The Humming Bird, or Morsels of Information on the Subject of Slavery, 1, 2, January 1825, pp. 35-38, 39-45. [abridged]

    41. Isaac Nelson, Slavery Supported by the American Churches and Countenanced by Recent Proceedings in the Free Church of Scotland (Edinburgh: Charles Ziegler, 1847), pp. 2–7. [abridged]

    4.2 Prison reform

    42. Mary Carpenter, ‘On Reformatory Schools and their Present Position’, in Jelinger Symons (ed.,) On the Reformation of Young Offenders: A Collection of Pamphlets, Papers and Speeches on Reformatories and the Various Views Held on the Subject of Juvenile Crime and its Treatment (London: G. Routledge and Co., 1855), pp. 131–35, 138. [abridged]

    43. Walter Lowe Clay, The Prison Chaplain: A Memoir of the Reverend John Clay B.D. Late Chaplain of the Preston Gaol (Cambridge: Macmillan, 1861), pp. vii–viii, 351-352, 356-61, 364-66, 68-70. [abridged]

    44. [Fred W. Robinson], Female Life in Prison: By a Prison Matron, 2 vols (London: Hurst and Blackett, 1862), vol. 1, pp. 1–9, 44–50. [abridged]

    4.3 Philanthropic organisations

    45. Clara Collet, ‘George Gissing’s Novels’, Charity Organisation Review, May 1891, pp. 375–80. [abridged]

    46. Baroness Burdett Coutts: A Sketch of her Public Life and Work, 1893, pp. 15–19, 21–3, 25-7, 105–10, 176–80. [abridged]

    4.4 Social purity

    47. ‘On the Repeal of the CD Act in India’, The Sentinel, September 1888, pp. 109–10.

    48. J. E. H. [Ellice Hopkins], Is it Natural? (London: Hatchards, [1885]), pp. 3–13. [abridged].

    4.5 Christian Socialism

    49. Stewart Headlam, The Service of Humanity and other Sermons (London: J. Hodges, 1882), pp. 1, 3-7, 11, 13-18. [abridged].

    50. Eliza and John Trevor, The Labour Church Hymn Book (Manchester: Labour Church Institute, [1895]), pp. 1–7. [abridged].

    51. John Clifford, Socialism and the Teaching of Christ, Fabian Tract no. 78 (London: Fabian Society, 1897), pp. 2-7, 10-11. [abridged]

    4.6 Women’s Suffrage

    52. Barbara Bodichon, English Woman’s Journal, 3 (March 1859), pp. 34–35, 39-44, 46-47. [abridged]

    53. Emily Wilding Davison, ‘The Price of Liberty’, Suffragette, 5 June 1914, p. 129.

    54. Gertrude Spielmann, ‘Woman’s Place in the Synagogue’, Jewish Review, 4 (1913–4) pp. 24–28, 31-34, 36. [abridged]


    Angharad Eyre is a Teaching Associate at Queen Mary, University of London, UK.