Nitride Phosphors and Solid-State Lighting: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Nitride Phosphors and Solid-State Lighting

1st Edition

By Rong-Jun Xie, Yuan Qiang Li, Naoto Hirosaki, Hajime Yamamoto

CRC Press

348 pages | 16 Color Illus. | 226 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2011-06-13
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Nitride Phosphors and Solid-State Lighting provides an in-depth introduction to the crystal chemistry, synthesis, luminescence, and applications of phosphor materials for solid-state lighting, mainly focusing on new nitride phosphors. Drawing on their extensive experimental work, the authors offer a multidisciplinary study of phosphor materials that encompasses materials science, inorganic chemistry, solid-state chemistry, solid-state physics, optical spectroscopy, crystal field theory, and computational materials science.

The book begins with an introduction to the principles, semiconductor/phosphor materials, and characterizations of solid-state lighting and white light-emitting diodes (LEDs). It then discusses the optical and luminescence processes occurring in optically active centers of solid materials and presents the photoluminescence properties of traditional phosphors for white LEDs, including garnets, aluminates, silicates, sulfides, oxysulfides, phosphates, and scheelites.

The remainder of the text focuses on newly developed nitride phosphors. The authors describe the crystal chemistry of general nitride compounds, the crystal structure and photoluminescence properties of new nitride phosphors, and synthetic methods for preparing nitride phosphors. They detail the structural analysis of nitride phosphors and present experimental and computational results of typical nitride phosphors. The authors also examine key issues, such as excitation and emission spectra, thermal quenching, and quantum efficiency. The final chapter explores applications of nitride phosphors in white LEDs for general lighting and LCD backlight purposes.

Covering novel luminescent materials, this book brings you up to date on the evolving field of solid-state lighting. It illustrates the fundamentals, synthesis, properties, and applications of the latest nitride phosphor materials.

Table of Contents

Introduction to Solid-State Lighting

Basics of Solid-State Lighting

Basics of White Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs)

Applications of Solid-State Lighting

Introduction to Luminescence

Classification of Optical Processes

Fundamentals of Luminescence

Luminescent Centers

Measurement of Luminescence

Traditional Phosphors in White LEDs

Requirements for Phosphors in White LEDs

Classification of Phosphors

Photoluminescent Properties of Traditional Phosphors

Nitride Phosphors in White LEDs

Classification and Crystal Chemistry of Nitride Compounds

Nitride Phosphors

Tunable Luminescence of Nitride Phosphors

Synthesis of Nitride Phosphors

Structural Analysis of Nitride Phosphors

X-Ray Diffraction and Rietveld Refinement

Electron Microscopy Observations

XANES/EXAFS Techniques

First-Principles Calculations

Molecular Orbital (MO) Cluster Calculations

Some Key Issues in Understanding Nitride Phosphors


Absorption and Luminescence Transitions at Long Wavelength

Quantum Efficiency and Thermal Quenching

Effects of Lattice Imperfections on Luminescence Properties

Applications of Nitride Phosphors in White LEDs

White LEDs for Lighting/General Lighting

White LEDs for LCD Backlights


References appear at the end of each chapter.

About the Authors

Rong-Jun Xie is a senior researcher at the National Institute for Materials Science in Japan. His research interests include nitride phosphor materials for solid state lighting, optical ceramics, and sintering of ceramics.

Yuan Qiang Li is a senior phosphor scientist at Lightscape Materials, Inc. in the United States. He was previously a professor at Nanjing University of Technology in China.

Naoto Hirosaki is a group leader at the National Institute for Materials Science in Japan. He has published more than 230 papers in the areas of non-oxide ceramics and nitride phosphor materials.

Hajime Yamamoto is a professor emeritus at the Tokyo University of Technology. He is also the president of the Phosphor Research Society of Japan.

About the Series

Series in Optics and Optoelectronics

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Physics