No Timber Without Trees
Sustainability in the tropical forest
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Much of the world's tropical timber is still supplied from natural forest, but under current systems of management the forests are rapidly becoming exhausted. Unless management practices change to become genuinely sustainable, neither the forests nor the essential contribution of the timber industry to many economies will survive. Duncan Poore reviews the extent to which natural forests are already being sustainably managed for timber production, and looks at how these practices can be enlarged. He places management for timber in the wider context of tropical forest conservation and outlines a strategy for further action. Thoroughly researched and accessibly written, this book will be useful for everyone working or interested in the subject of tropical forests. Foreword by Dato Dr B.C.Y. Freezailah Originally published in 1989
Table of Contents
Preface Acknowledgements I. The Sustainable Management of Natural Forest: the Issues Duncan Poore Some Definitions Natural Forest; Sustainable Timber Production; Sustainable Production per Unit Area and Sustainable Supply; Management and its Intensity The Context The Trade and its Future Sources of Timber; the National Economic Context of Forest Management; Sustainability and the Environmental Context; The Social Context The Sustainable Development and Conservation of Tropical Forest Lands What Does it Mean?; The Balance of Use; Conservation: the Moving Target; What is the Scope of Tropical Forest Conservation?; What is the Starting-point?; The Elements of the Ideal; Economic and Social Considerations; Planning Considerations; International Dovetailing Definition of Issues in the ITTO Study Queensland, Australia: an Approach to Successful Sustainable Management Duncan Poore The Rain Forests Distribution and Character; Policy; Area of the Forests and Status Forest Management Objectives; Timber Production; Silvicultural System; Calculation of the Annual Allowable Cut Rainforest Logging Volume of Timber; The Planning of Logging; Tree Marking; Environmental Guidelines; Effects of Logging; Financial Considerations Research Conclusion 3. Africa Simon Rietbergen Present State of Natural Forest Management and Exploitation How much Forest is being Managed at Present?; What is Happening to the Tropical Moist Forest?; Timber Exploitation and Processing Forest Exploitation and Management: the Wider Context Forest and Land-use Policy; Forest Legislation and Reservation; The Control of Logging; Socioeconomic and Financial Policy; Economic Circumstances Conditioning Forest Management; Information Needed for Forest Management Conclusions 4. South America and the Caribbean Timothy Synnott Forest Land and its Control Trinidad and Tobago; Brazil; Bolivia; Peru; Ecuador; Honduras Forest Laws and Policy Trinidad; Brazil; Bolivia; Peru; Ecuador; Yonduras Forest Management and Silviculture Trinidad; Brazil; Bolivia; Peru; Ecuador; Honduras Research Logging Industries Training Appendix: Abbreviations 5. Asia P.F. Burgess Forest Policy The Forests and Forest Protection; Control of the Rate of Forest Utilization The forests Classification by Area; Selection, Demarcation and Protection; National Forest Inventory Forest Operations and Management Concession Agreements; Silvicultural Systems; Pre-felling Inventories; Marking for Fellings; Control of Exploitation Damage and Quality of Residuals; Yarding: Methods and Slope Limits; Transport Systems, Road Design and Maintenance; Post-felling Inventories; Planting Voids and Enrichment Planting; Security of Worked Coupes; Recruitment of the Regeneration Stock; Monitoring of the Developing Stand Extent of Sustainable Management in the Region Adequacy and Independence of Staff; Funding of Forestry Departments; Decentralization of Forest Departments: State Versus Federal Forests; Research and Training; Forestry Training Prospects for Sustained-yield Management within the Region Sustainable Supply; The Main Factors Hindering or Preventing Sustained-yield Management; Circumstances where Sustained-yield Management is Succeeding 6. Management of Natural Forest for Sustainable Timber Production: A Commentary John Palmer Diagnosis with Examples of Problems Demography; Social factors; Land Tenure; Cultural Factors; Technological Factors; Economic Factors; Institutional Factors; Educational Factors; Research Information Prescriptions for Improvement Education and Recruitment; Policy Development; Institutional Development; Forestry Research; Gaps in Information for Management of TMF; Critical Knowledge for Sustainable Management (Decision Chart) Conclusion 7. Conclusions Duncan Poore The Iindings of the study Introduction; How much Forest is under Management for Sustainable Timber Production at an Operational scale?; Overall Picture The Conditions for Sustainable Production Long-term Security of Operation; Operational Control; A Suitable Financial Environment; Adequate Information; Conditions of Success General Conclusions 8. Recommended Action Duncan Poore The Elements of a Strategy for ITTO: Recommended Actions Promotion; Diagnosis Examples; Facilitation 9. Recent Developments Duncan Poore ITTO: Substantial Progress TFAP: Change of Gear Actions by Producer Governments Action by the Timber Trade Consumer Campaigns 10. Postscript: an Uncertain Future Duncan Poore Additional Reading Index