1st Edition

Non-Destructive Techniques for the Evaluation of Structures and Infrastructure

Edited By Belén Riveiro, Mercedes Solla Copyright 2016

    This book provides an overview and up-to-date synthesis of the most commonly used non-destructive technologies for the reverse engineering of built infrastructure facilities. These technologies tackle both the geometric and radiometric characterization of built structures, and thus, validated technologies such as laser scanning, photogrammetry, and multispectral remote sensing are presented in depth, from their fundamentals to their application to management systems for diverse applications in civil engineering (damage inspection, structural calculations, road inventory and inspections, BIM, etc.). Alternative methods are therefore presented for routine sub-surface inspections by using non-invasive geophysics (e.g. magnetic, electrical and electromagnetic), as well as thermography for the nearest sub-surface.

    The book is divided into three sections, whose main features are as follows:

    • Section 1: Fundamentals, principles and applications of: laser scanning, photogrammetry, geophysics, ground penetrating radar, IR thermography, multispectral imaging.
    • Section 2: Applications to the inspection of infrastructure facilities: tunnels, breakwaters, railways, roads, and modeling of existing buildings (damage inspection in constructions, thermographic 3D modeling, structural modeling of industrial constructions).
    • Section 3: new management tools and intelligent modeling: infrastructure management systems based on non-destructive technologies for masonry arch bridges, computational approaches for GPR processing and interpretation, automatic processing and object recognition from laser scanning data, BIM for existing buildings.

    This cutting-edge edited volume will be a valuable resource for students, researchers and professional engineers with an interest in non-destructive technologies and their applications to reverse engineering of structures and infrastructure.

    An Overview of Geomatic Technologies
    M. Solla, B. Riveiro, P. Arias & H. Lorenzo
    Laser Scanning Technology: Fundamentals, Principles and Applications in Infrastructure
    B. Riveiro, H. González-Jorge, B. Conde & I. Puente
    Close Range Photogrammetry: Fundamentals, Principles and Applications in Infrastructure
    J. Martínez-Sánchez, P. Arias & J.C. Caamaño
    Geophysics. Fundamentals and Applications in Structures and Infrastructure
    V. Pérez-Gracia, S. Fontul, S. Santos-Assunção & V. Marecos
    Ground Penetrating Radar: Fundamentals, Methodologies and Applications in Structures and Infrastructure
    M. Solla, H. Lorenzo & V. Pérez-Gracia
    Infrared Thermography. Fundamentals, Principles and Applications in Infrastructure
    S. Lagüela, L. Díaz-Vilariño & D. Roca
    Multispectral Imaging: Fundamentals, Principles and Applications to Damage Assessment in Constructions
    S. Del Pozo, L.J. Sánchez-Aparicio, P. Rodríguez-Gonzálvez, J. Herrero-Pascual, A. Muñoz-Nieto, D. González-Aguilera & D. Hernández-López

    Applications in Infrastructure Facilities
    Non-Destructive Testing of Tunnels: Application of LiDAR and GPR Technologies
    I. Puente, X. Núñez-Nieto, F.J. Prego & H. Lorenzo
    Breakwater Monitoring using Geomatic Technologies
    H. González-Jorge, J. Martínez-Sánchez, M. Bueno & D. Roca
    The Use of Geophysics for the Condition Assessment of Rail Infrastructure
    S. Fontul, R. Mínguez, M. Solla & S. Santos-Assunção
    Applications of the GPR Method for Road Inspection
    X. Núñez-Nieto, M. Solla, V. Marecos & H. Lorenzo
    Thermographic 3D Modelling of Existing Constructions
    S. Lagüela, L. Díaz-Vilariño, D. Roca & A. Filgueira
    Practical Use of Multispectral Techniques for the Detection of Pathologies in Constructions
    L.J. Sánchez-Aparicio, S. Del Pozo, P. Rodríguez-Gonzálvez, J. Herrero-Pascual, A. Muñoz-Nieto, D. González-Aguilera & D. Hernández-López
    Non-Destructive Techniques Applied to Ancient Masonry Bridges Assessment: Structural Diagnosis and Geometric Modeling
    M. Solla, I. Puente, S. Lagüela & B. Conde
    Road Management Using Mobile LiDAR Data. Software Testing 
    H. González-Jorge, M. Varela, L. Díaz-Vilariño & J. Martínez-Sánchez
    Metallic Industrial Structures. As-Built and Structural Calculation
    M. Cabaleiro, B. Riveiro, J.C. Caamaño & P. Arias

    New Management Tools and Intelligent Modelling
    Infrastructure Management Systems based on Non-Destructive Technologies for Masonry Arch Bridges
    J. Martínez-Sánchez, M. Varela, I. de Arteaga & B. Conde
    Advanced Computational Approaches for GPR Processing and Interpretation
    M. Varela, M. Solla, R. Asorey-Cacheda & X. Núñez-Nieto
    New Challenges in Laser Scanning Data Processing: Automatic Processing of Data and Object Recognition
    M. Soilán, B. Riveiro, H. González-Jorge & I. Puente
    BIM as Management Tool for Existing Buildings
     L. Díaz-Vilariño, S. Lagüela & M. Varela


    Belén Riveiro, Mercedes Solla

    [A]n interesting book which is required from professionals. Although it is mainly addressed to professionals who want to use effectively the studied techniques, due to the fact that the technology is still evolving it may provide useful information to some researchers as well who could further develop systems and techniques. [...] will be a source of inspiration for developing new algorithms for data processing and postprocessing in order to extract, for example, material information.

    Prof. Georgios Stavroulakis, Technical University of Crete, Chania, Greece