Non-Destructive Techniques for the Evaluation of Structures and Infrastructure: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Non-Destructive Techniques for the Evaluation of Structures and Infrastructure

1st Edition

Edited by Belén Riveiro, Mercedes Solla

CRC Press

398 pages

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Hardback: 9781138028104
pub: 2016-04-04
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This book provides an overview and up-to-date synthesis of the most commonly used non-destructive technologies for the reverse engineering of built infrastructure facilities. These technologies tackle both the geometric and radiometric characterization of built structures, and thus, validated technologies such as laser scanning, photogrammetry, and multispectral remote sensing are presented in depth, from their fundamentals to their application to management systems for diverse applications in civil engineering (damage inspection, structural calculations, road inventory and inspections, BIM, etc.). Alternative methods are therefore presented for routine sub-surface inspections by using non-invasive geophysics (e.g. magnetic, electrical and electromagnetic), as well as thermography for the nearest sub-surface.

The book is divided into three sections, whose main features are as follows:

  • Section 1: Fundamentals, principles and applications of: laser scanning, photogrammetry, geophysics, ground penetrating radar, IR thermography, multispectral imaging.
  • Section 2: Applications to the inspection of infrastructure facilities: tunnels, breakwaters, railways, roads, and modeling of existing buildings (damage inspection in constructions, thermographic 3D modeling, structural modeling of industrial constructions).
  • Section 3: new management tools and intelligent modeling: infrastructure management systems based on non-destructive technologies for masonry arch bridges, computational approaches for GPR processing and interpretation, automatic processing and object recognition from laser scanning data, BIM for existing buildings.

This cutting-edge edited volume will be a valuable resource for students, researchers and professional engineers with an interest in non-destructive technologies and their applications to reverse engineering of structures and infrastructure.


[A]n interesting book which is required from professionals. Although it is mainly addressed to professionals who want to use effectively the studied techniques, due to the fact that the technology is still evolving it may provide useful information to some researchers as well who could further develop systems and techniques. […] will be a source of inspiration for developing new algorithms for data processing and postprocessing in order to extract, for example, material information.

Prof. Georgios Stavroulakis, Technical University of Crete, Chania, Greece

Table of Contents

An Overview of Geomatic Technologies


M. Solla, B. Riveiro, P. Arias & H. Lorenzo

Laser Scanning Technology: Fundamentals, Principles and Applications in Infrastructure

B. Riveiro, H. González-Jorge, B. Conde & I. Puente

Close Range Photogrammetry: Fundamentals, Principles and Applications in Infrastructure

J. Martínez-Sánchez, P. Arias & J.C. Caamaño

Geophysics. Fundamentals and Applications in Structures and Infrastructure

V. Pérez-Gracia, S. Fontul, S. Santos-Assunção & V. Marecos

Ground Penetrating Radar: Fundamentals, Methodologies and Applications in Structures and Infrastructure

M. Solla, H. Lorenzo & V. Pérez-Gracia

Infrared Thermography. Fundamentals, Principles and Applications in Infrastructure

S. Lagüela, L. Díaz-Vilariño & D. Roca

Multispectral Imaging: Fundamentals, Principles and Applications to Damage Assessment in Constructions

S. Del Pozo, L.J. Sánchez-Aparicio, P. Rodríguez-Gonzálvez, J. Herrero-Pascual, A. Muñoz-Nieto, D. González-Aguilera & D. Hernández-López

Applications in Infrastructure Facilities

Non-Destructive Testing of Tunnels: Application of LiDAR and GPR Technologies

I. Puente, X. Núñez-Nieto, F.J. Prego & H. Lorenzo

Breakwater Monitoring using Geomatic Technologies

H. González-Jorge, J. Martínez-Sánchez, M. Bueno & D. Roca

The Use of Geophysics for the Condition Assessment of Rail Infrastructure

S. Fontul, R. Mínguez, M. Solla & S. Santos-Assunção

Applications of the GPR Method for Road Inspection

X. Núñez-Nieto, M. Solla, V. Marecos & H. Lorenzo

Thermographic 3D Modelling of Existing Constructions

S. Lagüela, L. Díaz-Vilariño, D. Roca & A. Filgueira

Practical Use of Multispectral Techniques for the Detection of Pathologies in Constructions

L.J. Sánchez-Aparicio, S. Del Pozo, P. Rodríguez-Gonzálvez, J. Herrero-Pascual, A. Muñoz-Nieto, D. González-Aguilera & D. Hernández-López

Non-Destructive Techniques Applied to Ancient Masonry Bridges Assessment: Structural Diagnosis and Geometric Modeling

M. Solla, I. Puente, S. Lagüela & B. Conde

Road Management Using Mobile LiDAR Data. Software Testing

H. González-Jorge, M. Varela, L. Díaz-Vilariño & J. Martínez-Sánchez

Metallic Industrial Structures. As-Built and Structural Calculation

M. Cabaleiro, B. Riveiro, J.C. Caamaño & P. Arias

New Management Tools and Intelligent Modelling

Infrastructure Management Systems based on Non-Destructive Technologies for Masonry Arch Bridges

J. Martínez-Sánchez, M. Varela, I. de Arteaga & B. Conde

Advanced Computational Approaches for GPR Processing and Interpretation

M. Varela, M. Solla, R. Asorey-Cacheda & X. Núñez-Nieto

New Challenges in Laser Scanning Data Processing: Automatic Processing of Data and Object Recognition

M. Soilán, B. Riveiro, H. González-Jorge & I. Puente

BIM as Management Tool for Existing Buildings

L. Díaz-Vilariño, S. Lagüela & M. Varela

About the Editors

Dr. Belén Riveiro is an Assistant Professor of Structural Engineering at University of Vigo. She has been an Associate Professor at the School of Civil Engineering and Geosciences of Newcastle University in 2011-12 (UK) and visiting researcher at several research and academic institutions: the Institute for Applied Photogrammetry and Geoinformatics, Oldenburg (Germany, 2009), the Department of Civil Engineering of the New Mexico State University (USA, 2010) and at the Department of Civil Engineering of the University of Minho (Portugal, 2012-2013 and 2014). She got her PhD in the field of Civil Engineering where she tested different geomatic techniques, such as photogrammetry and laser scanning, towards their implementation in structural evaluation processes. Her postdoctoral research focuses on automating LiDAR data processing to implement its products into the field of structural engineering and smart cities. She has published 35 scientific papers in prestigious international journals (JCR) (h-index 8), 28 papers in international conferences, and is co-inventor of 4 patents. During her research career she has been participating as co-investigator in more than 35 national and international projects. Since 2012 she teaches courses of Mechanics of Materials and Stress Analysis, Structural analysis and Construction at the School of Industrial Engineering of the University of Vigo.

Dr. Mercedes Solla is an Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering, and mainly in Surveying and Construction, at the Defense Centre University (Spanish Naval Academy). Previously to this position, she has taught courses on Surveying and Construction, Non-Destructive Evaluation, Structural Analysis and Construction, and Mechanics of Materials and Stress Analysis at the School of Industrial Engineering at the University of Vigo. She received the PhD degree in the field of Civil Engineering, focusing on the Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) method. She was a visiting researcher at the School of Engineering, Institute for Infrastructure and Environment at the University of Edinburgh, and she collaborated with the Edinburgh Parallel Computing Centre (EPCC) for the development of advanced FDTD numerical modeling. The purpose was to simulate the propagation of the GPR signal considering more realistic environments that are modeled from data obtained by other complementary geomatic techniques. Her postdoctoral research deals with the development of efficient and automated GPR data processing to structures and infrastructures. Since 2009, she has been collaborating with the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) and she is an active member of the Transport and Urban Development COST Action TU1208 “Civil Engineering Applications of Ground Penetrating Radar” (Management Committee Member representing Spain and Vice-Chair of Working Group 4 -Different Applications of Ground Penetrating Radar and other Non-Destructive Testing Technologies in Civil Engineering-). She has published 30 scientific papers in prestigious international journals (JCR) (h-index 8), 40 papers in international conferences, and she is co-inventor of 1 patent. Since 2007, she has participated in more than 40 national and international projects.

About the Series

Structures and Infrastructures

Book Series Editor: Prof. Dan M. Frangopol, Lehigh University, PA, USA

Our knowledge to model, analyze, design, maintain, manage and predict the life-cycle performance of structures and infrastructures is continually growing. However, the complexity of these systems continues to increase and an integrated approach is necessary to understand the effect of technological, environmental, economical, social and political interactions on the life-cycle performance of engineering structures and infrastructures. In order to accomplish this, methods have to be developed to systematically analyze structure and infrastructure systems, and models have to be formulated for evaluating and comparing the risks and benefits associated with various alternatives. We must maximize the life-cycle benefits of these systems to serve the needs of our society by selecting the best balance of the safety, economy and sustainability requirements despite imperfect information and knowledge.

In recognition of the need for such methods and models, the aim of this book series is to present research, developments, and applications written by experts on the most advanced technologies for analyzing, predicting and optimizing the performance of structures and infrastructures such as buildings, bridges, dams, underground construction, offshore platforms, pipelines, naval vessels, ocean structures, nuclear power plants, and also airplanes, aerospace and automotive structures.

The scope of this book series covers the entire spectrum of structures and infrastructures. Thus it includes, but is not restricted to, mathematical modeling, computer and experimental methods, practical applications in the areas of assessment and evaluation, construction and design for durability, decision making, deterioration modeling and aging, failure analysis, field testing, structural health monitoring, financial planning, inspection and diagnostics, life-cycle analysis and prediction, loads, maintenance strategies, management systems, nondestructive testing, optimization of maintenance and management, specifications and codes, structural safety and reliability, system analysis, time-dependent performance, rehabilitation, repair, replacement, reliability and risk management, service life prediction, strengthening and whole life costing.

This book series is intended researchers, practitioners, and students world-wide with a background in civil, aerospace, mechanical, marine and automotive engineering, as well as people working in infrastructure maintenance, monitoring, management and cost analysis of structures and infrastructures. Some volumes are monographs defining the current state of the art and/or practice in the field, and some are textbooks to be used in undergraduate (mostly seniors), graduate and postgraduate courses. This book series is affiliated to Structure and Infrastructure Engineering (Taylor & Francis, ), an international peer-reviewed journal which is included in the Science Citation Index.
If you like to contribute to this series as an author or editor, please contact the Series Editor ([email protected]) or the Publisher ([email protected]). A book proposal form can be downloaded at

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Construction / General