1st Edition

Non-Governmental Organizations in Contemporary China Paving the Way to Civil Society?

By Qiusha Ma Copyright 2006
    256 Pages
    by Routledge

    256 Pages
    by Routledge

    Based on documentary materials including interviews with key players in China, this book charts the development of non-governmental and non-profit organizations in China from the late 1970s to the present day. It recounts how in the aftermath of the 1978 reforms that created a market economy and diversified interests and social life, new institutions and organizations outside of the state system increased dramatically in number, size and influence. These organizations, which barely existed before the reforms began in the late 1970s, carry out many social, economic and cultural tasks neglected by the government.

    Qiusha Ma examines two key questions crucial to understanding the development of NGOs in China: First, is it possible under China’s one-party state for non-governmental organizations to thrive and play important economic, social and political functions? And secondly, are NGOs facilitating the formation of a civil society in China?

    Introduction: Western Theories vs. Chinese Reality  NGOs with Chinese Characteristics Chapter Outlines and Methodology  1. In Search of Civil Society in China: Theoretical and Historical Discourses  Chinese Intellectuals’ Debates over Civil Society in the 1990s  Evolution of Civil Society in Late Qing and Early Republic China  2. "Small Government, Big Society": The Government’s NGO Policy and Its Dilemma  The Government’s Motives for Promoting NGOs  China’s Registration-Regulation of NGOs Since the late 1970s: Major Features  Contradictions in the Government’s NGO Policy  3. NGO Landscape in China: Classification, Scope, and Autonomy  Defining NGOs in China: Classification and Terminology  Analyses of Chinese NGO Growth  NGO-Government Relations in China: How Much Autonomy?  4. Social Capital: The Significance and Dynamics of Grassroots NGOs and Social Networks  The Concept of Social Capital and its Application in China  The Significance of Grassroots Organizations  Dynamics and Leadership of Chinese NGOs: the Role of Chinese Intellectuals  5. Civil Society vs. Corporatism: NGOs in Economic Realm  Simultaneous Development of Corporatism and Civil Society  Four Categories of Top-Down Associations  Bottom-Up Pattern: The Chambers of Commerce in Wenzhou  6. "It Takes Two to Tangle": International NGOs in China and their Impacts  The Impact of Globalization and Global Civil Society on China  Chinese Government’s Policy towards INGOs  The Current State of International NGOs in China  The Role of International NGOs in China  Limitations of INGOs’ Efforts in China  Conclusion  The Major Forces Promoting Chinese NGOs  Changes in Associational Landscape in China  NGOs Facilitating Civil Society in China  Bibliography  Index


    Qiusha Ma

    'This book contains a wealth of interesting new material and insights...Ma writes in a clear, easily readable style that helps engage a reader's interest. Her book is recommended to anyone who wishes to know more about the growth of Chinese associations or about the prospects for corporatism and civil society in China.

    - China Journal

    'Quisha Ma's book is a highly readable account of one of the main impacts of the reduction in range and power of the central state and is a useful study of what public opinion in China might be.' - Asian Affairs