Non-Profit Organizations: Real Issues for Public Administrators, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Non-Profit Organizations

Real Issues for Public Administrators, 1st Edition

By Nicolas A. Valcik, Teodoro J. Benavides, Kimberly Scruton


296 pages | 3 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2015-04-16
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Packed with case studies and ripped-from-the-headlines examples, Non-Profit Organizations: Real Issues for Public Administrators introduces critical issues commonly encountered when managing non-profit organizations and gives you the tools to develop policies and procedures to meet the challenges that arise when these issues occur. The authors use the case study methodology to explore decision-making issues and provide potential solutions. It provides an applied framework to use when managing a non-profit organization.

The book provides case studies that range from unethical behavior to poor operational decisions to illegal activities in non-profit organizations. The authors discuss the events in phases and then identify what issues should concern the administrator and potential solutions to each phase of a case study. In addition, many of the case studies address more than one issue that threatened an organization’s finances and its credibility to its stakeholders and the public.

Using the information in this book, you can create a checklist of issues that will help you and your organization avoid scandals or alleged criminal activity, and better defuse fallout if an incident occurs. It gives you a "safe" environment in which to "live" through a case study without suffering the consequences of lost resources, assets, or worse, public trust, for your organization in reality.

Table of Contents


Basic Concepts and Issues of Nonprofit Organizations

What Is a Nonprofit Organization?

History of Nonprofit Organizations in the United States

Recorded Policies and Procedures

Proper Documentation for 501(c)(3) Status

Controls over Financing




Organizational Framework

Membership and Client Documentation

Recruitment/Marketing Drives


Infrastructure Needs

Size of a Nonprofit Organization


Appointed Positions

Financial Reserves

Conference Planning

Controls over Personnel

Public Relations Issues

Boy Scouts of America — Atheist Court Case — 1990

Boy Scouts of America — Gay Scoutmaster Court Case — 2000

Alcoholic Anonymous — Midtown AA Scandal — 2007

United Network for Organ Sharing — Falsifying Lists of Patients

Needing Organs — 2008

World Health Organization — Vaccine Scandal — 2009

Susan G. Komen for the Cure — Planned Parenthood — 2011

Lance Armstrong Investigated by Federal Prosecutors — Public Relations Damage — 2011

Mismanagement of Funds and Embezzlement

American Cancer Society — Embezzlement — 2000 and 1980s

United Way — Misuse of Funds by Executives — 1992

NAACP — Misuse of Funds Question — William F. Gibson —1995

American Red Cross — Hurricane Katrina — 2005

Gloria Wise Boys and Girls Club — 2005

Oral Roberts University Scandal — Ethical/Financial Corruption — 2007

TOEIC Scandal in Japan — Nepotism, Mismanagement of Funds — 2009

Republican National Committee — Misuse of Funds — 2010

Criminal or Unethical Acts on Nonprofit Organizations

Jimmy Hoffa — Corruption of Unions — 1970s

Tailhook Association — Alleged Sexual Harassment and Molestation — 1991

New Life Children’s Refuge — Child Adoption Scandal during the Haiti Earthquake — 2010

Second Mile — Sexual Predator — Penn State University —2011

ACORN — Voter Fraud — 2011

Catholic Church — Sex Abuse Scandal — Ongoing

Illegal Business Transact Ions and Financial Fraud in Nonprofits

LDS Church — Buying Document Scandal — 1981–1987

Gandhi Memorial International Foundation — Fraud

United Nations Oil-for-Food Scandal — 1996

Tampa Bay Lowry Park Zoo — Salisbury Scandal — 2008

The Bernie Madoff Scandal — 2008

Renewing American Leadership — Gingrich Nonprofit Organization Paying to His For-Profit — 2011

Bribery in Nonprofit Organizations

International Olympic Committee — Bribe for Location —1998

Fiesta Bowl Scandal — Bride for Seeding — 2010

Election Fraud in Nonprofit Organizations

LULAC — Alleged Election Scandal/Public Funds

North Carolina Democratic Party — Election Scandal — 2012

Government Act ions against Nonprofit Organizations

Greenpeace — Sinking of the Rainbow Warrior by French Government — 1985


What Do We Take Away from These Case Studies?



About the Authors

Nicolas A. Valcik currently works as the Director for Institutional Research and as a Research Associate Professor in the Eberly School of Arts and Science – Public Administration department at West Virginia University. Formerly Nicolas was an Associate Director of Strategic Planning and Analysis for the University of Texas at Dallas and served as a clinical assistant professor for Public Affairs for the University of Texas at Dallas. Nicolas received a doctorate degree in public affairs from the University of Texas at Dallas in 2005, a master’s degree in public affairs from the University of Texas at Dallas in 1996, a bachelor’s degree in interdisciplinary studies from the University of Texas at Dallas in 1994, and an associate’s degree in political science from Collin County Community College in 1994.

Prior to 1997 Nicolas worked for a number of municipalities, across different of departments, as well as for Nortel. In 2013 Nicolas authored Hazardous Materials Compliance for Public Research Organizations: A Case Study and in 2012 Nicolas co-authored with Paul E. Tracy Case Studies in Disaster Response and Emergency Management, both books were published by Taylor and Francis. In 2011 Nicolas co-authored with Ted Benavides Practical Human Resources Management for Public Managers: A Case Study Approach published by Taylor and Francis. Prior to 2011 Nicolas authored Regulating the Use of Biological Hazardous Materials in Universities: Complying with the New Federal Guidelines, which was published by Mellen Press in 2006. Nicolas has served as editor for three volumes of New Directions for Institutional Research (Volumes 135, 140, 146 and co-edited 156) in addition to writing numerous articles and book chapters on institutional research topics and homeland security issues. Nicolas specializes in several areas as both a researcher and a practitioner: higher education, information technology, human resources, homeland security, organizational behavior, and emergency management.

About the Series

ASPA Series in Public Administration and Public Policy

Founded in 1939, the American Society for Public Administration (ASPA) is the premier professional organization for public administration, dedicated to advancing its art, science, teaching and practice. The ASPA book series provides expert information on a range of public administration issues, each authored by a leader in the field. Series Editor David Rosenbloom is Distinguished Professor of Public Administration in the School of Public Affairs at American University, USA.

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