Is the appearance of new nuclear weapon states inevitable? Who are the sponsors and apologists of nuclear weapons, and why are others in favour of renouncing them? What are the implications for international security of the increasingly wide use of nuclear energy? How can nuclear threats be defused?
Originally published in 1985, SIPRI's study suggests some answers to these questions. The book examines the situation in a number of countries of key importance for non-proliferation: the two nuclear-weapon states which have declined to join the 1968 Non-Proliferation Treaty (China and France); a group of nuclear ‘threshold’ states also remaining outside the Treaty (Argentina, Brazil, India, Israel, Pakistan, South Africa and Spain); and a group of states, both developed and developing, which for various reasons have joined the Treaty (Canada, Egypt, South Korea, Sweden, Switzerland and Taiwan).
The focus of the book is on motivations for and against nuclear proliferation. An analysis of these motivations leads the editor to make detailed recommendations aimed at halting the spread of nuclear weapons.
Appendices include a list of nuclear facilities in the countries studied, specifying the degree of their coverage by international controls, and other relevant documentation.
Table of Contents
Preface Part 1: Discussion and Recommendations Discussion and Recommendations Jozef Goldblat Part 2: Motivations of States I. Nuclear Weapon States Not Party to the NPT. 1A. China Wu Xiu Quan 1B. China Reinhard Drifte 2. France Bertrand Goldschmidt II. Other Non-Parties to the NPT. 3. Argentina Jorge A. Aja Espil 4. Brazil José Goldemberg 5A. India Girilal Jain 5B. India Rodney W. Jones 6. Israel Shalheveth Freier 7A. Pakistan Zalmay M. Khalilzad 7B. Pakistan Ashok Kapur 8. South Africa George Barrie 9. Spain Angel Vinas III. Selected Parties to the NPT. 10. Canada William Epstein 11. Egypt Gregory H. Kats 12A. South Korea Joseph A. Yager 12B. South Korea Choung Il Chee 13. Sweden Martin Fehrm 14. Switzerland Rudolf L. Bindschedler 15. Taiwan George H. Quester Part 3: Summaries Appendix 1. Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. Appendix 2. Security Council Resolution on Security Assurances to Non-Nuclear Weapon States. Appendix 3. Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America (Treaty of Tlatelolco). Appendix 4. Status of the Implementation of the NPT and the Treaty of Tlatelolco, as of 1 January 1985. Appendix 5. Final Declaration of the Review Conference of the Parties to the NPT, 30 May 1975. Appendix 6. Data on Nuclear Activities in the 15 Countries Studied.
Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
SIPRI is an independent international institute dedicated to research into conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament. Established in 1966, SIPRI provides data, analysis and recommendations, based on open sources, to policymakers, researchers, media and the interested public. Based in Stockholm, SIPRI is regularly ranked among the most respected think tanks worldwide.