Non-State Challenges in a Re-Ordered World
The Jackals of Westphalia
There is a sprawling scholarship on violence, crime, and corrupt state rule; yet few have interpreted these challenges as transformative at the global scale and as a potential source of alternative, non-state, legitimacy. This volume challenges "Westphalian conservativism" in a provocative yet plausible manner, shedding light at the ubiquity and diversity of unfolding non-state agendas and at their effect on the imagined state community.
Focusing on civil war parties, warlords, commercial providers of security, multinational companies and criminal organizations, the book directs attention to theoretical questions and policy challenges arising from non-state armed expansion. To accomplish this, the contributors present a range of case studies and comparisons within three thematic sections: the first takes stock of how, when, and in what measure state and state-system legitimacy are challenged by non-state violent or criminal activity; the second addresses the nature, effectiveness, and side-effects of different state-mandated reaction to non-state activities; and third focuses on the recombination of state and non-state actors contributing to processes of socio-political transformation.
This volume provides a current analysis of different armed and violent actors encroaching on the state's monopoly of violence. It seeks to spark debate about global political change and will be of interest to students and scholars of global governance, global security, and international relations.
Table of Contents
Introduction 1 The Siege of Westphalia? Non-state challenges to a state-centred world STEFANO RUZZA AND CHARLES C. GEISLER Part I: Challenging the state 2 Back to the clan: Organized crime as state surrogate for the market FABIO ARMAO 3 Dispute resolution mechanisms provided by violent non-state actors: An international comparative analysis of causes and consequences EDGARDO BUSCAGLIA 4 Clausewitz in the boardroom: Legitimacy and hegemony VINCENZO RUGGIERO 5 New vortices of power: The alliance between trans-national corporations and private military security corporations in the Katanga district of the Democratic Republic of the Congo SPENCER SCHWARTZ AND CHARLES C. GEISLER Part II: Defending the state 6 The logic and consequences of state strategies towards violent non-state actors SARAH ZUKERMAN DALY 7 The shifting territorial dimensions of crime-fighting: Rescaling state security to the sub-local level in Mexico City DIANE E. DAVIS AND GUILLERMO RUIZ DE TERESA 8 The privatization of counter-piracy: Implications for order at sea PETER CHALK Part III: Changing the state 9 Between public and private: Reconstructing the field of security in post- communist Europe ALEXANDRA GHECIU 10 The state and the reproduction of violence in post-transition El Salvador and Guatemala JOSÉ MIGUEL CRUZ 11 Debunking the stationary bandit myth: Violence and governance in statebuilding history KIMBERLY MARTEN 12 Regardless of Clausewitz? Classical strategic theory in a hybrid world GIAMPIERO GIACOMELLO AND STEFANO RUZZA Conclusions 13 Non-State Challenges: Nibbling on the edges or crunching on principles of the Westphalian order? ANJA P. JAKOBI
Stefano Ruzza is Assistant Professor of Conflict, Security and Statebuilding at the Department of Cultures, Politics and Society, University of Turin. He is also Head of Research of T.wai, the Torino World Affairs Institute.
Anja P. Jakobi is Senior Lecturer at the Department of Politics and International Relations, Royal Holloway, University of London.
Charles Geisler is Professor of Development Sociology at Cornell University.