This volume describes and analyzes alternative and emerging models of non-territorial autonomy (NTA), particularly in relation to decentralization. The authors push the NTA debate in new directions by offering a re-conceptualization based on ethno-cultural bottom-up decentralized action that redefines autonomy into its true sense of autonomous action. Through description, critical analysis, and evaluation of several case studies, this book assesses the potential for new paradigms within decentralized systems.
The authors explore two approaches to political decentralization which add to the theoretical debate on NTA – network governance, which focuses on new dynamics in policy processes, and normative pluralism, which focuses on accommodating the distinctness of the groups through the subsidiarity principle with regard to their own affairs. The book explores the potential ramifications of ethno-cultural NTA institutions acting within the wider framework of state institutions and assesses the functions of these institutions as another dimension of decentralization and thus another ‘layer’ of democracy.
With contemporary examples from Europe, the Middle East, Asia and South Africa, as well as theoretical aspects of the conceptualization of autonomy, this book offers a truly global perspective. It will be of great interest to policy-makers in countries experiencing adverse developments due to the pressure on public management, as well as advanced students and scholars questioning the ability of the Westphalian system to address cultural diversity.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: A New Research Agenda for Theorizing Non-Territorial Autonomy?
Tove H. Malloy
Part I: The State and Pluralism: Political Community and Legal Accommodation
Chapter 2: Political Community and Normative Pluralism
Chapter 3: Legal Pluralism, Autonomy and Ethno-Cultural Diversity Management
Part II: Network Governance
Chapter 4: Autonomy Initiatives of the Afrikaner Community in South Africa
Chapter 5: Democratic Autonomy in the Kurdish Regions of Syria
Cengiz Gunes and Derya Bayır
Chapter 6: Shared Sovereignty in Israel-Palestine: Towards Non-Territorial Autonomy for Israel’s Palestinians
Chapter 7: The Irish Gaeltacht as a Trans-local Phenomenon
Steve Coleman and Éamon Ó Ciosáin
Part III: Normative Pluralism
Chapter 8: Roma Autonomous Lawmaking – the Romanian Case
Levente Salat and Sergiu Mișcoiu
Chapter 9: Understanding Indigenous Cultural Rights in Indonesia
Mirza Satria Buana
Chapter 10: Faith Education in Britain: A Normatively Pluralist Scenario in the Making
Chapter 11: Towards New Paradigms?
Tove H. Malloy and Levente Salat
Tove H. Malloy is Professor of European Studies at the Europa-Universität Flensburg, Germany.
Levente Salat is Professor of Political Science at the Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.