1st Edition

Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics An Introduction with Applications

By Biman Bagchi Copyright 2024
    466 Pages 134 B/W Illustrations
    by Chapman & Hall

    466 Pages 134 B/W Illustrations
    by Chapman & Hall

    Nonequilibrium statistical mechanics (NESM), practically synonymous with time-dependent statistical mechanics (TDSM), is a beautiful and profound subject, vast in scope, diverse in applications, and indispensable in understanding the changing natural phenomena we encounter in the physical, chemical and biological world. Although time dependent phenomena have been studied from antiquity, the modern subject, the nonequilibrium statistical mechanics, has its genesis in Boltzmann’s 1872 classic paper that aimed at extending Maxwell’s kinetic theory of gases by including intermolecular interactions. Subsequent development of the subject drew upon the seminal work of Einstein and Langevin on Brownian motion, Rayleigh and Stokes on hydrodynamics, and on the works of Onsager, Prigogine, Kramers, Kubo, Mori, and Zwanzig.

    One major goal of this book is to develop and present NESM in an organized fashion so that students can appreciate and understand the flow of the subject from postulates to practical uses. This book takes the students on a journey from fundamentals to applications, mostly using simple mathematics, and fundamental concepts. With the advent of computers and computational packages and techniques, a deep intuitive understanding can allow the students to tackle fairly complex problems, like proteins in lipid membranes or solvation of ions in electrolytes used in batteries. The subject is still evolving rapidly, with forays into complex biological events, and materials science.

    Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics: An Introduction with Applications is, thus, an introductory text that aims to provide students with a background and skill essential to study and understand time-dependent (relaxation) phenomena. It will allow students to calculate transport properties like diffusion and conductivity. The book also teaches the methods to calculate reaction rate on a multi-dimensional energy surface, in another such application.

    For a beginner in the field, especially for one with an aim to study chemistry and biology, and also physics, one major difficulty faced is a lack of organization of the available study material. Since NESM is a vast subject with many different theoretical tools, the above poses a problem. This book lays the foundations towards understanding time- dependent phenomena in a simple and systematic fashion. It is accessible to students and researchers who have basic training in physics and mathematics. The book can be used to teach advanced undergraduates. Some involved topics, like the projection operator technique and mode coupling theory, are more suitable for Ph.D. level.

    Part I. Preliminaries. 1. Preliminaries: The Scope of Non-equilibrium Statistical Mechanics. 2. Time Dependent Probability Distribution Functions. 3. Relationship between Theory and Experiments. 4. Force, Flux and Irreversible Thermodynamics. 5. Hydrodynamic Approach to Relaxation Phenomena. 6. Kinetic Theory of Gases: Boltzmann Kinetic Equation and His H-theorem. Part II. Fundamentals. 7. Liouville theorem, Liouville Equation and BBGKY Hierarchy. 8. Time Correlation Function Formalism. 9. Density-Density and Current-Current Time Correlation Functions. 10. Velocity Time Correlation Function. 11. Linear Response Theory and Fluctuation-Dissipation Theorems. 12. Projection Operator Technique. 13. Mori Continued Fraction and Related Applications. 14. Moments and Cumulants. Part III. Phenomenology. 15. Brownian Motion and Langevin Equation. 16. Random Walks. 17. Fokker-Planck, Kramers and Smoluchowski Equations and Their Analytical Solution. 18. Master Equations. 19. Numerical Solution of Smoluchowski and Fokker-Planck Equations. Part. IV. Relaxation Phenomena. 20. Theory of Chemical Reaction Dynamics. 21. Diffusion on Flat and Rugged Energy Landscapes. 22. Rotational diffusion: Study of Orientational Time Correlation Functions. Part V. Advanced Topics. 23. Mode-Coupling Theory of Liquid State Dynamics. 24. Irreversible Thermodynamics Revisited. 25. Rate of Rare Events.


    Biman Bagchi is currently holding an India National Science Chair (DST-SERB) & Honorary Professorship at the Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit (SSCU), Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore. He obtained his B.Sc. degree from the Presidential College, Calcutta and M.Sc. from Science College, Calcutta University. He received PhD from Brown University, RI, in 1981 and carried out postdoctoral work at the University of Chicago and University of Maryland, before returning to India in 1984 to join the Indian Institute of Science. He is a Fellow of all the three National Science Academies of India. He an elected Fellow of the third world academy of sciences (TWAS) and Elected Foreign Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (2020) [AAA&S]. He received a fair number of Awards in India including an early Bhatnagar (at 36 years of age), GD Birla, Goyal Prizes. He received International TWAS Prize in 1998.  He is the recipient of the 2021  Joel Henry Hildebrand ACS National Award from the American Chemical Society in Theoretical and Experimental Chemistry of Liquids and also the prestigious  Humboldt Science Research Award of Alexander von Humboldt Foundation (2019). J. Physical Chemistry brought out a Festschrift special issue J. Phys. Chem. B, 2015, Vol.: 119, in his honour. Bagchi has published more than 500 papers including 26 reviews, authored three books on different aspects of statistical mechanics and currently writing a 4th book on nonequilibrium statistical mechanics. He has also published two non-technical books (mostly for students) available on Amazon Kindle.