1st Edition

Noninvasive Physiological Measurement Wireless Microwave Sensing

By James C. Lin Copyright 2024
    514 Pages 26 Color & 397 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    514 Pages 26 Color & 397 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    This book explains the principles and techniques of microwave physiological sensing and introduces fundamental results of the noninvasive sensing of physiological signatures, vital signs, as well as life detection. Specifically, noninvasive microwave techniques for contact, contactless, and remote sensing of circulatory and respiratory movements and physiological volume changes are discussed.

    Noninvasive Physiological Measurement: Wireless Microwave Sensing, is written by a pioneering researcher in microwave noninvasive physiological sensing and leading global expert in microwaves in biology and medicine. The book reviews current advances in noninvasive cardiopulmonary sensing technology and measurement. It includes measurements of the vital signs and physiological signatures from laboratory and clinical testing. The book discusses the applicable domains and scenarios in which there is an interaction of radio frequency (RF) and microwaves with biological matter in gas, fluid, or solid form, both from inside and outside of the human or animal body. The book also provides examples for healthcare monitoring and diagnostic applications through wearables, devices, or remote contactless sensors for physiological signals and signature, vital signs, and body motion sensing. This book is an essential guide to understanding the human body’s interaction with microwaves and noninvasive physiological sensing and monitoring.

    This book is intended for researchers and professionals in biomedical, electrical, and computer engineering with an interest in antenna, sensors, microwaves, signal processing, and medical applications. It will also be of interest to healthcare professionals, technologists, and practitioners interested in noninvasive physiological sensing and patient monitoring.

    1. Introduction.  2. Pioneering Investigations.  3. Microwave Propagation, Reflection, and Scattering.  4. Microwave Property of Living Matters.  5. Microwaves in Biological Systems.  6. System Analysis and Signal Processing.  7. Vital Sign Sensing: Heartbeat and Respiration.  8. Arterial Pulse Wave and Pressure Sensing.  9. Sensing of Tissue Volume Change and Redistribution.  10. Wearable Devices and Sensors.  11. Advanced Topics and Contemporary Applications.  Appendix. Standard prefixes used with units of the international system (SI) of measurements.


    Dr. James C. Lin’s pioneering work inspired many researchers to follow, and many more to follow them. He is recognized as one of the world’s most renowned scientists who has studied microwave and RF radiation in biology and medicine. He has served as a professor of bioengineering, electrical and computer engineering, physiology and biophysics, and physical and rehabilitation medicine.

    "Dr. Lin is a pioneer in noninvasive, non-contact microwave sensing of vital signs. His works and vision inspire many in the field. There is no one better than him to write this review book. This book contains history, principles and clinical applications. It will give a clear overview of the technologies. It will be an excellent beginner book for engineers and students who try to understand microwave vital sign sensing technologies.

    This book provides a broad, comprehensive, yet concise overview of noninvasive and noncontact sensing of vital signs using microwave techniques. It offers a wealth of inspiration, empowering engineers to channel their expertise into the realm of modern medicine. Healthcare practitioners will gain invaluable insights into the array of possibilities for groundbreaking clinical applications. Serving as a bridge, this book connects the microwave and medical communities, fostering a synergy that holds immense promise for the future of healthcare." - J.-C. Chiao, Southern Methodist University

    "The book details very well the history, development, and future trend of noninvasive physiological measurement based on wireless microwave technologies. As a researcher who has been following the author’s pioneering research, I believe the book has presented the author’s unique and comprehensive view about this exciting area. The book systematically covered all relevant topics including, but not limited to, noncontact respiratory measurement, microwave cardiography, arterial pulse wave detection, blood pressure monitoring, and sensing of tissue volume change and redistribution. In particular, I enjoyed reading pioneering investigations in conjunction with advanced topics and contemporary applications. I am sure the book will be a valuable resource for many researchers and practitioners in the field." - Changzhi Li, Texas Tech University

    "This book has rich contents covering the research and development of noninvasive physiological sensing using microwave radar technologies. Chapter 2 provides a comprehensive review on the history of the pioneering work from 1970s to 2000. The stories put together by the author Prof. James Lin, the very first pioneer who inspired many other researchers to work on this subject, are very interesting to read. Other chapters cover the fundamental theory and the techniques developed over the past two decades. It is a comprehensive reference book that should be useful to readers interested in this subject." – Jenshan Lin, Professor Emeritus, University of Florida