1st Edition

Nordic Fascism Fragments of an Entangled History

Edited By Nicola Karcher, Markus Lundström Copyright 2022

    Nordic Fascism is the first comprehensive history in English of fascism in the Nordic countries.

    Transnational cooperation between radical nationalists has especially been the case in Sweden, Denmark, Norway, and Finland, where fascism has not only developed through interdependent processes but also through interactions between and beyond national boundaries, and where “racial relationship” has been a core argument. With chapters ranging from the inception of fascism in the interwar years up to the present day, this book offers the first fragments of an entangled history of Nordic fascism. It illuminates how The North occupies a special place in the fascist imagination, articulating ideas about the Nordic people resisting the supposed cultural degeneration, replacement, or annihilation of the white race. The authors map ideological exchange between fascist organisations in the Nordic countries and outline past and present attempts at pan-Nordic state building.

    This book will appeal to scholars of fascism and Nordic history, and readers interested in the general history of fascism.

    Foreword: Nordic Fascism and the Story of Coalescing Asteroids

    Roger Griffin

    The Nature of Nordic Fascism: An Introduction

    Nicola Karcher and Markus Lundström

    1. Early Nordic Fascism and Antisemitic Conspiracism

    Sofie Lene Bak and Terje Emberland with contributions from Heléne Lööw and Oula Silvennoinen

    2. National Socialisms in Clinch: The Case of Norwegian National Socialists in Interwar Germany

    Nicola Karcher

    3. A Pragmatic Revolutionary: R. Erik Serlachius and Fascist Visions of Society and Community

    Oula Silvennoinen

    4. Nordic Heretics: A National Socialist Opposition in Norway and Denmark

    Claus Bundgård Christensen and Terje Emberland

    5. Hidden Knowledge and Mythical Origins: Atlantis, Esoteric Fascism and Nordic Racial Divinity

    Gustaf Forsell

    6. Esoteric Nordic Fascism: The Second Coming of Hitler and the Idea of the People

    Mattias Gardell

    7. Window to Europe: Finland and Nordic Fascist Networks During the Cold War

    Tommi Kotonen

    8. Ethnocultural and Racial Ambiguities of National Socialist State-Building: Finland and the Nordic Resistance Movement

    Daniel Sallamaa and Leena Malkki


    Nicola Karcher is a historian and an associate professor in social science at the Østfold University College, Norway.

    Markus Lundström is an economic historian and an associate professor in sociology at Uppsala University, Sweden.