1st Edition

Norm Antipreneurs and the Politics of Resistance to Global Normative Change

Edited By Alan Bloomfield, Shirley V. Scott Copyright 2017
    274 Pages 1 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    274 Pages 1 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Over recent decades International Relations scholars have investigated norm dynamics processes at some length, with the ‘norm entrepreneur’ concept having become a common reference point in the literature. The focus on norm entrepreneurs has, however, resulted in a bias towards investigating the agents and processes of successful normative change.

    This book challenges this inherent bias by explicitly focusing on those who resist normative change - norm ‘antipreneurs’. The utility of the norm antipreneur concept is explored through a series of case studies encompassing a range of issue areas and contributed by a mix of well-known and emergent scholars of norm dynamics. In examining the complexity of norm resistance, particular attention is paid to the nature and intent of the actors involved in norm-contestation, the sites and processes of resistance, the strategies and tactics antipreneurs deploy to defend the values and interests they perceive to be threatened by the entrepreneurs, and whether it is the entrepreneurs or the antipreneurs who enjoy greater inherent advantages.

    This text will therefore be of interest to scholars and students of International Relations, International Law, Political Science, Sociology and History.

    Foreword by Amitav Acharya

    1. Norm Antipreneurs in World Politics

    Alan Bloomfield and Shirley V. Scott

    2. Resisting the Responsibility to Protect

    Alan Bloomfield

    3. Resisting the Ban on Cluster Munitions

    Kenki Adachi

    4. Resistance to the Emergent Norm to Advance Progress Towards the Complete Elimination of Nuclear Weapons

    Orli Zahava

    5. Rival Networks and the Conflict over Assassination/ Targeted Killing

    Clifford Bob

    6. Resisting the Emerging ‘Humanitarian Access’ Norm

    Alan Bloomfield

    7. Resisting Japan’s Promotion of a Norm of Sustainable Whaling

    Shirley V. Scott and Lucia Oriana

    8. Resisting the Norm of Climate Security

    Shirley V. Scott

    9. Additional Categories of Agency: ‘Creative Resistors’ to Normative Change in Post-Crisis Global Financial Governance

    Malcolm Campbell-Verduyn

    10. Contesting Private Sustainability Norms in Primary Commodity Production: Norm Hybridisation in the Palm Oil Sector

    Helen Nesadurai

    11. Whose Norm is it Anyway? Mediating Contested Norm-Histories in Iraq (2003) and Syria (2013)

    Frank Harvey and John Mitton

    12. To Boldly Go Where No Country has gone before: U.S. Norm Antipreneurism and the Weaponization of Outer Space

    Jeffrey S. Lantis

    13. Resisting ‘Good Governance’ Norms in the EU’s European Neighbourhood Policy

    William Clapton

    14. Norm Entrepreneurs and Antipreneurs: chalk and cheese, or two faces of the same coin?

    Shirley V. Scott and Alan Bloomfield


    Alan Bloomfield is the Vice Chancellor's Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.

    Shirley V. Scott is Professor of International Relations at the School of Social Sciences, University of New South Wales, Australia.