Hotly contested, normality remains a powerful, complex category in contemporary law and culture. What is little realized are the ways in which disability underpins and shapes the operation of norms and the power dynamics of normalization.
This pioneering collection explores the place of law in political, social, scientific and biomedical developments relating to disability and other categories of ‘abnormality’. The contributors show how law produces cultural meanings, norms, representations, artefacts and expressions of disability, abnormality and normality, as well as how law responds to and is constituted by cultures of disability. The collection traverses a range of contemporary legal and political issues including human rights, mercy killing, reproductive technologies, hate crime, policing, immigration and disability housing. It also explores the impact and ongoing legacies of historical practices such as eugenics and deinstitutionalization.
Of interest to a wide range of scholars working on normality and law, the book also creates an opening for critical scholars and activists engaged with other marginalized and denigrated categories, notably contesting institutional violence in the context of settler colonialism, neoliberalism and imperialism, to engage more richly and politically with disability. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Continuum journal.
Introduction – Normality and disability: intersections among norms, law, and culture Gerard Goggin, Linda Steele and Jessica Robyn Cadwallader
1. Fit or fitting in: deciding against normal when reproducing the future Roxanne Mykitiuk and Isabel Karpin
2. Eccentricity: the case for undermining legal categories of disability and normalcy Karen O’Connell
3. Eugenics and the normal body: the role of visual images and intelligence testing in framing the treatment of people with disabilities in the early twentieth century Elizabeth Stephens and Peter Cryle
4. The construction of access: the eugenic precedent of the Americans with Disabilities Act Stephanie K. Wheeler
5. Disability and torture: exception, epistemology and ‘black sites’ Dinesh Wadiwel
6. Mental capacity and states of exception: revisiting disability law with Giorgio Agamben Penelope Weller
7. Not just language: an analysis of discursive constructions of disability in sentencing remarks Frankie Sullivan
8. Policing normalcy: sexual violence against women offenders with disability Linda Steele
9. ‘The government is the cause of the disease and we are stuck with the symptoms’: deinstitutionalisation, mental health advocacy and police shootings in 1990s Victoria Piers Gooding
10. Disruptive, dangerous and disturbing: the ‘challenge’ of behaviour in the construction of normalcy and vulnerability Leanne Dowse
11. Making the abject: problem-solving courts, addiction, mental illness and impairment Claire Spivakovsky and Kate Seear
12. Cripwashing: the abortion debates at the crossroads of gender and disability in the Spanish media Melania Moscoso and R. Lucas Platero
13. ‘Figurehead’ hate crime cases: developing a framework for understanding and exposing the ‘problem’ with ‘disability’ Ryan Thorneycroft and Nicole L. Asquith