North America Before the European Invasions tells the histories of North American peoples from first migrations in the Late Glacial Age, sixteen thousand years ago or more, to the European invasions following Columbus’s arrival. Contrary to invaders’ propaganda, North America was no wilderness, and its peoples had developed a variety of sophisticated resource uses, including intensive agriculture and cities in Mexico and the Midwest. Written in an easy-flowing style, the book is a true history although based primarily on archeological material. It reflects current emphasis within archaeology on rejecting the notion of “pre”-history, instead combining archaeology with post-Columbian ethnographies and histories to present the long histories of North America’s native peoples, most of them still here and still part of the continent’s history.
Kehoe’s excellent North America Before the European Invasions merges archaeology and history demonstrating that American history did not begin in 1492 with European contact. Kehoe expertly interweaves much evidence demonstrating that colonial Europeans did not begin to manage an American wilderness but appropriated organically millennia-old manipulated landscapes by indigenous peoples.
- Miguel Astor-Aguilera, Arizona State University
With inimitable style, Alice Kehoe entices, provokes, and challenges us [or readers] to engage with a history of America that foregrounds, not marginalizes, the indigenous peoples of this vast land. The result is a fuller, more critical and highly compelling history of Native North America that does much to challenge the outdated, often biased, and sometimes racist accounts of these First Peoples that have hung on for far too long in textbooks and popular culture.
- George Nicholas, Professor of Archaeology, Simon Fraser University
Alice Kehoe has provided readers interested in the long history of Native North America an excellent introduction to the complex and fascinating archaeology of America before European invasions. In a highly readable and engaging manner Kehoe's approach to archeological knowledge is critical but also responsive to the concerns and interests of all scholars working in this continually unfolding research area. The reader will find that Native North American history before European colonization continues to define how we see ourselves as residents of a continent that has a rich past, a dynamic present, and an exciting future. Kehoe's account assures us the future of Native North America has the potential for promoting greater understanding between Indigenous First Nations and the newcomers to Native North America.
- Bernard C. Perley is Maliseet from Tobique First Nation and an Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
Chapter 1 - FIRST AMERICANS
Chapter 2 - THE ARCHAIC PERIOD: 7000– 1000 bce
Chapter 3 - NUCLEAR AMERICA
Chapter 4 - CLASSICAL ERA
Chapter 5 - EARLY WOODLAND, 1000–100 BCE
Chapter 6 - MIDDLE WOODLAND, 100 bcE-400 CE
Chapter 7 - THE WEST COAST
Chapter 8 - LATE WOODLAND, TO 1600 CE
Chapter 9 - CAHOKIA AND THE MISSISSIPPIAN PERIOD, 950–1600 CE
Chapter 10 - THE AMERICAN SOUTHWEST
Chapter 11 - THE INTERIOR WEST
Chapter 12 – THE NORTH
Chapter 13 - OVERVIEW: THE UNITED STATES, 1600
Chapter 14 - ISSUES AND PUZZLES
Sources for Chapters