306 pages | 80 B/W Illus.
Graphic novels (kurimchaek) are a major art form in North Korea, produced by agents of the regime to set out its vision in a range of important areas. This book provides an analysis of North Korean graphic novels, discussing the ideals they promote and the tensions within those ideals, and examining the reception of graphic novels in North Korea and by North Korean refugees in South Korea. Particular themes considered include the ideal family and how the regime promotes this; patriotism, and its conflict with class identities; and the portrayal of the Korean War – "The Fatherland Liberation War", as it is known in North Korea – and the subsequent, continuing stand-off. Overall, the book demonstrates the importance of graphic novels in North Korea as a tool for bringing up children and for promoting North Korean ideals. In addition, however, the book also shows that although the regime sees the imaginative power of graphic novels as a necessity for effective communication, graphic novels are also viewed with caution in that they exist in everyday social life in ways that the regime may be aware of, and seeks to control, but cannot dominate completely.
List of figures
List of tables
Introduction: Seduction of the innocent? Kurimchaek as entertainment, education, harmful media, political propaganda and beyond
Part One: History, media and regime
Chapter One: A short history of North Korea and kurimchaek
Chapter Two: Post-1998 North Korean graphic novels
Chapter Three: Father, Mother and Son: One family, one nation, one medium
Part Two: Seduction of the reader
Chapter Four: A society in crisis? From The Arduous March to a New Deal
Chapter Five: The downfall of a model citizen? Family background as plot tension and policy discord
Chapter Six: Sleepless in the DPRK: Graphic negotiations of ‘family’ in The True Identity of ‘Pear Blossom’
Chapter Seven: Patriots behind enemy lines: Hyperreality and excess in graphic novels about war
Part Three: Reading for the reader
Chapter Eight: Reading for the North Korean reader I: Media framing of comics consumption in contemporary DPRK
Chapter Nine: Reading for the North Korean reader II: Comics in children’s literature and refugee reminiscences
Final panel: Seduction of the innocent?
The aim of this series is to publish original, high-quality work by both new and established scholars in the West and the East, on all aspects of media, culture and social change in Asia. New proposals are welcome, and should be sent in the first instance to the series editor, Stephanie Donald, at Stephanie@stephaniedonald.info.
Gregory N. Evon, University of New South Wales
Devleena Ghosh, University of Technology, Sydney
Peter Horsfield, RMIT University, Melbourne
Michael Keane, Curtin University
Tania Lewis, RMIT University, Melbourne
Vera Mackie, University of Wollongong
Kama Maclean, University of New South Wales
Laikwan Pang, Chinese University of Hong Kong
Gary Rawnsley, Aberystwyth University
Ming-yeh Rawnsley, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London
Jo Tacchi, Lancaster University
Adrian Vickers, University of Sydney
Jing Wang, MIT
Ying Zhu, City University of New York