What drives European foreign policy towards the wider Mediterranean and Middle East region? This collection takes an innovative approach to answering this question, by considering the impact of intra-European divisions on European polices towards this crucial region. European foreign policy has traditionally been defined by a clear division of labour: southern European member states take the lead in the EU’s southern neighbourhood, while central and northern European countries drive policies in the EU’s eastern neighbourhood. The resulting north-south split has entrenched geo-clientalistic behaviour as a core principle of EU foreign policy-making and has fuelled a static intra-European competition over influence and resources. However, as European power dynamics shift, these old divisions no longer hold and northern and central European countries have been pushed towards a more pro-active role in the region. But what factors are shaping the foreign policies of these countries in the Mediterranean and Middle East? What has been their contribution to common EU polices? And does their growing activism signal an end to old geo-clientalistic division as a core driver of European foreign policy?
’As instability, authoritarianism and conflict south of Europe increase, EU policy towards the Mediterranean acquires relevance and becomes more complex. From this perspective, this book is a fascinating journey through the EU’s northern members’ changing policies towards the southern neighbourhood in the context of their differences with southern members. At the same time, it is a timely and cogent contribution to the broad analysis of EU foreign policy’s evolution and its inner strategic balance.’ Roberto Aliboni, The Institute for International Affairs, Italy ’This informative book takes a thorough look at northern EU member states’ relations with the Mediterranean and the wider Middle East and provides substantial insights into the drivers of foreign policy of these countries. It is a timely and valuable contribution to the study of European foreign policy making towards this strategically important region.’ Volker Perthes, Director of the German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP), Germany