Novel Concepts, Systems and Technology for Sludge Management in Emergency and Slum Settings: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Novel Concepts, Systems and Technology for Sludge Management in Emergency and Slum Settings

1st Edition

By Peter Matuku Mawioo

CRC Press

245 pages

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Paperback: 9780367902216
pub: 2020-03-05
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Management of sludge is one of the most pressing issues in sanitation provision. The situation is especially complex when large quantities of fresh sludge containing various contaminants are generated in onsite sanitation systems in urban slums, emergency settlements and wastewater treatment facilities that require proper disposal of the sludge. The application of fast and efficient sludge management methods is important under these conditions.

This study focused on the development of an innovative sludge treatment unit that is based on the microwave irradiation technology. The technology provides a rapid and efficient option for sludge treatment in isolated conditions such as slum, emergency, and similar situations. The microwave based technology forms part of the eSOS (emergency sanitation operation system) concept that promotes an integrated sanitation approach in which all components of the entire sanitation chain are planned holistically. Besides, the study addresses the deficiencies associated with the poor choice of emergency sanitation technology options by proposing a methodology that is based on compensatory multi-criteria analysis.

This study contributes in providing solutions towards improved sanitation in complex scenarios, especially the management of faecal sludge in emergency and slum conditions.

Table of Contents

Introduction, Emergency sanitation: A review of potential technologies and selection criteria, Innovative approaches to emergency sanitation: The concept of the emergency sanitation operation system - eSOS®, Microwave technology as a viable sanitation technology option for sludge treatment, Evaluation of a microwave based reactor for the treatment of blackwater sludge, Microwave treatment of faecal sludge from intensively used toilets in the slums of Nairobi, Kenya, Design, development and evaluation of a pilot-scale microwave based technology for sludge sanitization and drying, Conclusions and outlook.

About the Author

Peter Matuku Mawioo, a Sanitary Engineer, was born in 1979 in Kitui County, Kenya. He obtained his MSc. in Municipal Water and Infrastructure; specialization in Sanitary Engineering from IHE Delft Institute for Water Education, Delft, the Netherlands in 2010. Peter obtained his BSc degree from the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering; specialization in Water and Environmental Engineering from Egerton University, Kenya in 2006. He is currently employed as a Lecturer in Public Health Engineering in the Department of Civil and Structural Engineering at the University of Eldoret (UoE), Kenya. Peter carried out his PhD studies in Sanitary Engineering at Delft University of Technology, Delft and IHE Delft Institute for Water Education, Delft, The Netherlands between 2011 and 2017. His PhD research topic focusses on the development and improvement of sanitation technologies for application in isolated cases such as the slum, emergency, and similar situations. Peter’s research interests include biological wastewater treatment, membrane bioreactors, wastewater reuse, non-sewered sanitation, and innovative scientific environmental technologies.

About the Series

IHE Delft PhD Thesis Series

IHE Delft PhD programme leads to a deepening of a field of specialisation. PhD fellows do scientific research, often with conclusions that directly influence their region. At IHE Delft, PhD researchers from around the world participate in problem-focused and solution-oriented research on development issues, resulting in an inspiring research environment. PhD fellows work together with other researchers from many countries dealing with topics related to water and the environment.

PhD research is often carried out in the ‘sandwich’ model. Preparation and final reporting – the first and last portion of the programme – are carried out in Delft, while actual research is done in the fellow’s home country, under co-supervision of a local institute. Regular contacts with the promotor are maintained through visits and long-distance communication. This enables researchers to employ solutions directly to problems in their geographical region.

IHE Delft PhD degrees are awarded jointly with a university. The degrees are highly valued and fully recognised in all parts of the world.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / Water Supply