Written by two leading researchers from the world-renowned Japan Atomic Energy Agency, the Nuclear Hydrogen Production Handbook is an unrivalled overview of current and future prospects for the effective production of hydrogen via nuclear energy. Combining information from scholarly analyses, industrial data, references, and other resources, this handbook illustrates hydrogen’s versatility and potential both as a sustainable energy carrier (e.g., fuel for vehicles and power generators) and as a feedstock material for industry (agriculture, oil, chemical, and steel, etc.).
Packed with details about the science, engineering, and production involved in nuclear hydrogen generation, this handbook presents case studies that delve into:
- Research results of hydrogen development programs sponsored by Japan, Argentina, China, Korea, the US and the EU, among others
- Operational developments at major nuclear reactors
- Cutting-edge hydrogen production systems and methods, including high-temperature electrolysis of steam and biomass gasification
- Applications such as heat- and corrosion-resistant construction materials, chemical reactors, and heat exchangers, as well as thermochemical iodine-sulfur processes
- Integrated process designs (including thermochemical and hybrid methods)
- Nuclear hydrogen plant operation management and safety
Far exceeding the limited introductory detail offered in other books on the topic, this reference offers an all-encompassing international perspective on nuclear hydrogen production. Addressing a wide range of pertinent technologies, scientific trends, and technical details, this resource will be a useful tool for readers at all levels of understanding.
Table of Contents
Section I: Hydrogen and Its Production from Nuclear Energy
The Role of Hydrogen in the World Economy, R. Hino, K. Matsui, and X.L. Yan
Nuclear Hydrogen Production: An Overview, X.L. Yan, S. Konishi, M. Hori, and R. Hino
Section II: Hydrogen Production Methods
Water Electrolysis, S. Kasahara
Steam Electrolysis, R. Hino, K. Yamada, and S. Kasai
Thermochemical Decomposition of Water, S. Kasahara and K. Onuki
Conversion of Hydrocarbons, K. Verfondern and Y. Inagaki
Biomass Method, J.-I. Hayashi
Radiolysis of Water, R. Nagaishi and Y. Kumagai
Section III: Nuclear Hydrogen Production Systems
Water Reactor, C.W. Forsberg, K. Takase, and T. Nakatsuka
High-Temperature Gas Reactor, X.L. Yan, R. Hino, and K. Ohashi
Sodium Fast Reactor, T. Iwamura and Y. Inagaki
Gas Fast Reactor, Y. Inagaki and T. Iwamura
Fluoride Salt Advanced High-Temperature Reactor, P.F. Peterson and E.D. Blandford
STAR-H2: A Pb-Cooled, Long Refueling Interval Reactor, D.C. Wade
Fusion Reactor Hydrogen Production, Y. Wu and H. Chen
Section IV: Applied Science and Technology
High-Temperature Electrolysis of Steam, J.E. O’Brien, C.M. Stoots, and J.S. Herring
Thermochemical Iodine–Sulfur Process, K. Onuki, S. Kubo, N. Tanaka, and Seiji Kasahara
The Hybrid Sulfur Cycle, M.B. Gorensek and W.A. Summers
Nuclear Coal Gasification, K. Verfondern
Nuclear Steam Reforming of Methane, Y. Inagaki and K. Verfondern
Hydrogen Plant Construction and Process Materials, S. Kubo and H. Sato
Nuclear Hydrogen Production Process Reactors, A. Terada and H. Takegami
Nuclear Hydrogen Production Plant Safety, T. Nishihara, Y. Tazawa, and Y. Inagaki
Nuclear Hydrogen Plant Operations and Products, H. Sato and H. Ohashi
Licensing Framework for Nuclear Hydrogen Production Plant, Y. Tazawa
Section V: Worldwide Research and Development
Hydrogen Production and Applications Program in Argentina, A.E. Bohé and H.E.P. Nassini
Nuclear Hydrogen Production Development in China, J. Xu, P. Zhang, and B. Yu
European Union Activities on Using Nuclear Power for Hydrogen Production, K. Verfondern
HTTR-IS Nuclear Hydrogen Demonstration Program in Japan, N. Sakaba, H. Ohashi, and H. Sato
Nuclear Hydrogen Project in Korea, W.J. Lee
NGNP and NHI Programs of the U.S. Department of Energy, M. Richards and R. Buckingham
International Development of Fusion Energy, S. Konishi
Section VI: Appendices
Appendix A: Chemical, Thermodynamic, and Transport Properties of Pure Compounds and Solutions, S. Kasahara
Appendix B: Thermodynamic and Transport Properties of Coolants for Nuclear Reactors Considered for Hydrogen Production, S. Kasahara
Xing L. Yan and Ryutaro Hino both work for the Japan Atomic Energy Agency.
Yan received his Ph.D from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He participated in the United States Department of Energy’s development program on the modular high-temperature gas-cooled reactor and contributed to the Energy Research Center of the Netherlands’ program for small high-temperature reactor cogeneration plant designs. At the JAEA, he has led the technical design and technology development for a commercial series of nuclear hydrogen production systems.
Hino received his Ph.D from the University of Tokyo. He is the only researcher at the JAEA who has experience in all three leading nuclear hydrogen production methods under worldwide development: steam reforming of methane, high-temperature electrolysis, and thermochemical water splitting. He was awarded the 2007 Prize of the Atomic Energy Society of Japan for his contribution to the successful development of new ceramic heat exchangers used for high-temperature thermochemical hydrogen production.
Nuclear hydrogen will be significant for a low carbon society. This book is excellent for the first step.
—Dr. Yoshimi Okada, Chiyoda Corporation, Japan
Hydrogen economy as an alternative energy source to reduce CO2 emission has been discussed for decades. The fact that nuclear hydrogen production is now almost reality is not widely known. This handbook gives us the most thorough review of the state of art of nuclear hydrogen, which could be used not only for scientific and technological communities, but also for the potential users to assess its reality.
—Dr. Toru Ogawa, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Japan