Nuclear Modernization in the 21st Century: A Technical, Policy, and Strategic Review, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Nuclear Modernization in the 21st Century

A Technical, Policy, and Strategic Review, 1st Edition

Edited by Aiden Warren, Philip Baxter


248 pages

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Hardback: 9781138350557
pub: 2020-03-09
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This collection examines the extent to which nuclear weapons modernization has become a significant point of concern and consideration in international security. Recent statements and substantial investments by nuclear weapon possessor states in the upkeep and modernization of their nuclear postures – particularly the United States, Russia and China – illustrate a return of primacy and the salience of nuclear forces in international politics. The upgrading of systems, the introduction of new capabilities, the intermingling of new technologies, and the advancement of new strategic models, are all indicative of their elevation in importance and reliance.

With contributions from leading thinkers in the nuclear weapons domain, this book elucidates the global strategic and policy implications such modernization efforts by the above-mentioned states will have on international security. In unpacking and conceptualizing this developing source of potential (in)security and tension, the collection not only provides a technical context, but also frames the likely effects modernization could have on the relations between these nuclear weapon powers and the larger impact upon efforts to curb nuclear weapons – both in terms of horizontal and vertical proliferation. The chapters have been arranged so as to inform a variety of stakeholders, from academics to policy-makers, by connecting analytical and normative insights, and thereby, advancing debates pertaining to where nuclear modernization sits as a point of global security consternation in the 21st Century. 

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction

Aiden Warren and Philip M. Baxter

Chapter 2: U.S. Modernization Efforts and the 2018 Nuclear Posture Review

Hans M. Kristensen

Chapter 3: Russia’s Nuclear Modernization

Philip M. Baxter

Chapter 4: U.S.-Russian Bilateral Disarmament

Cameron Trainer

Chapter 5: Chinese Nuclear Strategy

Susan Turner Haynes

Chapter 6: U.S. Nuclear Weapons Modernization and the Impact on the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Regime

Aiden Warren

Chapter 7: NATO Nuclear Modernization

Steven Pifer

Chapter 8: Through a Crystal Ball, Dimly: Nuclear Modernization’s Anticipated Effects on International Relations Theory

Balazs Martonffy and Eleni Ekmektsioglou

Chapter 9: Modernization a Determent to International Security

Kingston Reif and Alicia Sanders-Zakre

Chapter 10: Modernization as a Promoter of International Security: The Special Role of U.S. Nuclear Weapons

Matthew Kroenig and Christian Trotti

Chapter 11: Afterword

Philip M. Baxter and Aiden Warren

About the Editors

Aiden Warren is an Associate Professor of International Relations at RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia. He is the 2018-19 Fulbright Scholar in Australia-United States Alliance Studies, sponsored by the Australian Government’s Department of Foreign Affairs & Trade (DFAT).

Philip M. Baxter is a Research Fellow with the Center for Policy Research at the University of Albany, founder and director of a data analytics and consultancy firm, and a Ph.D. Candidate in International Affairs, Science, and Technology at the Georgia Institute of Technology.

About the Series

Modern Security Studies

Modern Security Studies
This series fills a known gap in modern security studies literature by pursuing a curated, forward-looking editorial approach on looming and evergreen security challenges.  Short and long form works will be considered with an eye towards developing content that is widely suitable for instruction and research alike.  Works adhere around the series’ four main categories: Controversies, Cases, Trends and Primers.  We invite proposals that pay particular attention to controversies in international security, notably those that have resulted in newly exposed and poorly defined risks to non-state legitimacy, international or state capacities to act, and shifts in global governance.  Case studies should examine recent historical events and security-related actions that have altered present day understanding or political calculations.  Trends will need to detail future yet tangible concerns in a 5-10 year timeframe.  Authors are also invited to submit proposals to our primers category for short form works on key topics that are referenced and taught throughout security studies.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
POLITICAL SCIENCE / International Relations / Arms Control