The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty has long been key in non-proliferation and disarmament activities. The Treaty is the major international legal obstacle for states seeking nuclear weapon capabilities.
In retrospect, and despite setbacks, the overall impact of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty has been significant and gratifying. Its continued success is by no means guaranteed. As old nuclear dangers persist and new ones evolve, policies to halt nuclear proliferation are more disparate than at any other time. Nuclear weapons remain an essential part of the security policies of leading states and many developmental states maintain strong nuclear weapon ambitions, while terrorists have actively been seeking nuclear capabilities.
In search of an overarching strategy that recognizes both the flaws of the existing non-proliferation regime, and the value of some of the corrections proposed by regime critics, this volume assesses contemporary efforts to stem nuclear proliferation. In doing so, Nuclear Proliferation and International Security examines a number of cases with a view to recommending better non-proliferation tools and strategies. The contributors comprise renowned international scholars, who have been selected to obtain the best possible analyses of critically important issues related to international non-proliferation dynamics and the future integrity of the Non-Proliferation Treaty.
Foreword Hans Blix (TBC) Editors’ Preface 1. Introduction Morten Bremer Mærli and Sverre Lodgaard Part 1: Growing Pressures, Fragile Policies 2. Ban on Nuclear Weapon Proliferation in Light of International Law Jozef Goldblat 3. Preventive War as an Alternative to Treaty-Based Nuclear Non-Proliferation Astrid Forland 4. Proliferation, Disarmament and the Future of the Non-Proliferation Treaty Steven Miller Part 2: Encountering Proliferators, Real or Potential 5. The Exceptional End to the Extraordinary Libyan Nuclear Quest Harald Müller 6. Iran’s Uncertain Nuclear Ambitions Sverre Lodgaard 7. North Korean Proliferation and the End of US Nuclear Hegemony Peter Hayes 8. Israel and a Nuclear Weapon Free Zone in the Middle East Lawrence Scheinman and Marvin Miller 9. India’s Nuclear Exceptionalism Raja Mohan 10. Pakistan as a Receptive Proliferator Talat Masood 11. Non-State Actors and Nuclear Proliferation William Potter Part 3: Building Restraint, Reducing Risks 12. The Fizzling Fervency of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Annette Schaper 13. The Fissile Material Cut-Off Treaty as a Nuclear Security Policy Driver Annette and Morten Bremer Mærli 14. Nuclear Non-Proliferation Assistance Across Borders Lars van Dassen 15. Export Controls and Multilateral Nuclear Arrangements Tariq Rauf Part 4: Assessments and Recommendations 16. Regaining Common Ground Sverre Lodgaard