1st Edition

Nutrition and Hydration




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ISBN 9780273728719
Published January 15, 2010 by Routledge
32 Pages

USD $11.95

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Book Description

The proper assessment and provision of nutrition and hydration to patients is  a major part of any nursing or health professional's role. This guide gives you an easy-to-use reference to the main procedures and implications in developing a proper nutrition and hydration plan.

 

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Table of Contents

Contents

Introduction 
Nutrition 
Nutritional requirements 
Nutritional needs 
Nutritional assessment
Body Mass Index 
BMI measurements 
Waist circumference
Factors affecting ability to eat
Physical
Pathological
Other 
Factors influencing nutrition in hospital 
Problems with the food 
Problems with the systems of supplying the food
Consequences of malnutrition
Feeding patients
Other methods of feeding
When should nutritional support be considered? 
Complications of nutritional support
Hydration 
Hydration requirements 
Regulation of body fluids
Hormonal influences 
Anti-duiretic hormone
Renin
Aldosterone
Kidneys
Electrolytes
Factors affecting hydration needs 
Age
Gender and body size
Lifestyle
Environmental temperature
Pathology
Diet
Exercise 
Stress
Fluid imbalances 
Hypervolaemia
Hypovolaemia
Methods of administration of fluids 
Oral
Intravenous 
Subcutaneous
Associated problems with intravenous and subcutaneous infusions
Recording fluid balance
Accurate measurement of fluid intake 
Accurate measurement of fluid output
Negative and positive fluid balance
References

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