The science–policy interface is critical to the design and implementation of water policies. In theory, scientists provide policy makers with robust facts and data that can help guide decision making, and lessons from the political economy of reforms can push scientific boundaries further to trigger further research for wise solutions. While evidence-based policy is obviously desirable, in practice such a connection is not always straightforward. Another assumption behind the science–policy gap is the discrepancy between scientists and policy makers in terms of culture, process, timing, language and expected outcome.
This book tries to reconcile this discrepancy through a multi-stakeholder approach to authoring its different articles. This joint initiative between the OECD – particularly its Water Governance Initiative – and the International Water Resources Association seeks to provide a canvas for grounding water policy in science, and vice versa. The objective of this book, devoted to the OECD Principles on Water Governance, is to use the OECD Principles as a common thread across the articles to draw lessons from theoretical work and practical experiences in water governance reforms; but also to only feature papers authored by groups of diverse stakeholders from different institutional backgrounds.
This book was originally published as a special issue of Water International.
Aziza Akhmouch, Delphine Clavreul, Sarah Hendry, Sharon B. Megdal, James E. Nickum, Francisco Nunes-Correia and Andrew Ross
Introduction: Introducing the OECD Principles on Water Governance
Aziza Akhmouch, Delphine Clavreul and Peter Glas
1. Addressing the policy-implementation gaps in water services: the key role of mesoinstitutions
Claude Ménard, Alejandro Jimenez and Hakan Tropp
2. Stakeholder engagement in water governance as social learning: lessons from practice
Uta Wehn, Kevin Collins, Kim Anema, Laura Basco-Carrera and Alix Lerebours
3. OECD Principles on Water Governance in practice: an assessment of existing frameworks in Europe, Asia-Pacific, Africa and South America
Susana Neto, Jeff Camkin, Andrew Fenemor, Poh-Ling Tan, Jaime Melo Baptista, Marcia Ribeiro, Roland Schulze, Sabine Stuart-Hill, Chris Spray and Rahmah Elfithri
4. Functions of OECD Water Governance Principles in assessing water governance practices: assessing the Dutch Flood Protection Programme
Chris Seijger, Stijn Brouwer, Arwin van Buuren, Herman Kasper Gilissen, Marleen van Rijswick and Michelle Hendriks
5. The evolution of water governance in France from the 1960s: disputes as major drivers for radical changes within a consensual framework
Marine Colon, Sophie Richard and Pierre-Alain Roche
Most of the world’s water problems, and their solutions, are directly related to policies and governance, both specific to water and in general. Two of the world’s leading journals in this area, the International Journal of Water Resources Development (sponsored by the Third World Centre for Water Management, Mexico) and Water International (the official journal of the International Water Resources Association), contribute to this special issues series, aimed at disseminating new knowledge on the policy and governance of water resources to a very broad and diverse readership all over the world. The series should be of direct interest to all policy makers, professionals and lay readers concerned with obtaining the latest perspectives on addressing the world’s many water issues.