360 pages | 46 B/W Illus.
Focusing on prevention rather than treatment, Obesity: Dietary and Developmental Influences reviews and evaluates the determinants of obesity. The book uses evidence-based research as a basis to define foods and dietary behaviors that should be supported and encouraged as well as those that should be discouraged. This comprehensive review represents a critical step forward in the quest to identify actionable strategies to prevent obesity.
The book describes the potential role of 26 different dietary factors and 8 developmental periods in the prevention of obesity among children and adults. The dietary factors examined include macronutrients, micronutrients, specific types of foods and beverages, snack and meal patterns, portion size, parenting practices, breastfeeding, and more. The factors from each developmental period in the life cycle are examined in the context of the likelihood of obesity development. For each dietary factor and developmental period, four lines of evidence are examined: secular trends, plausible mechanisms, observational studies, and prevention trials.
Providing easy access to information, the book features 38 tables that summarize observational studies, 38 graphs depicting trends in dietary intake, and 9 tables that summarize prevention trials. It provides a synopsis of the latest research on obesity, investigating all major lines of evidence, and clarifies common misconceptions while identifying which behaviors to target and which dietary factors show the most promise for prevention.
“…a comprehensive summary of dietary influences and critical periods that are important in obesity prevention.
—Doody’s Review Services
The Obesity Epidemic
The Obesity Prevention Network Determinants of Energy Imbalance Workgroup
A Focus on Prevention
Defining Target Behaviors: A First Step
Search Process and Criteria
Article Abstraction and Manuscript Format
Lines of Evidence
Intrauterine Growth and Birth Weight
Minerals and Vitamins
Vegetables and Fruits
Sweetened Beverages and Fruit Juice
Variety of Foods
Reduced-Fat Food Products
Meal and Snack Patterns
When to Intervene: Critical Periods in the Development of Obesity
What to Recommend: Dietary Influences on Energy Balance
Priorities for Further Research