This book explores the intricate and multi-dimensional conception of clarity and obscurity in the law. It presents and examines the most recent research and theories, giving practical guidance on how to avoid obscurity in legal drafting and its impact on legal interpretation. The book is aimed at a multidisciplinary audience and seeks to promote an interdisciplinary debate on clarity, law and language, calling for the moving of clarity beyond the study of plain language. The aims of the book are thus two fold. The first is to critically reach a nexus between the disciplines of law and language with respect to the debates on clarity in legal discourse. The second is to achieve an international perspective on the issue, drawing from a wide range of legal and political contexts.
'What happens when plain language advocates meet experts in law, semiotics, and linguistics? Read this book to find out! Using examples from Chinese, English, Finnish, French, Swedish, and other languages, and representing both civil and common-law jurisdictions, the authors of the essays in this book explain why clarity is in theory so important to the rule of law, but also why in practice it can be so elusive.' Peter Tiersma, Loyola Law School, Los Angeles , USA and author of Legal Language 'This carefully edited book fuses linguistic and legal concepts and combines theoretical and practical perspectives. The contributors explore developments in Europe, North America and Australia and introduce less studied legal cultures such as Africa and China; as well as global settings such as international arbitration. Obscurity and Clarity in the Law is recommended to all readers interested in the problems of legal language, irrespective of their professional background. Heikki E. S. Mattila, University of Lapland, Finland and author of Comparative Legal Linguistics '…I would certainly recommend this volume to legal linguists because, as a whole, it is well-balanced and carefully thought out, with an interesting selection of papers.' International Journal for the Semiotics of Law
Contents: Foreword; Introduction: the chiaroscuro of legal language, Sophie Cacciaguidi-Fahy and Anne Wagner; Part 1 Crossroads Between Law and Language: The ambiguous principle of the clarity of the law, Alexandre FlÃ¼ckiger; Objectivity and subjectivity in interpretation, James Kessler; Rules and statements, Louis E. Wolcher; Unravelling the legislator's tapestry: judicial needlework on encroachment cases, Anne-FranÃ§oise Debruche; Customising the model law on international commercial arbitration, Maurizio Gotti; Is the Chinese legal language more ambiguous and vaguer? Deborah Cao. Part 2 An International Perspective: Conceptual and textual structure in legislative texts, Andreas LÃ¶tscher; Finland makes its statutes intelligible: good intentions and practicalities, Aino Piehl; The Swedish approach to clear legislation and clear official texts, Barbro Ehrenberg-Sundin; What, how, when and why - making laws easier to understand by using examples and notes, Ben Piper; The illusion of clarity - a critique of 'pure' clarity using examples drawn from judicial interpretations of the Constitution of the United States, M. Douglass Bellis; Between obscurity and clarity in Nigerian legal discourse: aspects of language use in selected written texts, Tunde Opeibi; Bibliography; Index.